Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and served as governor from 1779 to 1781. Despite facing an investigation during his final year as governor, which was later discredited, he remained sensitive to criticism throughout his life. In 1784, he returned to public service as a trades commissioner and then became the minister after Benjamin Franklin. He accepted the position of secretary of state in 1790. In the 1796 election, he ran for president but narrowly lost to John Adams by three votes, making him vice president instead. During the 1800 election, Jefferson tied with Aaron Burr with both receiving 73 votes each. This led to thirty-five tie votes in the House of Representatives until James Bayard broke the deadlock by voting for Jefferson.
The United States’s third president was inaugurated.
Jefferson is renowned for being the first peaceful transfer of power in the United States. He collaborated with Congress to reform the government based on Republican principles, which prioritized liberty and land ownership as vital elements for nation-building. Jefferson utilized tactics such as trading, negotiating, debating, and making purchases to effectively achieve The Louisiana Purchase.
In 1806, Jefferson began building a new house in a well-known forest. Monticello underwent renovations from 1807 to 1824. In 1825, the University of Virginia was founded. Just one year later, Thomas Jefferson passed away at the age of 83. He had a long and influential life, leading his country with immense ambitions. Ultimately, he is revered as the U.S.’s greatest third president and left an indelible mark on our lives, nation, and history!