BONE MARROW DONOR COMPENSATION.
Specific Purpose: To educate my audience about the consequences of bone marrow donor compensation. Central Idea: In order to know the consequences of bone marrow donor compensation, we need to know its advantages and disadvantages. Introduction.
-Have you ever been sick to a point where you needed someone to donate either an organ or body fluid to help cure your illness? – Me neither.
-But it is something that we cannot completely escape from. -If we are not directly involved, a friend or relative is.
-My name is Nicoline Chi. I come from a family with the sickle cells anemia gene, a disease caused by the deformation of the red blood cells, which can be completely cured only by a bone marrow transplant. Statistics have shown that no matter how this disease is managed, if it is not completely cured, most of its patients die before the age of 21 years. -My junior sister and my cousin have this disease, and my family has not been able to cure them because we lack the money to compensate matching blood marrow donors. -Which makes it an area of interest to me.
-That is why I am going to talk to you about Bone marrow donor compensation. Bone marrow donor compensation has become a very important issue not only to the USA, but the world over. -This is because of the rewards and also the dangers which come about as a result. – As such, it is important to know the consequences of this procedure, so as to be able to look for best solutions. -These consequences involve the advantages and disadvantages of bone marrow donor compensation which I am going to talk about in my speech. Body. . 1. Bone marrow donor compensation consist of two phases of events; a voluntary bone ……marrow donation process, followed by donor compensation. a. The Latin Times newspaper explains bone marrow donation procedure as follows:
1)first, Potential marrow donors would sign up with a nonprofit group, like MoreMarrowDonors.org, at the time they register. 2) Then, if called on to donate because the tissue type matches a patient’s (which could be months or years after registering, if ever), A) Donation is scheduled at a hospital with partners with the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP). a) In some cases, the hospital might be near home.
b) In other cases, either the patient or the donor might be asked to travel. B) Compensation is done either financially or by awarding scholarship. a) As concerns compensation,The donors are entitled to either ; 1) a $3,000 college scholarship,
2) a $3,000 housing allowance, or
3) a $3,000 payment to the charity of his or her choice.
(Transition: Now that you know how bone marrow is donated and how the donors are compensated, let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of bone marrow donor compensation.) II) Some people are for the fact that bone marrow donors should be compensated. -These people are more concerned about saving the lives of those who are sick. -They are also interested in rewarding bone marrow donors.
-There also exist another group of people who are strongly against the fact that bone marrow donors should be compensated, given the recent complications which have come up as a result of this procedure. -To these people, it is a matter of safety and ethics.
-They try to maintain patient safety, while preventing exploitation as well. -All of these boil down to the advantages and disadvantages of bone marrow donor compensation. A. The advantages include;
i. Saving the lives of those who are sick. This is by providing a matching bone marrow in time to cure the disease. ii. An example is that of a real life story on the WNDU news channel which reads thus; -“She could have passed away,” said Doreen Flynn whose daughter needed a transplant. – Jordan has a rare genetic blood disorder.
-No one in her family was a match, so Doreen had to rely on a national
registry. -And fortunately after two months of waiting, Jordan did found a match. And she was cured. iii. Another advantage of bone marrow donor compensation is providing income to those who donate their bone marrow. B. On the other hand, the disadvantages are as follows; 1) The NBC news reveals that The NMDP (National Marrow Donation Program) also argues that compensation will: i) limited treatment options,
ii) Divert money from a wider range of patients iii) Decrease the quality of donations.
iv) Skew volunteers’ motivations, perhaps by encouraging them to be less than frank when answering the questions vital to ensuring a match.
2) Another disadvantage is that of contaminated marrow donated by money minded individuals who are attracted by donor compensation. 3) The rich people who can afford this procedure will be the ones getting all the available bone marrow while the poor people will all die. 4) People with a matching bone marrow will decide to become unnecessarily expensive and exploitative, because they know how desperate the patients are. 5) there is too much money spend to compensate donors. i) Jeff Rowes, Senior attorney, Institute for Justice. Says that “ Every year, the federal government spends tens of millions of dollars on programs that match about 5,000 patients with strangers, and thousands of people still die every year for want of a donor.” Conclusion.
-we have seen that before it becomes too late, USA and the world as a whole need to increase their efforts in working on ways to make this bone marrow donor compensation procedure better. -As such, donors will benefit from their compensation while their donated marrow is used to cure the sick. -That way, my sister and cousin will have the opportunity of living a longer life. -Thank you very much for listening.
WORK CITED. –
http://www.volokh.com/2009/11/01/jeff-rowes-guest-blogging-this-week-on-the-bone-marrow-compensation-case/ – http://www.fhcrc.org/en/news/center-news/2012/09/graft-versus-host-disease-risk-in-bone-marrow-transplant-patients.html – http://www.nbcnews.com/health/bone-marrow-donors-may-be-compensated-after-ruling-stands-847448 -http://opinion.latimes.com/opinionla/2011/03/blowback-pay-bone-marrow-donors-give-it-a-shot.html#sthash.CAH9JotF.dpuf – https://www.deletebloodcancer.org