We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

See Pricing

What's Your Topic?

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

What's Your Deadline?

Choose 3 Hours or More.
Back
2/4 steps

How Many Pages?

Back
3/4 steps

Sign Up and See Pricing

"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Back
Get Offer

The Pace of Life in 31 Countries

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

Deadline:2 days left
"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Write my paper

The Pace of Life in 31 Countries

            Levine and Norenzayan conduct a study that looks into the differences of the overall pace of life in cities (1999). The context of the study is the fact that it is established that the pace of life in a city is relatively stable, but the occasional differences in such are seldom ever studied and explained (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
The Pace of Life in 31 Countries
Just from $13,9/Page
Get custom paper

They note that population size is sometimes considered as a relevant factor that affects such differences, but the authors are not contented in the given explanation, saying that there are other relevant factors that are yet not discovered (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

            Levine and Norenzayan tested seven hypotheses (1999). First, it suggests that the more economically developed a city is, the higher its standard of living. Second, the more the city is located near the equator, the slower the pace of its development. Third, the more original and unique the cultures the faster they develop than those cultures that share common traits and traditions.

Fourth, the more expanded a city, the faster its pace of development. Fifth, there is a high rate of death caused by heart malfunctions in faster places. Sixth, there is a high rate of smoking in faster places. Lastly, there is a greater individual welfare in fast places. (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

            The authors use the framework provided by Hoch in his theory in the relationship between economic factors and the pace of life (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999). The authors choose three indicators of the pace of life, namely, walking speed, postal speed, and clock accuracy. Walking speed refers to the average speed of a man and a woman in walking a distance of 60 feet; postal speed refers to the total time the postal workers are able to finish a standard order for stamps; while clock accuracy refers to the accuracy of 15 clocks selected all over the country, which is an indication of concern with clock time. All three indicators were measured in each subject country (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

            As for the method, Levine and Norenzayan choose a wide sampling of countries where they would get their subjects consisting of large cities in 31 countries (1999). The study is supposed to correlate characteristics on “climate, economic well-being, individualism-collectivism, CHD, cigarette smoking, and life satisfaction” of each city with the different measures of the pace of life (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999). The characteristics are gathered either by interested responsible students or cross-cultural psychologists who are willing to help by giving information about their countries or countries they visited (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

            The authors formulate an overall pace-of-life index wherein each of the three measures of pace were converted into scores, which takes into consideration the correlation of the several components to each other and the pace of life (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

            The authors discover that Japan and countries in Western Europe have the fastest pace of life (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999). Eight of the nine countries with the fastest pace of life came from Western Europe, while United States and Canada surprisingly placed only in the middle ranks.

            This study provides significant literature to support the theory that previously untested predictors of pace of life, namely, climate, economy, and individualistic cultures, affect the pace of life. However, the study does not show that higher population causes a faster pace of life, because of the limited sampling of the subjects (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

To sum up, the study is able to show that the pace of life is influenced by many different community characteristics unique to a certain city or culture that gives it a distinct personality (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).

            The article succeeds in proving its hypotheses. However, the big number of hypotheses tested sacrificed the findings, as shown by the model’s failure to establish the relation of population size and the pace of life. It would have been better to focus on singular factors in order to establish a stronger correlation between the factor and the outcome.

Reference:

Levine, R. V. & Norenzayan, A. (1999). “The Pace of Life in 31 Countries.” Journal of Cross-  Cultural Psychology 30(2), 178-205.

Cite this The Pace of Life in 31 Countries

The Pace of Life in 31 Countries. (2016, Jul 27). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-pace-of-life-in-31-countries/

Show less
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Search for essay samples now

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get my paper now

For Only $13.90/page