The Bobo doll experiment was the name of two experiments conducted by Albert Bandura in 1961 and 1963 studying patterns of behavior associated with aggression. The Bobo Doll used in the experiment is an inflatable toy that is roughly the same size as a young child. Bandura hoped that the experiments would prove that aggression can be explained, at least in part, by social learning theory.
The theory of social learning would state that behavior such as aggression is learned through observing and imitating others.
The experiments are important because it sparked many more studies on the effects of violent media on children.In the experiment, children were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group was exposed to a video of a woman attacking a Bobo doll, while the other groups of children were not exposed to any video.
Bandura wanted to measure how many aggressive acts a child would commit after being exposed to someone else eliciting this kind of negative behavior.
Bandura then placed each child, one by one, in a room with several toys, including a Bobo doll. He observed that the children who watched the video did not play with any other toys except for the Bobo doll, and they also imitated the same aggressive behavior the woman did in the video.Moreover, this experiment shows that children are likely to imitate a behavior whether it is a positive or negative behavior.
The subjects studied in the experiment involved 36 boys and 36 girls from the Stanford University Nursery School ranged between the ages of 3 and 6. The total of 72 children was split into 3 groups of 24. One group was put into an aggressive model scenario with half of that group observing a same-sex adult model and half observing a different-sex adult model. Another group was exposed to a non-aggressive adult model and the final group would be used as a control group and would not be exposed to any adult model at all.
The children were pre-selected and sorted to ensure an even spread of personality types across the test groups. Some of these children were already known to be more aggressive than others. Aggressive adult model scenario (24 children) Same-sex adult model Different-sex adult model Non-aggressive adult model (24 children) Same-sex adult model Different-sex adult model Control Group (24 children) For the experiment, each child was exposed to the scenario individually, so as not to be influenced or distracted by classmates. The irst part of the experiment involved bringing a child and the adult model into a playroom.
In the playroom, the child was seated in one corner filled with highly appealing activities such as stickers and stamps. The adult model was seated in another corner containing a toy set, a mallet, and an inflatable Bobo doll. Before leaving the room, the experimenter explained to the child that the toys in the adult corner were only for the adult to play with. During the aggressive model scenario, the adult would begin by playing with the toys for approximately one minute.
After this time the adult begins to show aggression towards the Bobo doll. Examples of this include hitting the Bobo doll and using the toy mallet to hit the Bobo doll in the face. After a period of about 10 minutes, the experimenter came back into the room, dismissed the adult model, and took the child into another playroom. The non-aggressive adult model simply played with the small toys for the entire 10 minute-period.
In this situation, the Bobo doll was completely ignored by the model then the child was taken out of the room.The next stage placed the child and experimenter into another room filled with interesting toys: a truck, dolls, and spinning top. There, the child was invited to play with the toys. After about 2 minutes the experimenter decides that the child is no longer allowed to play with the toys.
This was done to build up frustration. The experimenter says that the child may play with the toys in the experimental room including both aggressive and non-aggressive toys. In the experimental room the child was allowed to play for the duration of 20 minutes while the experimenter evaluated the child’s play.The first measure recorded was based on physical aggression.
This included punching or kicking the Bobo doll, sitting on the Bobo doll, hitting it with a mallet, and tossing it around the room. Verbal aggression was the second measure recorded. The judges counted each time the children imitated the aggressive adult model and recorded their results. The third measure was the amount of times the mallet was used to display other forms of aggression than hitting the doll.
The final measure includes modes of aggression shown by the child that were not direct imitation of the role-model’s behavior.Referencehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobo_doll_experiment
Cite this Behavior Associated With Aggression: Bobo Doll
Behavior Associated With Aggression: Bobo Doll. (2017, May 02). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/bobo-doll-2/