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Mr Short, his sister, his son, and his daughter are fond of golf and often play together. The following statements are true of their foursome. • 1) The best player’s twin and the worst player are of the opposite sex. • 2) The best player and the worst player are the same age. • Which one of the foursome is the best player? • In a certain flight crew, the positions of pilot, co-pilot, and flight engineer are held by three persons, Allen, Brown, and Carr, though not necessarily in that order. The co-pilot, who is an only child, earns the least • Carr, who married Brown’s sister, earns more than the pilot. • What position does each of the three persons hold? • In a certain mythical community, politicians never tell the truth, and non-politicians always tell the truth. A stranger meets three natives, and asks the first of them, “Are you a politician? ” The first native answers the question. The second native then reports that the first native denied being a politician.
The third native says that the first native is a politician. • How many of these natives are politicians? • In a certain mythical community, politicians never tell the truth, and non politicians always tell the truth. A stranger meets three natives, and asks them, “How many of you are politicians? ” The first native replies, “We are all politicians. ” The second native says’ “No just two of us are politicians. The third native says, “That isn’t true either. • Is the third native a politician?