A description of the social, economic and cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people:
Personal choice – Some families decide they don’t want to live the way what is viewed as the social norm for example travellers, the outcome of this factor is there may be people which wont be able to relate to the child or young person’s families view. If the child is from a travelling family there is always a possibility because the child may be changing schools a lot they could be behind in development. A family that decide to live in a way that differs from others such as shared living or same gender parents.
Housing and community- Some families that live on a council estate may feel bullied by others that live different this would make the child or young person feel upset and maybe anger. Another example could be if you live in a multi cultural you may feel you have to be very welcome and you may also feel you are judged because you don’t have the same customs or religious views of other people in the community. Families can become secluded if they live in a community where children have thought-provoking anti-social behaviours, this can make them reluctant to allow their child play in the community.
Education environment- A child may feel as if they don’t want to learn no more because they are bored and loosing interest, this may because the environment is very dull and boring if the environment is fun bright and interesting it’s less likely for them too loose interest as quickly. Education can be tricky to access if transport is limited.
Health status- Children and young people that are unwell may spend a lot of time in hospital or at doctors appointments and this can affect the child or young person’s development through them missing school/education and socialising. This can affect their social and emotional development and could lead to them being bullied by others because of their illness etc. this will make them feel low in self-esteem. Health facilities and education can be difficult to access if transport is restricted. If a parent has a health problem the child could be their carer reducing their opportunities
to play and socialise with friends.
Religious beliefs and customs- Children or young people may have to attend school associated with their religion and they may not understand other people’s choices and life styles and be taught different to what they have been taught. That may make them feel alone and confused. They may of experienced bullying behaviour towards them on the grounds of their religious beliefs.
Ethnic/ cultural beliefs and customs- Children may have different forms of clothing causing them to get bullied. Their culture may be interaction between men and women in a different way and children may not understand this not realise what is acceptable because its different at home this can lead them getting in to trouble at school and being looked at as the perpetrator of trouble.
Poverty- This can result from a range of things one example would be unemployment children or young people may suffer a poor diet due to their parents not being able to afford to buy good quality food and the child or young person may be eating the same thing all the time without a range of their needed foods. This can lead to all sorts of things such as lack of concentration and poor performance at school. They may also get bullied for their clothing or phone due to parents not having enough money or other health problems.
Offending or anti-social behaviour- This can affect a child or young person in a range of different ways whether it’s the child’s behaviour or the child’s parent’s behaviour because if it was the parent it could lead to the child being took into care and the parent being in prison this would affect the child emotionally also if it was the child’s behaviour they may be made to move school which would then affect them socially. Families can become secluded if they are offenders and display anti-social behaviour.
Disability- This can affect the child’s social development because if the child is left out in sports due to their disability they may feel isolated
and angry so want to disrupt and rebel against this. It also could affect the child’s behaviour development because the child maybe not challenged as much as they are able because of their disability which would lead them to be angry and bored and behave in an unacceptable. The disability of an adult could lead to poverty or mean the child is the carer. The disability of a child could affect educational provision. Support or interval may be required for the child or young person.
Addictions in family or self- Children or young people may find if their parent had an addiction to drugs or alcohol they may have a health problem if the parent was taking drugs or alcohol whilst she was pregnant or the parent may be unemployed therefore not a lot of money and most of the money they get they are spending it on their addiction, this could lead to the child or young person having a poor diet or getting bullied due to the clothing they wear. If the parent has a gambling addiction the child or young person may be getting abused from their parent which leads to them having behaviour and emotional development problems.
Family expectations and encouragement- When parents set their child’s expectations to high it can lead the child feeling low self esteem and afraid to fail for example if their older brothers or sisters got really good exam results the parent can then put that extra pressure for the child or young person as well. On the other hand parents might not be setting expectation high enough and just not caring what the child does or gets both of these can lead the child to have social, emotional and behavioural problems.
Bereavement and loss- Losing a family member or friend can affect the emotional and physical health of children and their parents. Adults losing a child or partner may find caring for any remaining children difficult.
An explanation of the importance and impact of poverty on outcomes and life chances for children and young people:
Poverty can have a huge affect on their development; poverty removes choices
from families for instance they can’t always buy what they want it’s more what they need. It can affect how they are living if the house is over crowded and there’s not enough room for play. Community could be poverty so not anything to do in the area such as mother and toddler groups which can cause anti social behaviour and that can then cause not a safe environment outdoors for outdoor play activities. Families that live in poverty are more possible to suffer mental and physical problems and consequently may not be able to offer for their child as is required.
An explanation of the role of children and young people’s personal choices and experiences on their outcomes and life chances:
Even when a child is at a young age it is good for them to make personal choices just like choosing what toys they want to play with or who they want to play with this can affect their behaviour at home for instance if the child they choose to play with at school is a lot louder and mischievous the child could then go home and copy that behaviour. A practitioner’s responsibility is to make sure the child is choosing its own friends in the care setting but setting a positive contribution. Throughout the child/young people’s life they have to make decisions like eating healthy and it’s the practitioner’s job to offer and promote healthy snacks.
Identification of the positive outcomes for children and young people that practitioners should be striving to achieve:
Within your setting you should safeguard and promote children’s welfare, we must take necessary steps to ensure this. We must promote good health of all children within our care and take steps to prevent the spread of infection from others within our care and take appropriate action when they are ill. We must ensure that there are suitable people and staffing levels are appropriate to ensure safety to all children. The premises, environment and equipment must be suitable to cater for the children, these include outdoor and indoor spaces, furniture, equipment and toys and they must be safe and suitable for the children in your care, age/stage appropriate. Social Factor:
Lack of socialising in friendship groups:
The possible impact from this is children who don’t socialise a great deal have a tendency to become secluded and consequently isolate themselves more. They may suffer lack of confidence about themselves and be reserved and shy. They struggle to communicate, share and understand the needs and feelings of others. They will lack confidence to find it tough to confide in other people or seek out help and guidance. This can furthermore lead them to be drawn into ‘the wrong crowd’ as these people seem friendly and as a consequence find themselves being manipulated. They can also feel pressed by their ‘peers’ into testing with drugs and alcohol at a very early age. They wouldn’t have the confidence to stand up for themselves. As they get older their insecurities may lead to self-harm and possibly developing particular form of addiction. They would also find it hard to maintain any lengthy term relationships.
An explanation of the importance of designing services around the needs of children and young people:
Recognise that everybody is unique and can successfully achieve in different ways, Children and young people should have the chance to achieve the “every child matters”. Finding out what the child or young person’s views are and their development also if there is a disability or medical condition. Working with parent of the child or young person can also let you find out the background information. Children can travel free on the bus if having not a lot of money this can be a service that a child or young person may need for instance to get to school. Free school meals are also a good example because then the child/young person’s concentration will be better at school and it helps out with cost.
An explanation of the importance of active participation of children and young people in decisions affecting their lives:
Children and young people should be encouraged to participate and parents, staff should listen to what they have to say because a lot of the time
children/young people can feel they haven’t got a say and it doesn’t matter. Nevertheless, taking the time to consult with children and young people about decisions and events that affect their lives can have the most positive impact. All children and young people are supported to contribute in the decision creation course, they are listened to and things change in response to their contribution. We would like children and young people to feel that they can influence the services they get. Partaking is the progression by which children and young people influence decision making which brings around alteration in them, others, their services and their communities. There are many opportunities for children and young people to take a lively part in shaping where they live, the services they use and the running of local and national organisations. They have a right to be involved in the choices that affect them. Their contribution is vital to advance services and reply to their needs.
An explanation of how to support children and young people according to their age, needs and abilities to make personal choices and experiences:
For example if a child is too young to make their own choice alone an adult could give guidance for the child to make the right choice, or an option for the child to choose from, but so it didn’t cause any confusion for the child only use two possible options so its not too much for the child to take in all at once. With the abilities and needs the support given for children/young people could be things such as; ask what transport they might be using giving examples such as; bus, car, walking etc. then ask how much money they need so they are making their own decisions but with additional support. An explanation of the potential impact of disability, special requirements and attitudes on positive outcomes for children and young people on the outcomes and life chances of children and young people:
Children that use a wheel chair should always have access to places with not just stairs so they are able to attend. So adjustments made to suit their needs for example if somebody is behind on speech, reading and language then you wouldn’t give them big amounts of writing or you’d have somebody who can read to them if needed.
An explanation of the importance of positive attitudes towards disability and specific requirements:
Being positive and not to complain always want to help because everybody is different and unique in their own way and everybody may have specific requirements to help them achieve. So it’s always polite to have a positive attitude towards disability and special requirements. Everybody deserves to be treated with respect. Need to be aware of the requirements they need and access for them.
An explanation of the social and medical models of disability and the impact of each on practice:
The social and medical model of disability looks at different ways to address issues to enable people to achieve their potential, by looking at ways to adapt the environment so the child can feel included this is very important. The social and medical model has been listening to what disabled people want and to remove any barriers, which may be in their way. By removing barriers and adapting the environment you are allowing children and young people chances to achieve and learn which promotes confidence and self-esteem.
An explanation of the different types of support that are available for disabled children and young people and those with specific requirements:
Speech and language therapy this is support for children and young people with speech requirements, things what speech and language therapy can offer are; sheets on how best to help the child with his/her speech including picture cards with words on with either two, three and even four syllables and the child was encouraged to clap the amount of syllables while saying the word. Or 1:1 help with children and young people who have additional needs these children wouldn’t be separated from their peers because they wouldn’t be treat any different to anybody else due to their additional needs because everybody deserves a chance to achieve.