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Public Safety Sample

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IntroductionThe responsibility of the authorities to guarantee the safety and security of the people is enshrined in the 1987 Constitution. Article 2. Section 4 of the Constitution provinces. “The premier responsibility of the Government is to function and protect the people. The Government may name upon the people to support the State and. in the fulfilment thereof. all citizens may be required. under conditions provided by jurisprudence. to render personal. military or civil service. ”

It is along this authorization that the province purposes to set up a extremely efficient and competent constabulary force.

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the Filipino National Police. The PNP is an organisation that is national in range and civilian in character. It is a countrywide authorities organisation whose legal power covers the full breath of the Philippines archipelago. As such. all PNP forces both the uniformed and non-uniformed constituents are national authorities employees. They are civilian in character because the organisation is independent from the military opposite number ( Manwong. 2006 ) .

The PNP is headed by a head with the rank of Director-General.

He has the power to direct and command tactical every bit good as strategic motions. deployments. arrangement and use of the PNP and any of its units and forces including its equipment. installations and other resources. The PNP has a national office. a figure of regional offices. provincial offices. territory. metropolis and municipal Stationss. On the norm. countrywide. the manning degrees of the PNP is purely in conformity with the police-population ratio of one for every five 100 individuals but the minimal police-population ratio shall non be less than one police officer for every one 1000 individuals.

With this work force demand. which is hard to run into. the PNP besides has to trust on solidarity with the people in the community on affairs related to peacekeeping. As stated in the PNP’s Manual on Barangay Peacekeeping Operations. “Bayanihan answers the demand for the whole vicinity to acquire involved in patroling and jurisprudence enforcement. The community relies upon the constabulary to “serve and protect” and the constabulary in bend rely upon community support and cooperation in order to be effective” . The PNP likewise have in its mission that peace and order and public safety can be assured merely with the active engagement of the community.

It is with this mentality that the PNP wanted to take the battle against criminalism. through citizen engagement and community authorization. Therefore. the PNP recognizes the function of the barangay tanods in the battle against criminalism. insurgence and terrorist act.

A Barangay Tanod is a local voluntary who has been deputized and trained to to transport out basic security maps under the auspice of the Barangay Captain for their barangay. This is likely to include basic constabularies maps from apprehensions. traffic control. maintaining the constabulary although the station is rather flexible dependant on the context of the barangay in which they work. They do non be given to transport pieces but sometimes they do. on juncture without a licence and therefore are improbable to hold preparation in it. More frequently they will be armed with a wand. frequently made of Calamus rotang.

The function of the barangay tanods in peace maintaining can non be undermined. Given that peacekeeping is the basic map of the constabulary and being that constabulary visibleness is one of the chief pushs of peacekeeping activity. jurisprudence enforcement activities of the tanods such as ‘ronda” from one topographic point to another would be of great aid towards this terminal.

However. the public presentation of these functions is non without hazard involved as jeopardies go with the fulfilment of the responsibilities of the barangay tanods. These are merely some of the jobs which should be addressed in order for the function of the barangay tanods in jurisprudence enforcement to be strengthened.

The research workers choose this survey to hold knowledge about the functions of barangay constabularies and how these important people participate in the care of peace and order in a community. As future professionals of jurisprudence enforcement bureau. they would wish to hold a deeper apprehension on how they perform their authorizations in keeping peace and order within the community. Furthermore. the survey will be good to the chosen respondents since through this survey. they will be able to larn the extent of their functions and duties as barangay constabulary.

Statement of the Problem

This survey will find how to beef up the function of barangay constabulary in jurisprudence enforcement in Batangas City. Specifically. it will seek to reply the undermentioned inquiries. 1. What is the profile of the respondents in footings of:

1. Age ;

2. Gender ;

3. Civil Status ;

4. Occupation ; and

5. Monthly Income?

2. What are the functions of Barangay Police in jurisprudence enforcement?

3. What are the jobs encountered by the Barangay Police in Batangas City in the public presentation of their functions in jurisprudence enforcement?

4. Is there a important relation between the profile of the respondents and the jobs encountered by them in in the public presentation of their functions in jurisprudence enforcement?

5. What extension plan may be conducted to assist work out the jobs of barangay constabulary in the public presentation of their functions in jurisprudence enforcement?

HypothesisH01: There is no important difference between the functions of barangay constabulary and common jobs encountered when grouped harmonizing to their profile variable.

Scope and Delimitation of the StudyThe range of this survey is to measure how to beef up the function of Barangay constabularies in jurisprudence enforcement within a community. The survey will cover the top 10 barangay that has the highest offense rate in Batangas City including Poblacion 24. Alangilan. Cuta. Kumintang Ibaba. Pallocan Kanluran. Bolbok. Sta. Rita Karsada. Balagtas. Calicanto and Kumintang Ilaya.

This survey will besides cover the function of barangay constabulary. and the common jobs encountered in jurisprudence enforcement within the community. The respondents will be all barangay constabulary of the chosen barangays where the research workers will carry on their survey.

The survey is limited to the profile of the barangay constabulary and their function in the enforcement of the jurisprudence within their community. The recommendation. decision and program of action that will be propose will profit the chosen barangays in Batangas City.

Significance of the StudyThis survey will be good to the followers:The Respondents. The respondents who are the barangay constabulary will profit from this survey since it will undertake the function and common jobs encountered. they will be able to thoroughly understand how to beef up their function in jurisprudence enforcement within their barangay.

For College of Arts and Sciences. Batangas State University. its instructors and pupils who are the mark donees of the survey. may happen this as an interesting paper and recognize the functions of barangay constabulary in jurisprudence enforcement. To the local authorities of Batangas City. to know/help supply the necessary information that could be their footing to forestall the societal and economic function of barangay constabularies in Batangas City. To the research workers. this survey would function as one of their footing and signifier of pattern to their chosen calling. For the hereafter research worker. this survey will function as usher and give extra information to their future surveies.

Definition of FootingsTo understand the survey. the research workers define the different footings operationally. Age. In this survey this refer to the length of clip that an being has lived ( MPDC. 2009 ) Barangay Police. In this survey. this refers to the civilian people who are empowered by the authorities to implement jurisprudence within a community ( Amurao. 2009 ) . Child Abuse. In this survey. this refers to the physical. sexual or emotional mistreatment or disregard of a kid or kids. Crime rate. In this survey this refers to a major statistical tool utilized by every cabal of jurisprudence enforcement. It gives a image of how offense is either turning or decelerating down in peculiar countries ( Amurao. 2009 ) . Economic effects. In this survey this refers to the income and net income derived by the host community when it comes to jurisprudence enforcement. ( MPDC. 2009 ) Educational Attainment. In this survey this refers to the highest grade of instruction an person has completed ( Microsoft encyclopedia. 2004 ) . Employment rate. In this survey this refers to the per centum of working-age people who have occupations ( Amurao. 2009 ) .

Gender. In this survey this refers to the set of features that worlds perceive as separating between work forces and adult females. widening from one’s biological sex to one’s societal function or gender individuality ( Microsoft encyclopedia. 2004 ) . Juvenile Delinquency. In this survey. this refer to inappropriate behaviour of the young person that may take to offenses or civil instances ( Amurao. 2009 ) . Law Enforcement. In this survey. this refers to an act to prosecute a jurisprudence or staying a jurisprudence within a community degree. Married. In this survey this refers to the united in marriage or marriage. execute the ceremonial of fall ining as a adult male and a adult female for life and to represent hubby and married woman harmonizing to the Torahs or imposts of the topographic point ( Amurao. 2000 ) Prostitution. In this survey this refers to the act or pattern of prosecuting in sex Acts of the Apostless for hire. In most civilizations. harlotry is viewed as a aberrant profession. either discouraged or illegal ( MPDC. 2009 ) .

Pollution. In this survey this refers to the debut of contaminations into an environment that causes instability. upset. injury or uncomfortableness to the ecosystem ( MPDC. 2009 ) . Role. In this survey. this refers to the character or portion played by a performing artist. The characteristic and expected societal behaviour of an single Separated. In this survey this refers to two people. it possibly hubby and married woman who become apart ( MPDC. 2009 ) . Social consequence. In this survey this refers to the societal exchange that takes topographic point when tourers come in contact with the local occupants of the topographic point he visits. ( MPDC. 2009 ) Larceny. In this survey. this refers to an act of offense wherein the wrongdoer is taking another thing from another individual ( MPDC. 2009 ) . Disruptive Affray. This takes topographic point when a wrangle occurs between several individuals non composing organized groups and they engage in a battle ( Amurao. 2009 ) . Widow. In this survey this refers to a widow is a adult female whose partner has died ( Amurao. 2000 )

Chapter IIREVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIESThe reappraisal of literature is important to the research workers to introduce themselves with the history and other related facts about the subject under survey.

Conceptual LiteratureThe barangay tanods or small town watchers who work on a strictly voluntary footing to guarantee public safety in the more than 4. 000 barangays in Western Visayas were given due acknowledgment during the apogee of the National Crime Prevention.

Peace and order is an indispensable ingredient in keeping economic development. societal order and political stableness. A province of peace and order aids the growing of investings. generates more chances for employment and attracts more tourers. Foremost in the government’s docket is the publicity of peace and order. This is exemplified in the city’s uninterrupted and active run against criminalism. However. menaces to peace and order continue due to short-handed constabularies force as one ground. The City has a sum of 436 constabulary officers. The ideal rate is 1 police officer for every 500 components. With about 325. 000 population of the metropolis. the ratio so falls to 1 officer to 745 components.

With this scenario. there may be certain maps which the constabulary force can non instantly dispatch particularly with regard to the execution of national and local Torahs within barangays. This is where the function of the barangay tanods would come in. Although non wholly equipped with the authorization to dispatch maps and power similar to the constabulary. they play an of import function in keeping peace and order within the barangay degree. to somehow augment the public presentation of maps of the constabulary force.

Provided in the trainors guidebook of the DILG. the responsibilities and duties of the barangay tanod among others include: help the barangay functionaries in the bar of offense and publicity of public safety through patrol/”ronda” . coverage of any perturbation or indecent incidents to the concerned offices. supervise the presence and activities of leery individuals and anarchic elements ; help the constabulary and lupong tagapamayapa in the executing of warrants and other judicial procedures ; and help the barangay functionaries in the execution of national and local Torahs ; and other agencies as deemed proper in offense bar.

Last February 22. 2011. the ABC Office headed by Hon. Joel A. Alangsab. held the general assembly and election of officers of Federation of Barangay Tanods wherein Mr. Murphy Alimba from Lower Dagsian was elected as president. The event was attended to by about 392 barangay tanods stand foring 88 barangays of the metropolis. The presence of the constabulary functionaries and station commanding officers of the metropolis showed much support of the constabulary force to the barangay tanods.

P/Supt. Constancio Chinayog acknowledged the attempts of the barangay tanods in their aid to keep peace and order. At the terminal of the Government. the Office of Congressman and the City Mayor ensured the grant of insurance to the freshly appointed barangay tanods as those earlier appointed have already received their several insurance. Hon. Edison Bilog besides expressed the attempts of his office in geting certain equipments for the barangay tanods such as ID. waistcoats. torchs. and other privileges. In add-on. Mr. Eitosan Ikiuchi besides offered free Aikido preparation for the tanods.

Even with such conjunct attempts of the ABC Office and the City Government to supply more benefits to the barangay tanods. it must be acknowledged that the spirit of volunteerism and public service bases. for despite their meager honorarium. the barangay tanods are persistently active in dispatching their functions and duties to guarantee the safety of the components.

P/Supt. Chinayog expressed. “the tanods during the clip of the Datus service as the well-admired and feared peace hatchet mans. ” It is so with the hope that the barangay tanods could looked up to with much regard within their barangays for them to be able to easy dispatch their maps as agents of peace and order. But such regard does non come automatically with the place ; instead it is earned. for as the expression goes. “Respect begets respect. ”

Hence. the barangay tanods must project themselves and move in a mode worthy of such regard. for the people to see them with much esteem and value.

Strengthening the RoleWith the being of offense in society. jurisprudence enforcement is greatly needed. Although constabulary are ever here to protect us. many people wish they had a voice in how they need to be protected. Community patroling enable occupants to fall in with local constabularies to more actively combat offense in their communities. Community patroling physiques on cardinal policing patterns with an accent on offense bar and permanent solutions to jobs. It requires new committedness from citizens and new thought from constabulary officers. Central to community patroling are three indispensable and complementary constituents: Community Partnerships: Community partnerships recognize the value of conveying people back into the policing procedure. All elements of society must draw together as ne’er before to cover efficaciously with the unacceptable degree of offense claiming America’s vicinities. Problem Solving: Once precedence concerns have been identified. job work outing involves analysing information about the job to happen out who is being victimized and how. when and precisely where the jobs occur and what environmental ( or other ) conditions make it easy for the offense to happen.

Once the nature of the job is better understood. bespoke solutions are jointly developed and implemented by constabulary and community members. They besides work together to specify success and mensurate the impact of their attempts. Change Management: This requires acknowledging that hammering community-policing partnerships and implementing problem-solving activities will alter the organisational construction of patroling. Properly managed alteration involves acknowledging the demand for alteration. pass oning a clear vision that alteration is possible. placing the concrete stairss needed for positive alteration to happen. developing an apprehension of the benefits of alteration. and making an organization-wide committedness to alter. Establishing public safety is among local government’s cardinal duties to its citizens. The safety of one’s individual and security of one’s belongings are widely viewed as basic human rights and are indispensable to the community’s overall quality of life.

When the people is non. and does non experience. moderately safe. other critical local authorities maps such as economic development. authorities finance. public instruction. stable lodging. and basic local authorities services become that much more hard to supply. In short. a community’s repute for public safety to a great extent influences its entreaty as a topographic point to raise a household or open a concern. If they are a city manager or county executive electors straight elected. or a metropolis or county director elected functionaries appointed. they barely need a usher to remind they of this: their components do so on a regular basis. And yet. notwithstanding much popular rhetoric about the nature of offense and what should be done about it. set uping existent and sensed public safety is one of local government’s more complex and ambitious projects. This usher is intended to assist them as a local authorities executive better understand how local authorities in general. and local constabulary in peculiar. can more efficaciously run into public safety challenges. The usher is a comrade to several ushers in a series known jointly as the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police. produced by the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing and published by the COPS Office.

The three series—the Problem-Specific Guides. Response Guides. and Problem-Solving Tools Guides—represent a sum-up of the turning organic structure of cognition about how local constabulary can more efficaciously address the battalion of specific and varied public safety jobs that they routinely confront. This usher does non straight address other facets of the local constabulary map. such as condemnable probe. exigency response. constabulary unity. or political answerability. although how the constabulary carry out their crime-prevention map has profound deductions for those affairs every bit good. Citizens mostly think of constabularies as crimefighters. Surely. Hollywood plays up this image. They know that audiences won’t be awfully interested in watching movies and shows approximately police as service suppliers. traffic accountants. and struggle directors. Audiences want action and they want narratives about the battle between good and evil.

Police officers themselves like and perpetuate this crime-fighting self-image. even though they understand it represents but a partial truth about existent policing. Real policing is. of class. at least partially about crime-fighting. But it is approximately much. much more. and it is ineluctably complex. In add-on to covering with such better-known offenses as slaying. colza. robbery. assault. burglary. and theft—which combined comprise merely approximately 10 per centum of all constabulary business—police are routinely expected to cover with other discourtesies such as drug dealing and harlotry ; such nuisances as inordinate noise and panhandling ; and such safety jeopardies as traffic clangs and crowd control. to call but a few.

By some counts. constabularies routinely deal with 100s of types of public safety jobs. each one different from another. each naming for different and many-sided responses. Furthermore. as the American Bar Association has stated so clearly below. the constabulary have multiple aims that sometimes must be balanced one against another. Police aims include the followers: Prevent and command behavior endangering to life and belongings. including serious offense. Aid offense victims and protect people in danger of physical injury. Protect constitutional warrants. such as the right of free address and assembly. Law Enforcement

In seeking to accomplish their multiple aims. constabularies have at their disposal a broad assortment of tactics and schemes. Although many people think that the chief manner constabularies achieve their public safety aims is to implement the jurisprudence. in fact. constabulary normally do things other than merely implement the jurisprudence. In most interactions with the populace. constabularies do non publish a commendation or do an apprehension. Indeed. even were it possible for constabulary to to the full implement the law—which it is not—it is improbable that most communities would digest such a thing. Sometimes rigorous jurisprudence enforcement is neither just nor effectual ; so. sometimes it is counterproductive to public safety. as. for case. when it provokes such widespread public ill will as to breed even more widespread upset and anarchy. Essential to fair and effectual policing is the demand to spread out the scope of feasible options to condemnable jurisprudence enforcement so that constabulary have multiple tools from which to manner effectual responses to quite varied public safety jobs.

Examples of options to condemnable jurisprudence enforcement constabulary normally use to turn to peculiar public safety jobs include the undermentioned: Mobilizing the community ( as informants. to police the community. for protagonism ) . Requesting that citizens exercise informal societal control over one another ( e. g. . parents over kids. employers over employees. managers over jocks. instructors over pupils. military commanding officers over soldiers. loaners over borrowers. landlords over renters ) . Using mediation and dialogue accomplishments to decide differences. Conveying information ( e. g. . to cut down overdone fright. to bring forth public consciousness. to arouse conformance with Torahs that are non known or understood. to demo citizens how they contribute to jobs and ways to avoid making so. to educate the populace about the bounds of police authorization. to construct support for new attacks ) precautions designed to guarantee due procedure and protect defendants’ civil autonomies help render the condemnable justness system ill-suited for high-volume concern.

Trusting excessively to a great extent on this expensive system designed chiefly to cover with serious and accustomed wrongdoers creates several of import public safety hazards. including the followers: It compromises the attention and attending that it can give to the most serious discourtesies and wrongdoers. It detracts resources and attending off from other establishments and systems that are every bit indispensable to guaranting public safety. Properly resourced and accessible systems for mental wellness. substance maltreatment intervention. victim and informant protection. belongings codification enforcement. consumer merchandise design. school subject. youth diversion. societal services. civil jurisprudence enforcement. and dispute declaration. to call a few. are as of import to patrol effectivity as is a well-functioning condemnable justness system. It places undue force per unit area on constabulary officers to falsify and pull strings their authorization in ways non intended under the jurisprudence and that can take to mistreat allegations. It can strive police-community dealingss and erode public trust in local authorities by and large. This has proven peculiarly true in some racial and cultural minority communities. Research Literature

Synthesis of the Study

Theoretical ModelIn societal cognitive theory ( Bandura. 1984 ) . people are neither driven by inner forces nor automatically shaped and controlled by the environment. As we have already seen. they function as subscribers to their ain motive. behaviour. and development within a web of in return interacting influences. Persons are characterized within this theoretical position in footings of a figure of basic capablenesss. to which they turn following. Knowledge of the factors. whether planned or causeless. that can change the class of life waies provides ushers for how to further valued hereafters. At the personal degree. it requires cultivating the capablenesss for exerting self-directedness. These include the development of competences. self-beliefs of efficaciousness to exert control. and self-regulatory capablenesss for act uponing one’s ain motive and actions. Such personal resources expand freedom of action. and enable people to function as causal subscribers to their ain life class by choosing. influencing. and building their ain fortunes.

With such accomplishments. people are better able to supply supports and way for their actions. to capitalise on planned or causeless chances. to defy societal traps that lead down damaging waies. and to withdraw themselves from such quandaries should they go enmeshed in them. To exert some step of control over one’s developmental class requires. in add-on to effectual tools ofpersonal bureau. a great trade of societal support. Social resources are particularly of import during formative old ages when penchants and personal criterions are in a province of flux. and there are many conflicting beginnings of influence with to postulate. To overcome the obstructions and emphasiss encountered in the life paths people take. they need societal supports to give inducement. significance. and deserving to what they do. When societal ties are weak or missing. exposure to hurtful causeless influence is increased ( Bandura. 1982b ) . The life waies that realistically become unfastened to persons are besides partially determined by the nature of social chance constructions. To the extent that social systems provide aidful agencies and resources they increase people’s chances to act upon the class of their lives.

This theory is used by the research workers as theoretical model of the survey. The societal cognitive theory can impact the function of Barangya constabularies in jurisprudence enforcement. It besides advocate their capableness of outgrowth and get the better of the possible jobs in enforcement of jurisprudence by barangay constabularies

Barangay Peacekeeping Action.The PNP employs the Barangay Peacekeeping Action Team ( BPAT ) as force multiplier. The BPAT shall be composed of different organized sectors in the community ( Tanod. young person. adult females. conveyance. seniors. householders. etc. ) . Bing the PNPs force multiplier. the BPAT shall make the ff: ( to back up the public safety undertaking of the authorities ) ( a ) Community based activities ( B ) Information Campaign.

The BPAT shall be under the direct supervising of the lowest PNP unit the vicinity. Particularly the BPAT shall work for: ( a ) Law Enforcement. ( B ) Community Organization. ( degree Celsius ) Disaster Management. ( vitamin D ) Environmental Protection. and ( vitamin E ) Barangay Conflict Resolution.

Phase of making things to: ( A ) Prevent offenses: Patroling. traffic enforcement. information assemblage. ( B ) Solve a offense: collaring wrongdoers. look intoing a offense. continuing offense scene and information assemblage

Conceptual Paradigm

Input Process Output

Figure 1

Conceptual Model

The conceptual model of the survey is shown in Figure 1. The paradigm shows that I-P-O procedure is the most appropriate diagram to be used by the advocates. The Input of the survey will be the demographic profile of the respondents. the appraisal of their functions. the schemes done by the authorities in beef uping their functions and the common jobs encountered in implementing the jurisprudence. The procedure of the survey will be study and appraisal to be done by the advocates and the end product of the survey will be the action program to heighten the enforcement of jurisprudence in Batangas City. Chapter III

RESEARCH METHOD AND PROCEDUREThis chapter presents the methods adopted in the research design. topic of the survey. research process. informations assemblage process. and informations analysis.

Research DesignThe chief aim of the survey is to cognize how to beef up the function of barangay constabulary in jurisprudence enforcement in Batangas City.

In order to achieve this nonsubjective the research workers find it appropriate to utilize descriptive method of research. A descriptive method of the survey describes and interprets what is happening in the present clip ( Tan. 2006 ) . Respectively. descriptive research involves roll uping informations to reply inquiries refering the current position of the survey. It is said to be the most appropriate method to be used because the present survey analyzed a present status which is the resort industry in Sabang Puerto Galera.

Population and RespondentsThe population of the survey will be 100 per centum of barangay constabulary in top 10 barangay with highest offense viz. Poblacion 24. Alangilan. Cuta. Kumintang Ibaba. Pallocan Kanluran. Bolbok. Sta. Rita Karsada. Balagtas. Calicanto and Kumintang Ilaya in Batangas City. The entire respondents will be 172 barangay constabulary in Batangas City.

Sampling DesignPurposive Sampling will be used as trying design of the survey. It is the subset of single as sample chosen from a big set of population. Each person is chosen with intent. During the conductivity of the survey. the respondents are the barangay constabulary who have the intent of being chosen by any phase during the sampling procedure. The research workers asked the Batangas Police Provincial Office which barangay has the highest offense rate and the research workers asked each 10 barangay the population of their barangay constabularies. From this. the survey came up with a sum of 172 respondents.

Measurement and InstrumentalityThe chief instrument that will be utilize in the survey to garner pertinent informations will be a ego made survey-questionnaire. A questionnaire is a tool or device for procuring replies to put of inquiries made by the research workers themselves. It is a systematic digest of inquiries that are submitted which composed of the information desired.

The survey-questionnaire is utile for garnering great trade of specific information. The questionnaire used by the research workers was composed of three parts.

The questionnaire will dwell of 4 major parts. The first portion will include the demographic profile of the respondents in footings of age. civil position. monthly income and length of old ages in service.

The 2nd portion will include the functions of barangay tanod in jurisprudence enforcement.

The 3rd portion will include the schemes does by the authorities to beef up the function of barangay tanod in implementing the jurisprudence.

And in conclusion. the 4th portion will include the common jobs encountered by the respondent in implementing the jurisprudence.

Research ProcedureThe research workers gathered informations by mentioning to different books. published surveies and surfing the cyberspace. The research workers visited different libraries to back up their survey. The information was chiefly sourced through study and documental analysis. They come up with the subject sing how to beef up the function of barangay constabulary in jurisprudence enforcement.

The research workers will build a questionnaire and will be submitted to the panellist and statistician for the cogency and dependability. After the blessing of questionnaire. a missive of petition addressed to the Barangay Captain of top 10 highest offense rate barangay inquiring permission to administer the questionnaire. After it is granted. the research workers provide 172 transcripts of the questionnaires. which were distributed personally to the barangay constabulary in Batangas City.

Datas AnalysisThe informations were gathered and treated statistically utilizing assorted expressions. The statistical intervention will be necessary to find the response of the mark respondents the research worker used the undermentioned statistical tools. 1. Relative frequence – it is use to happen out the distribution of the respondents harmonizing to their profile. The expression for comparative frequence Rf = f/n x 100

Where Rf = comparative frequenceF =frequencyN =total figure2. Weighted average – it is the centre of the gravitation of the distribution of tonss. it is use to show the impact of profile sing factors that affect the entire occupants. The expression for weighted for leaden is


M=WSTRWhere ; WS = weighted amountTR = entire # of respondents3. Independent T –Test used to find the difference of the function and common job encountered by barangay constabulary when grouped harmonizing to their profile variable. 4. One manner analysis of discrepancy ( ANOVA ) . This is used to compare the agencies of response of more than two groups of respondents. It will be used to find the difference of the function and common job encountered by barangay constabulary when grouped harmonizing to their profile variable



Bibliography

Koper. C. . et Al. ( 2007 ) . “Hiring and Retention Issues in Police Agencies: Readings on the Determinants of Police Strengths. Hiring and Retention of Officers. and Federal Cops Program. ” Journal of Criminal Justice. Vol 7. No. 33. pp 234

Kelly. L. . Lovett. J. & A ; Regan. L. ( 2005 ) A Gap or a Chasm? Abrasion in Reported Rape Cases. Home Office Research Study 293. London: Home Office. Available online at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. homeoffice. gov. uk/rds/pdfs05/hors293. pdf.

Manwong. R ( 2006 ) . Fundamentalss in Criminology. Philippines: ManwongPublicationMassey. D ( 2005 ) “Backfire at the Border. ” Cato Institute Center for Trade Policy Studies. June 2005. at World Wide Web. freetrade. org.Regan. L. & A ; Kelly. L. ( 2003 ) Rape: Still a Forgotten Issue. Briefing Document for Strengthening the Linkages – Consolidating the European Network Project. London: Child & A ; Woman Abuse Studies Unit. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. rcne. com/downloads/RepsPubs/Attritn. pdf. Robles. D ( 2008 ) “Military contractors see new dollars in boundary line defence. ” Arizona Daily Star


World Wide Web. lawphil. net/R. A. 8551( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. news bulletin. org/2004/02/sb/sb005484. htm )

Batangas State UniversityCollege of Humanistic disciplines and SciencesBatangas City

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Public Safety Sample. (2017, Sep 08). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/public-safety-essay-sample-essay/

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