The Communist Manifesto discusses the political objectives of communists on behalf of the proletariat class. The ultimate goal of the Communist Manifesto and communism is the overthrow of the bourgeois by the proletariat class and the removal of private property.
“formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat. ” (Marx) Marx theorized that all revolutions were related to class struggle and the only way to remove the bourgeois class was the abolishment of private property. …modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the many by the few. In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. ” (Marx) The abolishment of property is one of the most defining principles in communism it is, however not intrinsic to a communist revolution.
“The French Revolution, for example, abolished feudal property in favour of bourgeois property. (Marx) Marx theorized for a communist society to function properly a list of conditions was required. 1. Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes. 2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax. 3. Abolition of all right of inheritance. 4 Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels. 5 Centralization of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.
6 Centralization of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the State. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of wastelands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan. 8 Equal liability of all to labour. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture. 9 Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country, by a more equable distribution of the population over the country. 10 Free education for all children in public schools.
Abolition of children’s factory labour in its present form. Combination of education with industrial production. (Marx) Almost all of the communist regulations derive from the defining idea of the Communist Manifesto “abolishment of property” (Marx). The other four requirements reflect the wishes of the working class during the industrial revolution; child labour, labour equality, and public education. The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Fredrik Engels, was commissioned by the Communist League in 1848. The Engels was born in 1820 to a wealthy factory owner in Prussia.
Engels was most notable influenced by the research for his work, The Condition of the Working Class in England (1844), in which he visited the worst districts of Manchester. Karl Marx was born in 1818 Prussia and was greatly influenced by socialism in revolutionary France and the industrial revolution. Marx’s anti-private property ideas are biased on Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. There is very little evidence of bias as both Marx and Engels consistently fight for the rights of the workers even though they are not members of the proletariat class. The Communists do not form a separate party opposed to other working-class parties. They have no interests separate and apart from those of the proletariat as a whole.
They do not set up any sectarian principles of their own, by which to shape and mold the proletarian movement. ” (Marx) The Communist Manifesto is very straight forward and does not contain any hidden agenda; going as far as to denounce hiding one’s opinion. “The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions.
Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. ” (Marx) The Communist Manifesto was intended for socialists and was during the end of revolutionary Europe. Marx makes the argument that the capitalist system is flawed from its foundation making it impossible for socialists to work within and change the system. The Communist Manifesto was well accepted by socialists of the time, and the first communist country was founded in 1917 Russia. The main supporters of the Communist Manifesto were revolutionaries and members of the proletariat class.
Governments, bourgeoisie, and factory owners had the most to lose and fought very hard against socialism and communism especially after the formation of the USSR. The Communist Manifesto theorized the eventual shift in governments from capitalism to communist creating an audience much large than socialists. The defining feature of communism according to Marx is: “In the national struggles of the proletarians of the different countries, they point out and bring to the front the common interests of the entire proletariat, independently of all nationality. (Marx)
By creating a party which servers the proletariat, regardless of their nationality, shows Marx’s intent for a global revolution. Marx’s theory of a global revolution did not happen, as socialist legislation came into effect soon after, however Russia, China, Vietnam, North Korea, and Cuba all underwent a communist revolution but few have lasted and none have been successful. The Communist Manifesto has changed the view of socialism.
Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. “Proletarians and Communists. ” The Communist Manifesto. London: Penguin, 1985. Print.
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