Psychological Theories on Human Development

Which theory or theories take a strong position that nurture is more important than nature? The humanistic theory argues that people have the natural ability to discern information and make decisions regarding their behavioral actions and lives. The humanistic theory also places an emphasis one a person’s natural desire to live their lives freely and to their full potential. Question 2: Which theory or theories focus on the universality of development more than diversity of individuals? The contextual theory takes into consideration the relationship that is developed as an individual grows hectically, cognitively, socially, and personally.

The bacteriological theory places an emphasis on the connection between human development and the impact of cultural influences throughout the growing process. The coloratura theory places an emphasis on the impact of social interactions within a culture and how those interactions influence a person’s cognitive development. Question 3: Which theory or theories focus more on qualitative change than on quantitative change? The cognitive theory explains the mechanics and process by which an infant and child develops into a person that exhibits appropriate reasoning kills, making this a change focused on qualitative measures.

However, Pigged believed that cognitive development happened progressively as a result of the reorganization of biological and environmental influences that impact how a person processes mentally. Children start to develop an understanding based on what’s happening in the world around them. Once they start to have experiences that are new and different, children are forced to readjust their thinking to incorporate new ideas and environmental changes. Question 4: Which theory or theories focus more on discontinuity than on nonentity over development?

The psychodrama theory is supported by both Freud (psychoanalytic theory) and Erikson (psychosocial theory). Freud placed an emphasis on the unconscious and the stages through which children progress successfully, avoiding becoming fixated on harmful threats. Erikson on the other hand identified eight stages of development, each identified by conflict or crisis children will face and must work through.

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Psychological Theories on Human Development. (2018, Jun 05). Retrieved from