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Informative Speech Outline – Harm Reduction

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Introduction opening device – Alcohol, cocaine, meth, heroin… Most of you probably meet the mention of these substances with an emphatic no, but to some people, this means their life and their sanity. thesis – Harm reduction is one of many models of substance abuse treatment which is a holistic approach that focuses on reducing the harms associated with drug use and less focus is placed on the lofty goal of abstinence. Main Points – I will discuss the general theory of harm reduction and its principles, its criticisms, and alternate treatment models for substance abuse.

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Body General theory of harm reduction and its principles group of policies and programs Canadian Center on Substance Abuse – Principles focus on harms pragmatism humanistic values priority of immediate goals Jim Zelaya-Wagner – harm reduction triangle Criticisms International Harm Reduction Association – two main criticisms keeps addicts stuck ex. methadone maintenance treatment promotes drug use many factors shape decisions to use fundamental feature of HR is harm Alternate treatment models twelve-step of AA onest relationship with themselves and others, and also a connection to a power greater than themselves main goal: abstinence three key components for sobriety what is the problem? addiction – step 1 What’s the solution? sought through the acceptance of a greater power that can restore us to sanity – step 2 step 3 – take action to recover most widely used and attendance positively correlated with abstinence biggest problem is the rejection of a higher power medicine antidepressants widespread use psychological dependence pre existing conditions ethadone – physical and psychological symptoms of withdrawal recommended as a holistic approach Conclusion Summary – Harm reduction is just one of many approaches to addiction treatment that has shown great success in reducing the harms associated with drug use.

While nothing goes without its critics, harm reduction has made a place for itself and its more lax approach is something I believe we can all relate to. Closing Device – At the end of the day, abstinence would be the best, but harm reduction could be considered a little more realistic knowing how hard it is to kick a habit for good as the 50-90% relapse rate shows.

I’ve been fortunate to have seen people that have really made it, and how thankful they were for their sessions at Laguna Honda. References Hunt, N, Ashton, M, Lenton S, Mitcheson L, Nelles B, Stimson, G. (2003) A review of the evidence-base for harm reduction approaches to drug use. London: Forward Thinking on Drugs. http://www. ihra. net/files/2010/05/31/HIVTop50Documents11. pdf#page36 Angres, D, Bettinardi-Angres, K. (2008) The Disease of Addiction: Origins, Treatment, and Recovery. http://www. reshealth. rg/pdfs/subsites/addiction/the_disease_of_addiction. pdf Clark, J. How Addiction Works http://science. howstuffworks. com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/addiction4. htm Introduction opening device – Alcohol, cocaine, meth, heroin… Most of you probably meet the mention of these substances with an emphatic no, but to some people, this means their life and their sanity. I’ve been working at Laguna Honda Hospital here in San Francisco with their substance abuse department and part of my job is to help facilitate group therapy meetings.

I have had the pleasure of meeting and hearing stories from some of the most inspirational people. People that have gone through hell and back and have seen things that you can only imagine in movies. Their only downfall, and something you can’t entirely blame them for, is their substance abuse. Many of the people I’m in contact with have ended up in Laguna Honda Hospital because of a medical or mental condition due to their substance abuse. They are encouraged or required to attend group and/or individual therapy as part of their recovery.

Laguna Honda follows a harm reduction approach to their substance abuse therapy treatment where attendees are educated on how to minimize the harms their drug use can cause. Harm reduction is one of many models of substance abuse treatment which is a holistic approach that focuses on reducing the harms associated with drug use and less focus is placed on the lofty goal of abstinence. I will discuss the general theory of harm reduction and its principles, its criticisms, and alternate treatment models for substance abuse. Body

General theory of harm reduction and its principles group of policies and programs aimed at reducing the harms associated with risky behavior; can be applied to drug use, needle exchange programs, or prostitution Canadian Center on Substance Abuse – Principles focus on harms pragmatism humanistic values priority of immediate goals Jim Zelaya-Wagner harm reduction triangle – helps those in treatment to consider how their drug of choice effects both their health, and also the individual’s social and emotional life Criticisms

IHRA (International Harm Reduction Association) outlines two main criticisms keeps addicts stuck – enables drug use and promotes the pattern of addiction when otherwise a person might stop after hitting rock bottom which harm reduction prevents ex. methadone maintenance treatment – in comparison to drug-free alternatives, methadone prevents users from hitting rock bottom but has consistently been shown to retain people in treatment and reduce heroin use, in addition to preventing HIV infection, reducing mortality, reducing crime, and is cost-effective promotes drug use – by assisting and elping those who do use drugs to stay alive and healthy, and teaching them how to limit harm and reduce exposure to risk, those who do not use will view drugs as safe and be encouraged to try it substance abuse is multifaceted and this underestimates the many factors that shape people’s decisions to use drugs, not just how safe it may be ignores that a fundamental feature of HR is harm which says that all drug use is potentially harmful but harms can be constrained to some extent Alternate treatment models welve-step of AA encourages those with an addiction problem to have an honest relationship with themselves and others, and also a connection to a power greater than themselves; main goal emphasized is abstinence identifies three key components for sobriety what is the problem? addiction – step 1 What’s the solution? sought through the acceptance of a greater power that can restore us to sanity – step 2 step 3 – take action to recover ost widely used and attendance positively correlated with abstinence biggest problem is the rejection of a higher power medicine antidepressants have most widespread use in addiction treatment address feelings of despair from psychological dependence may also treat pre existing conditions like depression that may have lead to the addiction methadone – to alleviate the physical and psychological symptoms of withdrawal recommended as a holistic approach Conclusion

Summary – Harm reduction is just one of many approaches to addiction treatment that has shown great success in reducing the harms associated with drug use. While nothing goes without its critics, harm reduction has made a place for itself and its more lax approach is something I believe we can all relate to. Closing Device – At the end of the day, abstinence would be the best, but harm reduction could be considered a little more realistic knowing how hard it is to kick a habit for good as the 50-90% relapse rate shows.

Cite this Informative Speech Outline – Harm Reduction

Informative Speech Outline – Harm Reduction. (2016, Nov 20). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/informative-speech-outline-harm-reduction/

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