The Mongols: How Barbaric Were the Barbarians?

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Throughout the 13th century world, the Mongols constantly showed displays of continuous violence, drinking, brutality and unfair treatment. They were considered to be savages, and people who lived far beyond what we would know as a “civilized world.” They single handedly became one of, if not the most powerful empires to have existed, building their empire through violent and barbaric manors. The Mongols were very barbaric people, for they portrayed many inhumane and mannerless actions while their empire lasted, causing death destruction and the downfall of all of the land they took over.

Though the Mongols were very crude and unsophisticated people at war or while they were conquering other lands, in their own towns they had their own law and own little makeshift civilization set up. They all followed a religion under what the Khan of the time period decided the dominant religion would be, and all believed in the one or multiple gods that religion told them to believe in. (document nine) This was very hypocritical of them though, since they were constantly changing the dominant religion of the empire, causing and forcing people to not only believe in one god, but in all of the gods that they decided to worship from time to time. They also had a very severe set of laws against stealing (document seven) and being a thief, but when it came down to conquering other lands, and going into somewhere that wasn’t there they had no issues whatsoever in stealing another man’s land, or another man’s life. They would parade into someone else’s home, with a set plan of conquering a land and how they were going to do it, and it seemed as if they always wanted to take the most brutal of routes. In war, the Mongols didn’t have one constant army on their front lines, they worked their armies in shifts, so that no one man was out for so long that he could get seriously fatigued and weak.

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Once battle began, they would send a little body of captives out, to face the opposing army and get right into contact while their actual Mongol army was standing in the shadows. Once all had begun, the army split up that was unseen before would close in, causing fighting from all around and just not from one front. If all else failed, they even had back up techniques. If needed, they would take all the fat off of the people they had already massacred, burn it, and start to catapult it into peoples homes. (document three) They also killed people in mass amounts, ranging anywhere from 30,000 people to 2,000,000 people at a time. No civilized people would kill in such a bestial manner. Once killed, in a lot of situations, the Mongol soldiers cut off the heads of the deceased and piled them up, men, women, and children. They wanted the land so that there was no life at all. Not even in animals. (document four)

The Mongols were constantly conquering new lands of insanely large sizes. They acquired land masses as big as 4,860,000 square miles all around. (document one) They were like terrorists to another persons home and another mans land with their crude actions and constant killing. Genghis Kahn alone conquered the largest amount of land, in fact being 4,860,000 square miles. Thats bigger than the body of the United States alone, and there’s no way that this man acquired all this land just by marching in and asking if he could take over. He just took over with the complex army he’d formed. Their army was just as hardcore and serious as they were. The faults of one man could result in the death of ten. The act of ten men could result in the death of 100 men. If any of 10 men got captured, and his companions in that group of ten didn’t come to be his knight in shining armor and save him, they were all put to death as well. (document two) They were also tasteless in the way they executed men. When executing a man, they shot him three times in the chest with an arrow. As if once in the chest wasn’t enough to kill a man, they missed twice to what seems like inflict pain, and kill him with the third. The man is executed with about six bodies in the ground around him. (document five)

When the Mongols went to war, they really dedicated themselves to the war and how they’d go about it. They had a complex messaging system for when the Khan had to deliver orders to people who were miles and miles away, (document eight). This messaging system came to the benefit of Vienna when they were going to go and destroy the town to conquer it, and suddenly the army turned back. They’d received word that the Great Khan had died, and immediately turned back. This was really the only way that the Mongol soldiers would stop their crusade, if their leader died. The winemaking of the Persians flourished under Mongol control, since they were such big drinkers. (document six) Being drunk was usually an honor in their society, and once a man drunk too much and got sick, he didn’t tried to prevent it from happening, but he let it happen repeatedly. (document 10) If a man who didn’t really believed in the morals that some Mongols held, and wanted to have some kind of contact with a married woman, he killed the husband of said woman just for this purpose.

They were also allowed to marry more than one woman and polygamy was accepted, which is one of the farthest things from civilized as you can go. They treated women unfairly and made sure that while the men were gone the women kept the house clean for any strangers that decided to wander in their house and utilize everything they have, theirs or not. In conclusion, the Mongols do hold up to their reputation as savage, evil people. They hunted, killed, burned, and lived in disgusting ways. Though they did have some good in their society, the disgustingness really outweighed that. They treated others unfairly and harshly, and threw the laws that they had out the window when it came to other people. They massacred, stole, drank, and were overall just rough, rude, primitive barbaric, people.

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The Mongols: How Barbaric Were the Barbarians?. (2016, May 30). Retrieved from

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