The states had been dependent on England but wanted no more of it. They had beenin fact 13 independent republics, and they wanted no more of that either. No oneknew how the new Constitution would work or how it would effect the freedom ofthe states. Washington was determined to build a real federal government for theUnited States. The new government was launched April 30, 1789, when Washingtontook his oath as president in New York City, the first national capital. In 1792the nation reelected him to a second term.
Washington appointed John Jay aschief justice of the Supreme Court, Edmund Randolph attorney general, ThomasJefferson Secretary of State. General Henry Knox Secretary of War, and AlexanderHamilton took over the Department of the Treasury. He avoided personalfavoritism in his appointments. George organized his Cabinet into an executivecouncil in basically the same structure as it is today. He proceeded with theCabinet and Congress cautiously at the beginning of his presidency. Thegovernment was new and relationships were strained and unsure.
Both theadministration and the legislature were trying the waters of sentiment, testingits own power. One of the first problems he took up was national defense.
“To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preservingpeace,” he said. Another problem was national finance. The government underthe Articles of Confederation was unable to govern largely because it lacked thepower to tax. The Constitution gave this power to certain kinds of property.
Money was soon paid into the treasury, and bills were settled. Congress evenagreed to assume debts incurred by the individual states during the Revolution.
The tasks Washington were credited for were a result of his relationship withthe government he was involved in creating. Througout his presidency Georgeestablished the use of the cabinet, and how to use the governments power withoutoverstepping its bounds. George Washington remains a critcal part of Americanhistory, because he set the precedent for the presidency. The point remains, ifWashington would have made any critical mistakes we may not have the governmentwe have today, there may not have been another president. We owe our success asa country partly to George Washington, for Gods sake he implementedThanksgiving Day as a national holiday.
Cite this Johnny Got A Life
Johnny Got A Life. (2019, Jan 13). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/johnny-got-a-life/