Homeless Outline I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Imagine all the events that occurred in your life today. You woke up from your warm bed, took a shower, got dressed, went to either school, work, or both. Then you came home, had dinner, and went to sleep. These are all basic needs, basic needs that many people in the United States today don’t have. Most people would agree that a day like this is fairly ordinary. Shelter, clothes, food, education, and family are all things that we usually take for granted and things that every person deserves.
Unfortunately, these things do not belong to everyone. Far too many people in this country have no homes. They own only the clothes that they wear. They don’t know where their next meal will come from and they don’t have family or friends to turn to for help. B. Transition C. Background Knowledge: Homelessness is not new to our nation, and it has greatly increased over the past ten years. In 1987, the McKinney Homeless Assistance Act was put into law. (Burger, 68-83) However, our government has moved away from the need to address the causes of homelessness.
Instead our government has focused on the individual responsibility of those who become homeless, blaming their misfortune as their own fault. (Baum, 5-9) It is this belief that has helped to increase the homelessness of our nation. D. Transition E. Thesis Statement: There are many circumstances that can cause a person to become homeless. On the other hand, there are also many ways in which we can prevent homelessness. Loss of income due to government shortening and economic changes, the release of mentally ill patients and poor health.
Finally, lack in social supports to the homeless. II. Body Paragraph #1: Government and Economic Changes. A. Topic Sentence: Modern homeless started as a result of economic stresses in society and reductions in the availabilities of affordable housing such as single room occupancies for pooper people. 1. Support #1: An increase of homeless people by 38% during the years impacted by economic changes. a)Detail: Homeless can be surprisingly costly for tax payers fortunately social responsible cost-effective solutions exist. )Detail: For many city officials, community leaders and even direct service providers if often seems that placing homeless in shelters is the most expensive way to meet the basic needs of people experiencing homelessness. 2. Support #2: President Obama signed the American Recovery Reinvestment Act of 2009 which address homelessness prevention. a)Detail: In the USA the government asked many major cities to come up with a ten years plan to end homelessness, one of the result was “housing first” solution. b)Detail: The United States Congress appropriated $ 25 million in the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants. . Support #3: The industrial revolution caused a great migration from the rural areas to urban areas. Urban areas have more complex building codes to handle the denser populations in modern cities. City ordinances coupled with higher land prices may make housing even more expensive in such urban areas. a)Detail b)Detail B. Conclusion Sentence: Our government is not doing all that it can to combat our nation’s homelessness. III. Body Paragraph #2: Health. A. Topic Sentence: Homelessness exacerbates or can lead to serious mental and physical health problems. 1.
Support #2: Homeless people are more likely to suffer injuries and medical problems from their life style on the streets. a)Detail: The life style on the streets includes poor nutrition exposure to the severe elements of weather and a higher exposure to violence. b)Detail 2. Support #3: More than half of the homeless have problems with anxiety and depression. a)Detail: Substance abuse can cause homelessness from behavioral patterns associated with addiction that alienate an addicted individual’s family and friends. b)Detail: The mentally ill comprise about 25% of the national total homeless. . Support #3: Health care for homeless people is a major public health challenges. a)Detail: There are challenges in treating homeless people who have psychiatric disorders, because clinical appointments may not be kept, their continuing where about unknown, their medicines are not taken. Many homeless people have mental illness. b)Detail: The conditions affecting homeless people are somewhat specialized and have opened a new area of medicine tailored to this population. B. Conclusion Sentence: Some homeless are substance abusers; research suggests one in four.
Many of these are included in the 25% who are mentally ill. Many are unable to access mental health services and are too ill to stay in a shelter. IV. 1V. Body Paragraph #3: Social Supports. A. Topic Sentence: Most countries provide a variety of services to assist homeless people. They provide food, shelter and clothing, may be organized and run by community organizations. 1. Support #1: Such social supports may be done through a formal process, such as under the auspices of a non-governmental organization, religious organization, or homeless ministry, or may be done on an individual basis. )Detail: Many non-profit organizations such as Goodwill Industries maintain a mission to “provide skill development and work opportunities to people with barriers to employment”, though most of these organizations are not primarily geared toward homeless individuals. b)Detail: A significant number of homeless do not participate in the assistance programs. 2. Support #2: Newspapers founded by the homeless to help themselves. a)Detail: In New York City, in 1989, a street newspaper was created called “Street News” which put some homeless to work, some writing, producing, and mostly selling the paper on streets and trains. )Detail: In Washington, D. C. “Street Sense” has gained a lot of popularity and helped many make the move out of homelessness. 3. Support #3: Many children become homeless because their families do not support them. a)Detail: Many people become homeless because of family problems, where it is unable for them to stay or they can’t get help, so they move to the street life, hoping for better. b)Detail: There are more schemes that the homeless, they can run they can sell the ‘issue’ or get in a hostel, there is also support for young children. B.
Conclusion Sentence: Planning and policy activities to support these people remain limited. In society the rich get richer, and the poor get poorer. People today are far to driven by work and money to see the problem of homelessness surrounding them. V. Conclusion A. Restate Thesis: Homelessness is a serious problem in our society. Every night in our nation thousands of people are on the streets. . Many of these people have severe mental disorders and health problems. Some are victims of an economy and they extremely need our help and support.
B. Summary Body #1(government and economic changes): The government does not do enough to help the homeless, although some people are homeless due to their own wishes, there are many people on the streets that do not choose to live as they do. People are homeless because they may have lost their jobs, evicted from their homes, teenagers that run away from families and teenagers that are ‘thrown away’ by families who no longer want them. C. Summary Body #2(health): Homelessness affects people life physically, mentally, and emotionally.
There are a lot of challenges in treating homeless people because they are mentally ill and they do not follow up. They usually are depressed and drug users. D. Summary Body #3(social supports): The homeless are humans, no different than anyone else. They have rights and privileges just as any other citizen. As fellow humans we are obligated to help those in need. The homeless are in need. They are not only in need of money, but they are also in need of our attention and our support. Homelessness is something that we as a society need to address and eliminate completely.
E. Clincher – Final Statement: Homelessness as an issue in today’s society is largely ignored. To many, the problem of homelessness is invisible or barely noticed. When these people do see the homeless it is found in the form of beggars who need to “pull themselves up by their bootstraps” or mentally ill people who “just can’t help themselves”. In either case the central point remains; the homeless must be people who are incapable or unwilling to help themselves. After all, wouldn’t they stop being homeless if they just tried?
These sorts of rationalizations cover a more disturbing truth; that for many in today’s society, the spectre of homelessness is more pressing of a problem than helping those who are already on the streets. The millions living below the poverty line live in constant fear that at any time an event may occur that will drive them below the cultural and economic radar. Therefore, one major effect of homelessness is the creation of a threshold that forces people to remain in poverty for fear of losing what meager possessions they have.