Statement of the problem:
The crisis by when this MNLF faction attempted to raise the flag of the self-proclaimed Bangsamoro Republik at Zamboanga City Hall, which had earlier declared its independence on August 12, 2013 in Talipao, Sulu. This armed incursion, which has been variously described a “crisis”, a “standoff”, a “siege”, and a “humanitarian crisis”, was met by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP), which sought to free the hostages and expel the MNLF from the city.
1. To create a personnel management system that will effectively identify and anticipate the manpower needs and problems of the company. 2. To create conducive working conditions in the head office and specially in the loggings concession. 3. To effect the design of the job description and specification manaul. ALTERNATIVE CRISSI ACTION
1. Crisis in Zamboanga are personnel that would specify the rights of this group and his needed. 2. Provide for the physiological and psychological needs of the rebellions person especially in the loogings concession.
3. Revise the Army and other Department set-up that would concentrate more on thourough analysis of the behavior and the capabilities of the rebellions person . CONCLUSION:
1. The organizational climate and community conditions affect the morale and discipline of the people in zamboanga. 2. Qualification, competence and personality are crucial factors in crisis placements. RECOMMENDATIONS:
That all three alternatives be implemented right away.
The Zamboanga City crisis was an armed conflict in Zamboanga City, Philippines between the forces of the Republic of the Philippines and a faction of the Moro National Liberation Front, generally known by other factions as the Rogue MNLF Elements (RME) under the Sulu State Revolutionary Command (SSRC) led by Ustadz Habier Malik and Khaid Ajibon, whose group
continues to recognize Nur Misuari as MNLF Chairman. The crisis erupted on September 9, 2013 when this MNLF faction attempted to raise the flag of the self-proclaimed Bangsamoro Republik at Zamboanga City Hall, which had earlier declared its independence on August 12, 2013 in Talipao, Sulu. This armed incursion, which has been variously described a “crisis”, a “standoff” a “siege”, and a “humanitarian crisis”, was met by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Philippine National Police (PNP), which sought to free the hostages and expel the MNLF from the city. The standoff degenerated into urban warfare, and had brought parts of the city under a standstill for days. The clashes has caused the displacement of more than 100,000 people, the occupation of several barangays (villages) by the MNLF, the deaths of several civilians, the closure of the Zamboanga International Airport (which has since been reopened), and the slowdown of economic activity in the city. On September 28, the government declared the end of military operations in Zamboanga City. Commander Malik, reportedly the leader of the MNLF forces, remains at large, and several skirmishes are still being regularly reported.
Nur Misuari (Bahasa Sūg: Nūr Miswāri, born Nurallaj Misuari, 1968 in Jolo, Sulu, Philippines) is a Moro revolutionary, politician, founder and leader of the Moro National Liberation Front. He completed his education through academic scholarships at the University of the Philippines and became a student activist under Jose Maria Sison’s Kabataang Makabayan (Patriotic Youth). Misuari was a lecturer at the University of the Philippines in political science and in the 1960s, he established the Mindanao Independence Movement which aimed to organize an independent state in southern Philippines. The Mindanao Independence Movement formed the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) that sought political reforms from the Government of the Philippines. Unable to gain reforms, the MNLF engaged in military conflict against the Philippine vernment and its supporters between 1972 to 1976 under the leadership of Misuari. The military resistance to the government of former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos did not produce autonomy for the Moro people. He departed to Saudi Arabia in exile. He returned to the Philippines after Marcos was removed from office during the People Power Revolution in 1986. Misuari justified the MNLF armed struggle on the non-implementation of the Tripoli Agreement, originally signed by
Ferdinand Marcos and later included and accepted in the peace agreement signed by former Philippine president Fidel Ramos in the 1990s. This agreement established an autonomous region for Moros with Misuari as governor. He was removed from his office when Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became president in 2001 and was arrested in 2007 on charges of terrorism. On December 20, 2007 he was denied a petition for bail and remained under house arrest in Manila. The Philippine court however, granted the bail petition of Misuari’s seven co-accused, at 100,000 pesos. On April 25, 2008, he was allowed to post bail, upon the instructions of the Cabinet security cluster. September 8
The initial confrontation occurred around 11:00 p.m. on the evening of Sunday, September 8, 2013. A navy patrol boat intercepted a large motorboat and eight other smaller vessels carrying armed men near the coastal barangay of Rio Hondo. This led to an exchange of fire resulting in several casualties including the death of one of the navy personnel and two civilians. September 9
On September 9, 2013, at around 4:30 a.m., the MNLF entered the city and killed four people, contrary to the first report of having six people killed. Four barangays were occupied by the MNLF: Rio Hondo, Sta. Barbara, Sta. Catalina, and parts of Talon-Talon. The group held 20 civilians hostages in Barangay Sta. Catalina, and around noontime more than 200 civilians were reported as being held hostage by the MNLF. The civilian hostages were being used as human shields by the MNLF. The city government of Zamboanga declared a “no classes and no work” following the attacks at Barangay Sta. Catalina. A curfew was later imposed throughout the city that day, virtually shutting down the city. Zamboanga City Mayor Isabelle “Beng” Climaco-Salazar later visited the people who fled to different evacuation centers that morning. Zamboanga International Airport was shut down as all flights operating to and from the city was cancelled. September 10
The Zamboanga City Hall where the MNLF intended to hoist the Bangsamoro Republik flag. On the second day, the Philippine government deployed a
larger force in the city. A naval blockade was set, and more troops and units were deployed, including four units of elite troops from the Naval Special Operations Group. At dawn, city police prevented 30 members of the MNLF from joining the main force. Start of Zamboanga Crisis:
By morning, the MNLF fired rocket-propelled grenades and mortars at military positions. The clash between MNLF and the government forces spread throughout the barangay as residents fled their homes while some people could not leave the area due to fear of being caught in crossfire. During the afternoon, a fire erupted in Barangay Santa Barbara that razed five houses as firefights between the MNLF and the Armed Forces of the Philippines ensued. Four firetrucks responded, but were delayed, as they needed to have a clearance from the military before entering the area due to the presence of MNLF snipers. September 11
Zamboanga City Mayor Climaco finally contacted Nur Misuari through telephone on Thursday. Mayor Climaco asked Misuari to call off the attack but Misuari claimed that he has no hand at the situation and distanced himself from Commander Habier Malik, and his followers action. This contradicts to what MNLF spokesman, Emmanuel Fontanilla, said earlier. The spokesman said that Misuari was leading the MNLF militants in Zamboanga City. September 12
The Philippine government issued an ultimatum to the MNLF militants in Zamboanga saying that the government will not hesitate to use force to resolve the situation in Zamboanga City. “While the government is exhausting all avenues for a peaceful resolution of the situation, let it be clear to those defying us that they should not entertain the illusion that the state will hesitate to use its forces to protect our people,” Presidential spokesperson Edwin Lacierda said in a statement. September 13
Vice President of the Philippines Jejomar Binay had spoken by telephone to Nur Misuari, and they agreed on a ceasefire. Nur Misauri’s spokesperson Rev. Absalom Cerveza said that the current situation in Zamboanga city is a war of independence and denied that the MNLF came to Zamboanga for a peace caravan. “If you win in the war, you will gain your independence. So it
happened. MNLF followed this track to gain its independence,” he said. The spokesman also denied earlier reports that Misuari disowned Commander Habier Malik. September 15
Plans for a ceasefire fail. MNLF snipers were captured.
The Army started to pound MNLF positions in Barangay Sta. Barbara with mortars. A civilian vehicle was accidentally hit by a mortar round as the battle raged, although no one was hurt. Air strikes with MG-520 attack helicopters and SF-260 counter-insurgency planes started, firing their guns against alleged MNLF positions in the city. A total of three rocket rounds from a MG-520 of the Air Force struck unspecified enemy stronghold between 1 to 1:30 pm. 33 hostages were released. September 17
Zamboanga City police chief Jose Chiquito Malayo who tried to negotiate with the rebels to release more hostages was reportedly abducted and held hostage by the rebels. Later in the day, he was freed, bringing 23 rebels who had surrendered. September 18
The Army said that government forces killed 120 rebels and now controlled 80 percent of the areas that had been occupied by the rebels. According to the Philippine Department of Social Welfare and Development, due to the fighting, the number of displaced residents has risen to 110,000, As of 18 September 2013, in 35 evacuation centers, such as the Baliwasan Grandstand. The military took control of KGK Building, which was the headquarters of the MNLF-controlled areas. However, the rebel commander had fled before the Army could capture him. September 19
President Benigno Aquino III meeting with the Armed Forces of the Philippines and Philippine National Police on September 21, 2013. The Zamboanga City international airport reopened. The International Committee of the Red Cross is responded to the humanitarian needs of the residents. Felipe Rojas, Philippine National Police’s directorate for operations Chief
Superintendent, said that the gunmen are being “forced to surrender due to hunger.” Governor Mujiv Hataman of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao said that most of the gunmen, who surrendered, were unknown and were mostly from “Akbar or Albarka towns in Basilan”. September 24
An MNLF commander and 7 fighters surrendered.
The United Nations declared the situation a humanitarian crisis. For 17 days, the fighting had already displaced 109,000 people in Zamboanga City and 19,000 in Basilan, and destroyed more than 10,000 homes.[ September 26
Government forces gained control over Sumatra Island, which is part of Barangay Talon-Talon and was a strategic landing point used by MNLF fighters. They have also seized 5 water vessels, one motor launch and four jungkungs (motorboat). The motor launch has a capacity of more than 100 people, while each jungkung can carry 30 people. Ammunition, food, MNLF uniforms and vital documents were also recovered from the island. September 27
The Reverend Absalom Cerveza, MNLF spokesman, said that Habier Malik texted him that he will not surrender. Cerveza aked that Malik and his closest followers are the “hardcore” fighters of the MNLF and are willing to put their life on the line. Cerveza described that the situation in Zamboanga “might be the darkest episode in the history of the MNLF,” Malik also asked prayers for the MNLF. According to the spokesman, Nur Misuari asked Malik to stand down, however Cerveza said he was not able to communicate with Malik or any other commanders in the battlefield. It is also reported that some arrested MNLF fighters admitted that they were promised ₱10,000 to join a rally in Zamboanga city. 20 MNLF fighters, including Malik remained in Zamboanga city, according to the military. September 28
Malacañang said that the nearly three-week crisis in Zamboanga City was now over. Deputy presidential spokesperson Abigail Valte confirmed the statement of National Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin that the conflict in Zamboanga was over. “Certainly, the Defense Secretary made that announcement and we’ve
always maintained in the days that we were dealing with the situation that it will be the officials on the ground who will be making the announcement based on their assessment. Our task from Day 1 is to ensure the safety of the hostages that were taken…as well as to get civilians out of harm’s way and that has already been accomplished.” Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin announced: “So far, the security crisis is over and now we go to post-conflict phase.” Post-crisis skirmishes
As of September 29, 2013, even after the declaration of the end of the crisis, many residents of the City of Zamboanga still hears few gunshots from time to time. The Local Government and the Military stated that these are just few skirmishes against remnants of the Rogue MNLF Elements. As they are now on the run and the Military is now pursuing them to bring them to justice. Related attacks
Combined forces of the Abu Sayyaf, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters and the Moro National Liberation Front reportedly attacked the city of Lamitan in Basilan on September 12. The same set of militants conducted another attack on September 13. Philippine security forces were able to repel the attack and managed the situation.
The First Responder`s Role
As a patrol officer, you are not expected to diagnose the individual, nor are you expected to distinguish betweeen many variations of psychosis and neurosis. And the principal concern is your own safety and that of the individual, and to make an effor to see that the person recieves appropriate professional attention.You are likely to encounter the mentally or emotionally-disturbed individual under circumstances. First Respomder`s Guidelines
Whenever you encounter a person who appers to exhibit a mental emotional problem more deep seated than the immediate circumstances warrants the following guidelines may assist you: 1. Approach the subject with extreme cauion. Maintain a calm manner. 2. Speak to the subject by name, if you know
it. Your vioce should be soothing, but firm and bisiness-like. 3. Say or do nothing that might threaten or immidate.
4. Avoid arguing or scolding the subject, and don`t allow anyone else to do so. 5. Make us friend or relatives who know how to talk to, or to deal,with the subject, unless there is friction between them. Thae subjec might have more trust and confidence in you if you appear to be getting along with the friends or relatives. 6. Whenever possible try to stall untill yo have a follow –up officer on the scene, this type of situaton might be more volatle than a routine arrest. 7. If the situation warrant, and you take tha subject into custody, do so carefully. Avoid painful grips and keep your gun and other weapons out of the subjects reach. 8. When you transfer custody to psychiatris personnel, give them as much information about the subjct`s symptoms and behavior. This will help in the diagnosis. Do the same when you prepare your reports. The First Responder`s Report Form
As a police patrols are the most ubiquitous member the police force. As the “first responders” they must learn their roles and responsibilities by heart to be able to effectively deliver quality police service in any given sittuation. By this nature, the “first responder report form” was prepared primarily to provide the partol elements with a reday format or checklist, and to enable them to deal exependitously with the hosteage situations and barrica
MNLF rebels in Zamboanga City in the Philippines on September 9, 2013
zamboanga city crisis reply 14 on september 08 2013 07 49 19 pm
Government troopers maneuver their Armored Personnel Carrier to reinforce their comrades after an army officer was killed in the ongoing operation against Muslim rebels on Thursday, Sept. 19, 2013, the 11th day of the standoff in Zamboanga city in southern Philippines. AP
Cite this The crisis by when this MNLF
The crisis by when this MNLF. (2016, Oct 04). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-crisis-by-when-this-mnlf/