Humans are motivated by social interest, by striving toward goals, and by dealing with the tasks of life. Emphasis is on the individuals’ positive capacities to live in society cooperatively. People have the capacity to interpret, influence, and create events. Each person at an early age creates a unique style of life, which tends to remain relatively constant throughout life (Day, 2008). Adlerian therapy stresses the unity of personality, the need to view people from their subjective perspective, and the importance of life goals that give direction to behavior.
People are motivated by social interest and by finding goals to give life meaning. Other key concepts include striving for significance and superiority, developing a unique lifestyle, and understanding the family constellation (Day, 2008). Therapy is a matter of providing encouragement and assisting clients in changing their cognitive perspective. The goal of Adlerian therapy is to challenge the client’s basic premises and life goals, to offer encouragement so individuals can develop socially, and to develop the client’s sense of belonging (Day, 2008).
Adlerian therapy focuses on challenging clients’ mistaken notions and faulty assumptions, which helps them to learn to live more fully. Working cooperatively with clients, the Adlerian therapist tries to provide encouragement so that clients can develop socially useful goals. Some specific goals include fostering social interest, helping clients overcome feelings of discouragement, changing faulty motivation, changing mistaken assumptions, and helping clients to feel a sense of social equality (Day, 2008).
The Adlerian Therapist uses a lifestyle assessment to gather as much family history as possible because Adler’s view believed that in order to understand people; one must first understand the systems of which they are part. The lifestyle assessment is holistic and systemic, including family constellation, early recollections, and priorities. The plan of life or style of life is the core recurring pattern of perceiving, thinking, feeling, and behaving that characterizes the client’s unique attitude toward the tasks of life (Day, 2008).
After the client summarizes and interprets this information, the Adlerian Therapist will help the client identify self-defeating views and faulty conclusions about his or her life (Day, 2008). The information the counselor reviews and interprets assists the client in gaining understanding and self- awareness, therefore helps the client realize that (s)he is simply discouraged, rather than “sick”.
Adlerian Therapy, which is based on the theories of Alfred Adler, points to the essence of normality as having a feeling of concern for others and places emphasis on social interests, the family dynamic, and one’s influence based on early memories in life (Day, 2008). Adler also placed emphasis on the order of one’s birth within the family such as whether one was the first, second, last, or only child born. His approach was centered on such subjects as lifestyle, beliefs and fictions, psychological environment and a person’s approach.
Cite this Adlerian Theory of Unity of Personality
Adlerian Theory of Unity of Personality. (2016, Dec 10). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/adlerian-theory/