Philippine Music: The Harana or Kundiman

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Kulintang refers to a racked gong chime instrument played in the southern islands of the Philippines, along with its varied accompanying ensembles. Percussive bossed gong ensembles without a melodical gong rack, known as Agung, are played throughout most of the islands by indigenous groups (such as the Mangyan, Lumad, Batak, Tagbanwa and Aeta) as well as historically by low-land groups such as the Bisaya, Bicol and Tagalog, yet the kulintang ensembles themselves are only played by groups which were Islamized and engaged in international trade with its neighbors in Southeast Asia.

The kulintang instrument itself could be traced to either the introduction of gongs to Southeast Asia from China from before the 10th century CE, or more likely, to the introduction of bossed gong chimes from Java in the 15th century. Nevertheless the kulintang ensemble is the most advanced form of music from before the late 16th century and the legacy of Hispanization in the Philippine archipelago. Harana and Kundiman

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The Harana or Kundiman is a lyrical song made popular in the Philippine Islands, which dates back to the Spanish period. Composed in the Mexican-Spanish tradition, the music is characterized by a minor key at the beginning and shifts to a major key in the second half. Its lyrics depict a romantic theme, usually portraying love, passion, or sadness. In other styles of the Harana or Kundiman tradition, the music is based on a love story. Almost all traditional Philippine love songs in this genre are portrayed with poetic emotion.

In the 1920s Harana or Kundiman became a much more mainstream musical style, with many popular performers including Diomedes Maturan, and Ruben Tagalog singing in Harana or Kundiman style. In this period Nicanor Abelardo popularized the kundiman by composing lovely and harmonic songs Carinosa The Carinosa (meaning loving or affectionate one), is a Philippine national dance from the Maria Clara suite of Philippine folk dances, where the fan, and handkerchief plays an instrument role as it places the couple in romance scenario.

The dance is similar to the Jarabe Tapatio. The Carinosa is accompanied with Hispanic music, and language. Tinikling The Tinikling is a Philippine dance which involves two individual performers hitting bamboo poles, using them to beat, tap, and slide on the ground, and against each other in co-ordination with one or more dancers who steps over, and in between poles. Rondalla The Rondalla is performed on ensembles comprising mandolin instruments of various sizes called bandurria composed on the Iberian tradition.

Other instruments including guitars, is also performed. OPM (Original Pilipino Music) Original Pilipino Music, now more commonly termed Original Pinoy Music or Original Philippine Music, (frequently abbreviated to OPM) originally referred only to Philippine pop songs, especially those in the ballad form, such as songs popularized in the 1970s through the present by major commercial Philippine pop music artists like Pilita Corrales,Nora Aunor, VST & Co. , Ryan Cayabyab, Basil Valdez, Eraserheads, Freddie Aguilar, Rey Valera,Jose Mari Chan and APO Hiking Society.

In the passage of time as well as the development of many diverse and alternative musical styles in the Philippines, however, the term OPM now refers to any type of Original Philippine Music created in the Philippines or composed by individuals of Philippine extraction, regardless of location at the time when composed. The lyrics may be in any Philippine languages or dialect. However, certain exceptions do exist, wherein foreign songs by foreign composers created specifically to be performed by Filipino singers are treated as OPMs as well.

Multiculturalism advocates, and federalists often connect this to the Tagalog cultural hegemony of the capital city of Manila. Despite the growing clamor for non-Tagalog, and non-English music, and greater representations of other Philippine languages; the local Philippine music industry, which is located in Manila, is still sceptical in making investments. Some of their major reasons include the language barrier, the still-small market, and the demonization of regionalism in the Philippine Islands. Up until the 1970s, popular rock music began writing and producing in English.

In the early 1970s, rock music began to be written using local languages, with bands like the Juan Dela Cruz Band being among the first popular bands to do so. Mixing Tagalog, and English lyrics were also popularly used within the same song, in songs like “Ang Miss Universe Ng Buhay Ko,” by the band Hotdogs which helped innovate the Manila sound. The mixing of the two languages (known as “Taglish”), while common in casual speech in the Philippines, was seen as a bold move, but the success of Taglish in popular songs, including Sharon Cuneta’s first hit, “Mr DJ,” broke the barrier forevermore.

Philippine rock musicians added folk music, and other influences, helping to lead to the 1978 breakthrough success of Freddie Aguilar. Aguilar’s “Anak” (Child), his debut recording, is the most commercially successful Filipino recording, and was popular throughout Asia, and Europe, and has been translated into numerous language by singers worldwide. Asin also broke into the music scene at the same period, and were popular. Folk-rock became the Philippine protest music of the 1980s, and Aguilar’s “Bayan Ko” (My Country) became popular as an anthem during the 1986 EDSA Revolution.

At the same time, a counterculture rejected the rise of politically focused lyrics. In Manila, a punk rock scene developed, led by bands like Betrayed, The Jerks, and Urban Bandits. The influence of New Wave was also felt during these years, spearheaded by The Dawn. 1990s saw the emergence of a superstar pop-rock group, the Eraserheads, considered by many Philippine nationals as the number one group in the Philippine recording scene.

In the wake of their success was the emergence of a string of influential Filipino rock bands such as Yano, Siakol, Parokya ni Edgar, and Rivermaya, each of which mixes the influence of a variety of rock subgenres into their style. Today, the Philippine Islands exhibits western style music, producing notable bands such as Pupil, Hale, Sponge Cola, Callalily, Chicosci, Bamboo, Silent Sanctuary, Rocksteddy, Kjwan, Kamikazee, Cueshe, Itchyworms, Imago, The Ambassadors, Moonstar 88, Faspitch,and Urbandub, and the emergence of its first virtual band, Mistula.

Filipino hip-hop is hip hop music performed by musicians of Filipino descent, both in the Philippines, and overseas, especially by Filipino-Americans. This article focuses first on Filipino hip-hop in the Philippines, and secondly on that in the USA. The Philippines is known to have had the first hip-hop music scene in Asia[1] since the early 1980s, largely due to the country’s historical connections with the United States where hip-hop was originated. Rap music released in the Philippines has appeared in different languages or dialects such as Tagalog,

Chavacano, Cebuano, Ilocano and English. In the Philippines, Francis M and Andrew E. are cited as the most influential rappers in the country, being the first to release mainstream rap albums. In the USA, Apl. de. ap of the Black Eyed Peas, Cassie Ventura and Chad Hugo of The Neptunes and N. E. R. D are cited as the most successful Filipino-Americans in the music industry. Music of Bahrain The music of Bahrain is part of the pan-Gulf khaleeji folk traditions. It is also known (alongside Kuwait) for sawt music, a bluesy genre influenced by African, Indian and Persian music.

Sultan Hamid, Ali Bahar and Khalid al Shaikh (a singer and oud player) are among the most popular musicians from Bahrain. Bahraini hip hop is also an important part of the music of Bahrain, which has produced performers like DJ Outlaw. Bahrain’s #1 hiphop entertainment and probably in thePersian Gulf is iGrind which consists of the Persian Gulf’s #1 rapper and hip hop’s ambassador: Hotline, the #1 arab rapper in the world: DBoy and the young phenomenal rapper: Moneymar. The band Bahraini Osiris has achieved some international renown since the 1980s with its style of progressive rock, most recently including elements of Bahraini folk music.

There is also a strong heavy metal and Hard rock community in the country, with many groups writing and performing original and cover songs. Noteworthy bands in the history of the community include Hard rock outfit Dive, thrash metal band Motor Militia, Experimental metal band’s The Mushroom Massacre and Thee Project. In addition, there are a number of groups whose pages can be found on MySpace—notably, black metal band Smouldering In Forgotten and Shadow Arson(www. myspace. om/shadowxarson), comedy metal band Screw me sideways, melodic metalcore band Eternal Calamity, melodic death metal band An Undergoing Tragedy, alternative emotional metal band [[Severd] and Doom Death Melodic metal band Doomshed. There are also a handful of other bands in the country, such as Backtorn, Illusions, and Broken Skulls. Moreover there are also some indie rock bands these include ‘The Frets’ www. myspace. com/thefretsbh also there are solo artists such as Ed Pringle who plays alternative (www. myspace. com/edpringle) and many more.

There is a website showcasing all upcoming musicians in Bahrain, called (http://www. BahrainTalent. com), which is focused on giving mostly underground artists exposure. Modern music institutions in Bahrain include the Bahrain Music Institute, the Bahrain Orchestra and the Classical Institute of Music. The Bahraini male-only pearl diving tradition is known for the songs called fidjeri. Liwa and Fann at-Tanbura are types of music and dance performed mainly in communities which contain descendants of East Africans. Hind is a popular new singer from Bahrain who just released her new album called “El Ghroub” on the Rotana label.

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Philippine Music: The Harana or Kundiman. (2017, Feb 15). Retrieved from

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