What Is Philosophy of Religion Essay

1. What is Philosophy of religion? is a branch of philosophy that asks questions about religion. Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy that asks questions about religion. It addresses not only the perennial question “Is there a God? ” but also the questions If there is, then what is he like? and, most important of all, What does that mean for us? 2. Give a brief history of the “philosophies” of religion. Ancient Philosophy,Medieval Philosophy, Early Modern Philosophy, Nineteenth-Century Philosophy,Twelth-century philosophy.

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Philiophers like that of Plato, Aristotle, St. Aquinas, Sartre, Hegel, St. Anselm etc. 3. What is the human position on the principle of causality in relation to the existence of God and the world? 4. What is an ontological argument? What is the distinguishing feature of St. Anselm’s theism that makes it ontological? An ontological argument for the existence of God attempts the method of a priori proof, which uses intuition and reason alone. 5. What is a cosmological argument? Explain St.

Aquinas’ argument from design.

The cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of a First Cause (or instead, an Uncaused cause) to the universe, and by extension is often used as an argument for the existence of an “unconditioned” or “supreme” being, usually then identified as God. It is traditionally known as an argument from universal causation, an argument from first cause, the causal argument or theargument from existence. Whichever term is employed, there are three basic variants of the argument, each with subtle yet important distinctions: the arguments from causation, in esse and in fieri, and the argument from contingency. . What differentiates Paley’s theism from St. Aquinas’? Paley describes the whole universe as a machine, a machine that was designed and created by an intelligent being. While Aquinas’ argument ask does an all powerful God exists. 7. Use your own example to explain the objectivity of conscience. Conscience is in all of us; it is up to us if we listen to our own conscience. It varies from person to person. We follow our conscience so that we will not be sanctioned by the consequences that come with it. 8. What is your opinion about the doctrine of eternal damnation?

Do you find it convincing as used in Pascal’s pragmatic theism? Eternal damnation is true, if we believe religion is true, if we also believe if God is true. It depends on what we believe. 9. What is a “religious experience”? Religious experience is certaion point in our life that we have an epiphany about our religious belief, may it be good or bad, the result is always the same, It may strengthen our belief in God or it may change our beliefs about God. 10. Explain the religious experience in the film Doubt. The religious experience in the film doubt is 11.

Contrast between the experiences the experience of the Holy for Otto and for Smith. 12. What does the idea of “hierophant” have to do with the experience of the sacred and the profane? Hierophany is the act of the manifestation of the sacred. 13. What is the “ultimate concern”? How did Tillich defend that religion is such? Tillich defines faith, and indirectly religion, as “ultimate concern. ” Religion is direction or movement toward the ultimate or the unconditional And God rightly defined might be called the Unconditional. God, in the true sense, is indefinable. 4. What is atheism? Is Marxism atheistic? How can it be a philosophy of religion? Atheists are person who believe that God does not exist because of proofs and facts. No, Marxism is not atheistic in their point-of-view, but in our point of view Marxism is atheistic. It is said to be theistically-atheistic because it does not say God does not exist but it asks “who is God? ” 15. What is economic alienation? Do you agree with Marx that it is the root of religious alienation? Economic alienation, when man is being separated from his own work because of capitalism. 6. Why is God a costly hypothesis in view of one’s freedom of choice according to Sartre? 17. What is your answer to the question posed by the article “Can a Truly Contemporary Person Not Be an Atheist? ” Yes, A truly contemporary person can also be an atheist. 18. Give a brief a reflection on what you want to say about your own institutional religion. Use any argument (whether a theism or an atheism) in this reflection. As a protestant, I cannot think of any argument that I can say that can be applied in my denomination and the religion Christianity.

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