Camel Rating System of Banking

Read Summary

In 1994, the RBI established the Board of Financial Supervision (BFS) to strengthen supervision of the financial system by integrating oversight of the activities of financial services firms. The BFS has established a sub-committee to examine auditing practices quality and coverage. In 1995, the RBI set up a working group to review the banking supervision system, which recommended a rating system for domestic and foreign banks based on the international CAMELS model. CAMELS evaluates banks on six parameters: capital adequacy, asset quality, management, earnings, liquidity, and systems and control. Each parameter is weighted on a scale of 1 to 100 and contains sub-parameters with individual weightages.

Table of Content

The RBI established the Board of Financial Supervision (BFS) in 1994 as a division, but it has undergone restructuring to improve the stability of the financial system. The BFS now has regulatory authority over all aspects of the financial system, except for capital market institutions and insurance. Its goal is to enhance oversight by integrating supervisory efforts and strengthening financial service firms.

The BFS has created a sub-committee to regularly assess auditing practices, quality, and coverage. In 1995, RBI formed a working group led by Shri S. Padmanabhan to evaluate the banking supervision system. The Committee made specific suggestions, which led to the implementation of a rating system for domestic and foreign banks. This rating system is based on the international CAMELS model, which combines financial management and systems and control elements. It was introduced for the inspection cycle starting in July 1998.

The banks should be rated on a five point scale (A to E) as recommended. This rating should be based on the lines of the international CAMELS rating model. CAMELS evaluates banks on six parameters:

  • Capital Adequacy :Capital adequacy is measured by the ratio of capital to risk-weighted assets (CRAR). A sound capital base strengthens confidence of depositors
  • Asset Quality : One of the indicators for asset quality is the ratio of non-performing loans to total loans (GNPA). The gross non-performing loans to gross advances ratio is more indicative of the quality of credit decisions made by bankers. Higher GNPA is indicative of poor credit decision-making.
  • Management : The ratio of non-interest expenditures to total assets (MGNT) can be one of the measures to assess the working of the management. . This variable, which includes a variety of expenses, such as payroll, workers compensation and training investment, reflects the management policy stance.
  • Earnings : It can be measured as the the return on asset ratio.
  • Liquidity : Cash maintained by the banks and balances with central bank, to total asset ratio (LQD) is an indicator of bank’s liquidity. In general, banks with a larger volume of liquid assets are perceived safe, since these assets would allow banks to meet unexpected withdrawals.

Systems and Control: Each of the six parameters mentioned above is assigned a weight on a scale of 1 to 100, and each parameter consists of several sub-parameters with their own respective weights.

Cite this page

Camel Rating System of Banking. (2018, Jun 19). Retrieved from

Remember! This essay was written by a student

You can get a custom paper by one of our expert writers

Order custom paper Without paying upfront