Malaysia is a state of enormous cultural diverseness. The multicultural nature of the population—often described as rojak ( a spicy assorted salad ) —goes back a long manner. to the earliest habitation of the Peninsula. Since so. there have been uninterrupted moving ridges of immigrants from virtually all waies. Over clip. increasing inter–ethnic contacts and influences have resulted in a linguist state of ethnicities. faiths. civilizations and traditions. This volume introduces the assorted cultural groups that call Malaysia home—described by anthropologists. historiographers and other specialists—and captures the kernel of the traditions and cultural manifestations of these communities.
As a assorted economic system. Malaysia has elements of a free market economic system but with authorities way. The most influential economic policy to day of the month has been the New Economic Policy. introduced by the authorities in 1971 to cut down cultural instabilities. extinguish poorness and better the economic position of the Bumiputera.
In the eightiess. Malaysia sought to emulate the economic success of Japan and other East Asiatic states. To this terminal. the Look East Policy was adopted to retroflex in Malaysia the work moral principle of these successful economic systems. This policy was followed by the Malaysia Incorporated construct which stressed the importance of cooperation between the public and private sectors in order to guarantee rapid economic growing and national development. To complement these policies. the authorities launched the Denationalization Policy in 1983.
Denationalization was intended to ease economic growing. alleviate the fiscal and administrative load of the authorities. cut down the government’s presence in the economic system. diminish public disbursement and let market forces to regulate economic activities and better efficiency. The policy was besides built-in to the government’s scheme of recognizing active engagement by Bumiputera in the corporate sector.
In 1991. the purpose of Vision 2020. viz. . to accomplish developed state position by that twelvemonth. was announced. The model for this was laid out in the National Development and National Vision Policies.
In 2002. the authorities launched the K-economy Master Plan. The maestro program articulated the agencies of developing a knowledge-based economic system to progress the country’s economic growing.