NCFE Level 2 Certificate in Equality and Diversity
Unit 1: Exploring Equality and Diversity
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1. What is meant by diversity?
Diversity is the differences between people, and varieties of lifestyles and cultures within our society.
2. Describe the community you live in. Highlight some of the variations you may observe in terms of: Interests
Personal, social and cultural identities.
The community in which we live is a varied and diverse one, with many people not only sharing many similarities but also many differences.
Each person has many qualities making them individual. Within my local community, there are many such variations with the people living within it. For example, the hobbies/leisure interests of the community vary to extremes; many such as myself enjoy using the local gym during our free time, where others prefer to make use of the local pub.
In Tamworth there is a very wide range in age groups, beginning with those young children in the currently overcrowded schools, the very busy college and training facilities with teenagers and the increasing need for social care with our elderly community.
Extended families now play a vital role within society today, many of us parents within my local area choosing to raise our children within a close proximity to our own parents and family, spending longer amounts of time together than before. The extended family seems to have grown more important to us as employment and the need for help with childcare increases.
Although we have a diverse cultural and religious community, no public festivals tend to be held. There is a shared respect for our differing beliefs and this has helped this community to live harmoniously together.
Each person has their own interests, likes and dislikes. These are often shared with one or two others within a social group, making these interests part of a shared identity. However, when there are differences of interests respect and understanding of these differences must be upheld in order to live peacefully.
Every person has their own beliefs, be it religious or lack of religion. These are very personal and held of high esteem by each individual. With the diverse cultures and many different religions within our society now, we have learned to understand and celebrate each different religion. Lack of understanding of some religions/ beliefs leads to bullying, stereotyping and at times, war.
With people now living a lot longer than before, the age variation within our community is huge. Whilst there are numerous teens on the streets in gangs,
there are also just as many older people too. This older generation tends to judge the teens as being thugs, up to no good, lazy layabouts. This is a very broad stereotype based on things they may have seen or heard in the media. Respect for all, no matter what the age is essential for this society to get along.
With this being a very open and broadminded society, we find now that people are being open with their lifestyles where they tended to hide them away before. A wider understanding of differences in sexual orientation, transgender, goth, economic background for example and how each would affect peoples quality of life is now apparent, making our community a much more diverse, friendly, comfortable place to be.
With the amount of diversity now within our community, social groups are enlarged, multicultural and full of much more variety than before. We learn new skills, new beliefs, have a much stronger awareness and respect for others opinions and backgrounds with the wider cultural links within our social groups. A shared group identity becomes less important and is replaced by respect for others differences.
3. Explain how the variations in question 2 contribute to the diversity of the community.
Some ways in which groups contribute to diversity are:
Different hobbies/interests to others;
These hobbies/interests can be shared with friends and family, maybe even with other generations, increasing the knowledge and understanding of some which others may not have understood before, therefore increasing popularity of some of these.
Different beliefs generating either from age groups, country of origin or ethnic background Within society, there are now many different places of worship, allowing for different faiths to be able to practice their own
religion. With these varied places of worship, such as C of E churches, Catholic churches, Sikh temples and Mosques for example, it brings a broader range of knowledge and understanding into other beliefs.
Age range of society being much broader
With people having children sooner and elderly living longer, this has led to a wider age range within society. This can be beneficial, as some hobbies/interests which may have skipped generations may be taught to a younger age group. For example, my grandmother and mom enjoyed knitting, this skill never held any interest for me and passed me by. However this skill is now being taught to and enjoyed by my own children from their nan.
Different lifestyles – economic background, gender, sexual orientation Society is now very broad in the respect of lifestyle. With a broad gap in the economic backgrounds of people brings a wider range of knowledge (with those who have more money being able to access further education much easier). Gender tends to not hold as much of a difference in society now as it used to, with many women holding same jobs as men, increasing the opinion that we are all basically the same. Sexual orientation is now not as hidden away as it used to be, this has lead for a much greater understanding and acceptance to same sex couples than ever before. Though it seems there are more same sex couples now, this isn’t the case. With acceptance of gay partnerships, people now feel more confident and comfortable being able to live openly in society without having to hide their sexuality.
Personal/social/cultural differences – way of life for each individual is different With everyone living different lifestyles, be it social in their hobbies and interests, personal in the way they choose to live or culturally with their religion or beliefs, each person has the right to live and enjoy their lives in the best way for themselves. The differences between people make for a very varied but much more interesting and working society.
These differences should be respected and understood to create a peaceful way of life.
4. Give some examples to explain how diversity:
Enhances your life
Enhances the local community
Enhances this country.
Ways in which diversity can enhance my life
Wider range of friendships
New cooking styles/techniques
Knowledge and understanding of other cultures/lifestyles
Enhances local community
Wider range of friendships
New cooking styles
Knowledge and understanding of other cultures/beliefs
Understanding and tolerance of differences in others
Different language patterns
Enhances the country
Wider range for friendships/relationships
Knowledge and understanding of other lifestyles, ethnic backgrounds, cultures Broader range of languages
Wider range of food/cooking/trading
Wider range of products and services
Broader range of experiences
5. Describe what it means to respect people’s differences and why it is important to respect differences.
To respect peoples differences means to begin to understand them and tolerate if not agree with them.
Whilst within society there are many similarities between people and it is much easier to accept those who are similar to yourself, within a diverse community such as this, tolerance and respect is essential for a peaceful environment. To accept others for their differences encourages others to
also accept you for who you are.
When these differences cause people to behave unpleasantly or illegally then people could become harmed. This is why respecting differences and the right to be different is essential.
6. For a person you know, describe the individual factors that make him / her who they are.
Likes and dislikes
Likes pop music
Likes being outdoors
Dislikes rock music
Values and beliefs
Values family life
Right to life
7. Describe yourself in terms of:
Religion / culture
Spending time with my family
Socialising and meeting new people
Learning new skills
Christian though doesn’t attend church
Active member of the community
Born and bred in Tamworth within the midlands.
West midlands dialect
Close links to motorways and railways
8. What is meant by having multiple identities? Give three examples in relation to people you know.
With each person having many different characteristics that define them, it becomes easy for others to define you based upon one or more of your
characteristics. These become apparent upon different social situations you are in. It is these different characteristics and definitions of such that give people their multiple identities.
My father being a work colleague
Also being a dad
Has the role of husband too.
My daughter’s teacher holds the identity of teacher
He also holds the role of husband
Also holds the identity of son.
My brother holds the identity of sales manager
Also holds the identity of uncle
Also is a son.
9. What is meant by shared identity?
A shared identity is where there is a shared characteristic in common with other people.
10. Explain and give examples of how an individual can identify themselves as belonging to a number of different groups.
People identify themselves in a number of ways. These include: Personal interests
For example, if there is a shared identity within a social group which involves any of the above, such as being from the same local area, this
would make a person feel as though they belong in that group. Yet also, this same person could have a shared interest in going to the gym, therefore the people they use the gym with would also feel like a group in which that person belongs.
Shared interests make people feel more comfortable, like they have more in common and that they belong to any group in which their identities can be shared.
11. Describe yourself in terms of your multiple identities.
Within my life so far I have held multiple identities.
Starting out with when I was born, I become a DAUGHTER, SISTER and GRANDAUGHTER. Growing up I became a FRIEND and SCHOOL MATE.
After which I then held the identity of COLLEAGUE, then AUNT, WIFE, then MOTHER. Following this I then also held the identity of TEACHING ASSISTANT, COURTNEYS MOM, KIANAS MOM and DIONES MOM.
I hold all these identities, though dependant on what social situation I am in depends on which identity becomes more important. Such as when I am in school my identity of TEACHING ASSISTANT comes to the fore, yet when I am with my children my identity as MOM becomes more important.
12. What is meant by stereotyping and labelling?
Stereotyping is when others focus on one of a persons characteristics and they over generalise the opinions on that characteristic, whether the view be true or not. This then leads to labelling.
Labelling is a way of describing a person, usually based upon the original stereotype, in a mainly negative manner.
Though some stereotypes and labels may be made in a positive manner, they are still perceived as negative as they are generalised and not always based upon truth.
13. Explain why some people stereotype others.
Stereotypes occur from a lack of knowledge, understand and respect for other genders, cultures, ways of life, ages and sexual preference.
For example, women used to be stereotyped within our society as being less able, not capable of learning, and much less intelligent than men. Further examples of stereotypes include: Pensioners viewing all teenagers as yobbish, with no manners, no respect and all hanging around in gangs Teenagers viewing elderly as having no manners, expecting respect without giving back, old, frail and easy to scare
People feel the need to stereotype for different reasons. Some of these reasons are so they can make quick sense of the world (make snap decisions about people or a situation without having to think things through), to fit in (when their family or friends hold prejudices and stereotype so they agree with it to fit in) and to make social comparisons.
At times this need to stereotype can meet the needs of an individual, such as an elderly person avoiding a teenager because of the stereotypes, though the stereotype may be factually wrong.
14. Provide two examples of the damaging effects that stereotyping and labelling can have on people.
Following on from the above example of the older stereotypes on women, this would have been damaging in the way that women would start to believe the labels, therefore wouldn’t feel able to try to learn, would feel less self worth and would have low expectations of themselves.
Stereotypes also lead to conflict between people. For example, the elderly view teenagers as being thugs, good for nothing layabouts. When they make these views known, teenagers rather than try to change the opinion, acts the way these older people expect, therefore justifying the original stereotype
whether it was right or wrong. This then reinforces the original view, causing conflict between these age groups in our society.
15. Provide at least two examples of the way stereotyping is perpetuated in society.
One example would be, going back to the teenagers, if a young lady was walking to her local shops in the dark, if she encounters a group of teenagers/hoodies, she would feel ill at ease and threatened. Although if this same lady encountered a group of elderly people instead, she would feel much more at ease. This perpetuates the theory that teenagers wearing hoodies are thugs, though that may not necessarily have been true.
Another view, these teenagers may view the elderly as being rude, expecting respect from the younger generation without giving the same back. An example of this would be where a teenage boy holds a door open for an elderly gentleman who is leave a building. Fully expecting a thank you for his time, the teenager smiles and wishes the man a nice day. Perpetuating the original views, this elderly gentleman walks through the door grumbling about the youth of today instead of thanking him and wishing him a nice day back.
These stereotypes unfortunately continue to exist because of the learned behaviour being passed from generation to generation, peers sharing their views (and the continual need to fit in) and these views and opinions can also be found in local and national media. It is when these stereotypes are so widely accepted and been around so long that people tend to look upon them as being fact and true, without demanding proof. This perpetuates to stereotype and it continues down to the next generation in society.
16. Define prejudice and discrimination.
Prejudice is an unfair or unreasonable view that people form about others without having any grounds or knowledge to base it on.
Discrimination is when others treat another person or group differently, in a negative way, just because of one or more characteristics they have.
17. Explain how people may develop prejudices.
There are a number of ways in which people develop prejudices. For example:
In this way, prejudices are learned from either family or friends. These prejudices will have been encountered in some form or another on a daily basis, and may even have been encountered in the media, be it through TV or newspapers. As these prejudices will have been encountered so often and will have been prevalent within this person’s lifetime, it makes it almost impossible to question or challenge it.
If a person has a powerful experience of some nature with a particular group then this becomes generalised to encompass all within that same kind of group. Its usually caused by a negative experience, and though it may be sensible to distrust this experience, it is wrong to over generalise and categorise all in the same manner.
18. Describe the following types of discrimination.
Type of discrimination
Where there is direct discrimination on 2 grounds:
e.g. from gender and disability
from race and gender
from sexual preference and gender
When people having several aspects of identity that can make them a target of discrimination or prejudice: e.g. a black gay transgender person may
experience homophobia, racism and
When there is practice of giving an advantage of some kind to groups in society that usually experience prejudice and discrimination, in a way to form some equality and balance. e.g. An individual from the EU gaining a
job within the UK as they were more
qualified in a bid to make the UK a
more equal society, can be viewed as
they gain the position over those just
as qualified who are UK residents
purely because they were from the
Discrimination arising out of disability
People with disabilities, those with either physical or mental impairment which affect the ability to carry out normal activities, find themselves prone to discrimination. It has, until recently, been an excuse to deprive them of opportunities that would enhance their qualities of life. Now organisations and individuals are required to carry out adjustment to make sure those with disabilities have fair access to: Work
Discrimination by association
This is where people are discriminated against because of an association with another person. e.g. Discrimination because of the race
of their partner if its different to their
The person being harassed isn’t discriminated against through any of their own characteristics, but purely because of the race/religion of the partner.
19. What is meant by the term protected characteristics?
This is where key areas are specified where discrimination may occur, and its being sought out how to legally protect those people who would suffer discrimination. The protected characteristics are as follows: Age
Marriage and civil partnership
Pregnancy and maternity
Religion or belief (or lack of belief)
20. What is the difference between direct and indirect discrimination? Give two examples to illustrate your point.
Direct discrimination occurs when a person is treated less favourably than others. This is where there is no difference in circumstance and the reason for being discriminated against is due to a personal characteristic of that person.
E.G: Paying a woman less than a man in the workplace
Denying a person access to buildings/services because they’re gay
Indirect discrimination is when rules which are applied to everyone results in a person/people are being put at a disadvantage.
E.G: Offering services at limited times that would clash with religious observance Applying restrictions that may disadvantage more women than men, such as not allowing children into a building with the mother.
21. Describe the effects that discrimination and prejudice can have on people.
The effects of discrimination and prejudice can be most harmful within society. It causes people to live a far lower quality of life than should be expected. Examples of such effects are: Bing killed due to race/nationality/religion
Physical attacks and verbal abuse
Denial of legal rights
Denial of education, jobs and opportunities
Being treated like second class citizens
People beginning to accept negative views of themselves
More conflict, less harmonious society
Society becomes built upon hatred and contempt.
Discrimination strips people of the qualities that make them individual and strips them down into a one dimensional character. This makes it far too easy to inflict pain and suffering, which makes discrimination and prejudice so dangerous.
22. Describe what equal opportunities means in relation to:
EQUAL OPPORTUN ITIES means to have the same access to things that influence quality of life and life prospects.
If someone is denied the right to learn, this makes them less able to access certain jobs, earn money and follow interests. Education should now be universally available for all, ensuring equal opportunities and challenges discrimination. It doesn’t mean that everybody has the “same” education, but all are given the opportunity to learn. Such as, there are schools that
cater for certain religions and some that are same sex. The restrictions on these schools are obvious, however there is plenty of education provision elsewhere.
To be denied appropriate housing can be detrimental to a person’s quality of life. Public, social and private housing is no longer allowed to be allocated on the grounds of discrimination. It used to be that landlords could specify what race or ethnic group could live in their property. This is no longer the case, giving everyone equal access to this housing.
Health and Social Care providers have a responsibility not to discriminate against anyone. They are not allowed to refuse treatment on grounds of things such as sexual orientation or race. Treatments are prioritised purely on medical or social conditions alone. In this way everyone has equal opportunities to get the health or social care they need. Sensitivity to the needs of certain groups must also be upheld when being treated.
Discrimination affects employment on many levels. It can influence things such as employment selection, treatment in work and training and promotion. Legislation now prevents much of this and encourages equal opportunities at work in such cases as, men being promoted above women, unfair treatment due to sexual preference, ethnic differences and equal pay.
23. Outline the inequality problems that persist in terms of pay for men and women.
The most obvious forms of inequality in pay between men and women are still that men are being paid far more money than women for doing exactly the same job and men are still being placed in the highest paid jobs above women who are just as qualified and able.
24. Identify and briefly describe two other signs of inequality.
The Equal Pay Act 1970 was legislation intended to put an end to discrimination. This wanted pay to be based on ability and not on gender. The Human Rights commission have found that even now, women are paid on average 16.4% less than men.
There is a large inequality in pay dependent on the geographical area people live and work. Those in London for example, earn a much higher wage for the same job as a person living within the Midlands. This is said to be due to the higher cost of living. This makes for a huge inequality within our society.
Also there is a larger gap now between the highest and lowest earners in the UK. Whilst the minimum wage has increased slightly, the higher paid jobs have been increased dramatically. This increases the inequalities and in effect pushes the lower paid more towards poverty. The qualities of lives between these two classes of people differ greatly, and this does not lead to equal opportunities in our communities.
Within the local community there is a large inequality in the way disabled people are treated in comparison to those who are more able bodied. For example, there are still many buildings/ industries that do not cater for those in wheelchairs, therefore not allowing them access and discriminating those who need to use them. There are still places where toilets are upstairs with no lift for the disabled to use to gain access, and also where there are steps at the front of premises. This needs to be addressed in order for this community to be a more equal one for all.
In the wider community there lies a very large inequality with health care and treatments, with the larger and highest paid communities receiving higher care and easier access to treatment to those in smaller, lower paid communities. This is where the term postcode lottery stemmed from. Inequalities as this needs to be rectified, no person should be refused certain treatments or care because of where they live, this should be equal for all to receive.
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Cite this Equality and Diversity Level 2 Unit 1
Equality and Diversity Level 2 Unit 1. (2016, Jul 05). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/equality-and-diversity-level-2-unit-1/