We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

See Pricing

What's Your Topic?

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

What's Your Deadline?

Choose 3 Hours or More.
Back
2/4 steps

How Many Pages?

Back
3/4 steps

Sign Up and See Pricing

"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Back
Get Offer

Taxonomical studyon Scorpions from Markazai province, Iran

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

Deadline:2 days left
"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Write my paper

Taxonomic studyon Scorpions from Markazai state, Iran

Abstraction

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Taxonomical studyon Scorpions from Markazai province, Iran
Just from $13,9/Page
Get custom paper

Scorpions are marauding arthropod animate beings of the order Scorpiones within the category Arachnida. They have eight legs and are easy recognised by the brace of hold oning pedipalps and the narrow, metameric tail. Markazi Province, the mediaeval Iraq-i Ajam, more late Arak—is one of the 31 states of Iran and lies in western of Iran. There are limited surveies of information scattered on Scorpions in Iran. In present probe which has been carried out on Scorpios in the Markazi state, different species of Scorpios were identified and biological surveies were carried out on them.

The present research was done in different countries of this state and wholly 53 Scorpios were collected. Harmonizing to scientific methods, the Scorpios were captured so identified by used of designation key. In the present research, it was found that the species belong to two households, viz. , Buthidae and Scorpionidae, sixgenera and six species.

Cardinal words: Taxonomy, Identification, Scorpions, Iran

Introduction:

The subfamily Scorpiopinae can be estimated as complex.

Scorpiopinae was foremost proposed by Kraepelin ( 1905 ) as Scorpiopsinae, a subfamily of Vaejovidae. Lourenc?o ( 1998 ) confirmed a old determination by Stockwell ( 1989 ) about raising Scorpiopinae to household degree. Subsequently, Soleglad & A ; Sissom [ 4 ] downgraded Scorpiopidae to a subfamilyof Euscorpiidae, and grouped the Asiatic genera into the folk Scorpiopini, and besides included in this subfamily the North American genus Troglocormus ( tribe Troglocormini ) . Harmonizing to morphological appraisals, the subfamilyScorpiopinae presently forms a monophyletic group withinEuscorpiidae, and does non portion any synapomorphieswith North American Vaejovidae ( 2001 ) . The folk Scorpiopiniincludes six Asian genera, chiefly from the Southern andSoutheastern parts of the continent. This composing is

chiefly due to Vachon ( 1980 ) who revised Scorpiops anddescribed three new subgenera in add-on to thenominotypical subgenus Scorpiops ; Alloscorpiops, Euscorpiops, and Neoscorpiops. These four subgenera were laterelevated to generic rank by Lourenc?o ( 1998 ) , who added themonotypic genera Parascorpiops Banks, 1928, and Dasyscorpiops Vachon, 1974, conveying the entire figure of generato six. Soleglad & A ; Sissom ( 2001 ) so supported the cogency ofEuscorpiops based on the place of chela trichobothriumEb3 and the presence of an annulate ring on the telson.Recently, Lourenc?o ( 2013 ) divided the genus Alloscorpiops intotwo subgenera with the creative activity of the subgenusLaoscorpiops. Since most historical facets around thesedecisions have been systematically synthesized by Lourenc?o ( 2013 ) they will non be further discussed here.

There are limited surveies of information scattered on Scorpions in Iran. The first survey was done by Oliveir, that discus about black Scorpion of Kashan and named itcrassicauda( 1807 ) . Thorell, 1876 by appraising Scorpions of natural history museum in Stockholm and Gothenburg named a new species from Iran asButhusdoriae. Pocock, 1889, introducedButhus phillipsias a new Persian species from natural history Museum British. Birulaya, 1896, described four species from Iran named:Orthochhrusmelanurus,Buthus eupeus,Buthus caucasicusandPrionurus crassicauda. He published his paper for Persian Scorpions on 1905. Vachon, 1950 has introduced some Genus from Iran asMesobuthusthat is sole to Asia. He has reportedLiobuthus kesslerifirst clip from Iran and divide Scorpions to Families Buthidae and Scorpionidae in Iran ( 1966 ) . In 1973, Vachon added a new Genus and Species to Persian Scorpions name:Habibiella gaillardia.There is large blank in analyzing of Scorpions from different parts of Iran. In the present survey the Scorpios is described from Markazi Province of Iran.

Methodology

The Markazi state is about 29442 kilometre broad ( Fig.1 ) .Scorpions were collected ( Fig.2 ) indiscriminately, fromdifferent parts of Markazi state ( Arak, Tafresh, Saveh, Ashtiyan, Mahalat, Delijan, Khomein and Shazand ) during the old ages 2007and 2008, and they were fixed individually in 75 % Ethanol alcoholand labeled in different bottles ( Fig.1 ) . Samples were transferred tolaboratory for characteristic surveies. In the Laboratory, systematic survey, arousing and biometrical parametric quantities were studied withthe aid ofstereomicroscope ( Olympus SZX9 ) and the keys suggested byFarzanpey ( 1987 ) .

Rsults

In this survey, six species of scorpionsbelongingtosixgeneraandtwofamilieswere identified. ( Table 1 )

Speciess

Genus

Family

A.crassicauda

Androctonus

Buthidae

B. saulcyi

Buthotus

Buthidae

O.doriae

Odontobuthus

Buthidae

M.eupeus

Mesobutus

Buthidae

H.lepturus

Hemiscorpius

Scorpionidae

S.maurus

Scorpio

Scorpionidae

Table 1. The species of Scorpions

In this survey, twofamiliesButhidae, Scorpionidae andsixgeneranamelyAndroctonus, Buthotus, Odontobuthus, Mesobuthus, Hemiscorpius andScorpiowere identified. Biometrical characters have been studied for each six species as tabular arraies 2,3,4,5,6 and 7. The figures 1,2,3,4,5 and 6 are related to species.

Speciess: Androctonuscrassicauda

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Scorpiones

Family: Buthidae

Genus:Androctonus

Speciess:A. crassicauda

Table 2. Biometrical characters ofAndroctonus crassicada( millimeter )

WM4Se

WM5Se

WC

LT+ST

LFF

LFT

LC

LMB

LBT

LM1

LM2

L-p

Organ

5.71

9.63

7.05

7.54

6.23

3.10

4.94

8.80

79.17

35

23.40

10.19

Size

Speciess:Buthotus saulcyi

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Order: Scorpiones

Family: Buthidae

Genus:Buthotus

Speciess:B. saulcyi

Table 3. Biometrical characters ofButhotus saulcyi( millimeter )

WM4Se

WM5Se

WC

LT+ST

LFF

LFT

LC

LMB

LBT

LM1

LM2

L-p

Organ

8.18

7.82

10.58

7.76

4.70

3.50

11.12

83.53

52.17

21.43

9.93

4.19

Size

Speciess:Odontobuthusdoriae

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Ordir: Scorpiones

Family: Buthidae

Genus:Odontobuthus

Speciess:O.doriae

Table 4. Biometrical characters ofOdontobuthus doriae( millimeter )

WM4Se

WM5Se

WC

LT+ST

LFF

LFT

LC

LMB

LBT

LM1

LM2

L-p

Organ

6.62

5.21

6.95

5.96

2.34

3.42

8.26

58.24

33.65

17.06

7.53

2.93

Size

Speciess:Mesobuthuseupeus

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Ordir: Scorpiones

Family: Buthidae

Genus:Mesobuthus

Speciess:M.eupeus

Table 5. Biometrical characters ofMesobuthus eupeus( millimeter )

WM4Se

WM5Se

WC

LT+ST

LFF

LFT

LC

LMB

LBT

LM1

LM2

L-p

Organ

4.93

3.61

4.97

3.91

2.16

2.25

1.12

40.37

23.25

12.06

5.06

2.40

Size

Speciess: Scorpio maurus

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Arachnida

Ordir: Scorpiones

Family: Scorpionidae

Genus:Scorpio

Speciess:S.maurus

Table 6. Biometrical characters ofScorpio maurus( millimeter )

WM4Se

WM5Se

WC

LT+ST

LFF

LFT

LC

LMB

LBT

LM1

LM2

L-p

Organ

2.88

9.65

5.68

6.50

4.35

1.96

5

7.33

34.95

21.97

24.16

8.82

Size

Speciess:Hemiscorpuis lepturus

Class: Arachnida

Ordir: Scorpiones

Family: Scorpionidae

Genus:Hemiscorpius

Speciess:H.lepturus

Table 7. Biometrical characters ofHemiscorpuis lepturus( millimeter )

L-p

Lumen

Lumen

LBT

LFT

LC

LMB

WC

LPe

DBPe

Organ

1.79

16.45

38.49

75

12.9

2.53

1.95

5.91

7.15

6.83

Size

Discussion

The consequences ofthisstudy showed that thescorpionsthatwere studiedinthe Central state belonging to twofamily Buthidae andScorpionidae.According to universe dispersion they have originated from Africa. Some of these genera have been seen in Africa.

Mentions

K. Kraepelin, Die Geographische Verbreitung der Scorpione, Zool. Jahrb.

Abt. Syst. 22 ( 1905 ) 321–364.

W.R. Lourenc?o, Designation of the Scorpio subfamily Scorpiopsinae

Kraepelin, 1905 as household Scorpiopsidae Kraepelin, 1905 ( stat. nov. ) ; its

generical composing and a description of a new species of Scorpiops

from Pakistan ( Scorpiones, Scorpiopsidae ) , Entomol. Mitt. Zool. Mus.

Hamburg 12 ( 1998 ) 245–254.

S.A. Stockwell, Revision of the Phylogeny and Higher Categorization of

Scorpions ( Chelicerata ) , [ Ph. D. Thesis, unpublished ] , University of

Berkeley, Berkeley, 1989, 319 P.

M.E. Soleglad, W.D. Sissom, Phylogeny of the household Euscorpiidae

Laurie, 1896 ( Scorpiones ) : a major alteration, in: V. Fet, P.A. Selden

) Eds. ) , Scorpions, British Arachnological Society, Burnham Beeches,

Vaulting horses, Dorchester, UK, 2001, pp. 25–111.

M. Vachon, Essai d’une categorization sous-ge?ne?rique diethylstilbestrols Scorpions du

genra Scorpiops Peters, 1861 ( Arachnida, Scorpionida, Vaejovidae ) , Bull.

Mus. natn. Hist. nat. , Paris 4e se?r.2 ( 1980 ) 143–160.

W.R. Lourenc?o, A new subgenus and species of AlloscorpiopsVachon,

1980from Laos ( Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae, Scorpiopinae ) ; deductions

for the taxonomy of the group, C. R. Biologies 336 ( 2013 ) 51–55.

Olivier, G.A. ( 1807 ) . Ocean trip dans A?empire Othoman, A?Egypte Perse.

Thorell, T. ( 1876 ) . Etudes Scorpiologiques. Act. Soc. Ital. sei. Nat. , 19.

Vachon, M. ( 1966 ) . List des Scorpio connus en Egypte, Arabia, Israel, Liban, Jordanie, Turquie, Irak, Iran. Toxicon, Vol. 4, 209.

Vachon, M. ( 1973 ) . Etude des caracteres utilises pour lupus erythematosuss familles et les genres de Scorpios ( Arachnides ) . Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. nat. 3e Ser. no. 140, Zoologie 104, 857.

Fig 1.Androctonus crassicauda

Fig 2.Buthotus saulcyi

Fig 3.Odontobuthus doriae

Fig 4.Mesobuthus eupeus

Picture 049

Fig 5.Scorpio maurus

Picture 047

Fig 6.Hemiscorpius lepturus

Cite this Taxonomical studyon Scorpions from Markazai province, Iran

Taxonomical studyon Scorpions from Markazai province, Iran. (2016, Dec 07). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/taxonomical-studyon-scorpions-from-markazai-province-iran/

Show less
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Search for essay samples now

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get my paper now

For Only $13.90/page