Topic: Workplace Discrimination against LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: Discrimination occurs against LGBT who are in different industries. Thesis: In each state people are afraid of coming out in the workplace of different industrials because the chance of get fired or harassed (Throughout the US, those who are LGBT do not come out in their industries due to fear of harassment or getting fired). Introduction Attention Graber : Discrimination in the workplace continues within society against females, races, religion, age, and sexuality.
Reason to Listen: To prevent workplace discrimination happening again in our generation. Thesis Statement: In each state people are afraid of coming out in the workplace of different industrials because the chance of get fired or harassed. (Throughout the US, those who are LGBT do not come out in their industries due to fear of harassment or getting fired. ) Credibility Statement: My personal connection to this topic is that I know people who are discriminated in their workplace because of their sexuality.
The sources that I am using in this speech are journal articles from Jstor, newspaper articles , news websites and court cases.
Preview of the Main Point: First, differences between states. Second, changes throughout the decades, the influence of discrimination in the FBI . Third, international business. Body States that have laws that protect people from workplace discrimination in contrast to states that do nothave laws that protect people from workplace discrimination. In the United States, there are 16 states that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. “According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job pplicant or an employee. ” In the United States, there are more five states that specifically prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation. “According to the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), is an independent agency of the United States government that manages the civil service of the federal government. ” In the United States, there are 29 states that do allow discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. “Crosby Burns who is a research associate that specializes in LGBT workplace issue for the Center for American Progress.
The Center for American Progress is an independent nonpartisan educational institute dedicated to improving the lives of Americans through progressive ideas and action. ” Although, there are laws in certain states that that protect those who are LGBT. in federal agencies it is different. Discrimination against LGBT in the FBI has changed over time. . Back then when FBI agents are gay they were target by their coworkers and superiors. “According to an LA Times article, that was published on August 30, 1990, it states that FBI agents were not permitted to be openly gay because if they came out they could be blackmailed by communism. “According to ANN MARIE RYAN and JENNIFER LEAH WESSEL both have doctor in psychology stated that many of them hid their lifestyle because they were afraid of being prosecuted, that is why they had a dual lifestyle. ” A dual lifestyle: On the jobs they pass as a heterosexual complete with an imaginary boyfriend or girlfriend; during the evening and weekends they hang out with the homosexual friends but this tactic has caused many gay women and men to have tremendous anxiety over being caught as well as not being able to be themselves.
Example is the case of Frank Buttino according to Lambda Legal is an American civil rights organization that focuses on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) communities as well as people living with HIV/AIDS (PWAs) through impact litigation, education, and public policy work. Frank Buttino was the first openly gay FBI agent. “In 1969, he joined the FBI as a special agent and was assigned to Tampa and Detroit, where he took part in investigations of the radical left and the Ku Klux Klan. ” Frank filed a lawsuit charging the FBI with discrimination based on his sexual orientation.
In 1993, his federal class-action lawsuit began and Attorney General Janet Reno issued a statement for the Department of Justice that prohibited any agency within the Dept. of Justice from discriminating against any employee based on sexual orientation. As the year pass the FBI has become more lenient on LGBT agents. (according to Federal Bureau of Investigation database) The FBI does not discriminate against a person’s sexual orientation in regards to hiring. To be sure, the FBI has open lesbian, gay, bisexual, and possibly transgender employees, as well as an LGBT Advisory Committee.
The FBI welcomes and appreciates the contribution of its LGBT employees. The Sexual Orientation Program was established to address employee diversity issues and concerns of sexual orientation in the FBI workforce. Its primary goals are to ensure equal employment opportunity, promote effective and equitable participation, enhance career development opportunities for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender employees of the FBI, as well as to better educate all employees on sexual orientation issues along with other diversity matters affecting the FBI workforce. Workplace discrimination still continues but now in International Business (IB).
International business is a heavily closeted industry due to other country’s customs and perceptions of the LGBT community. (According to Annette Friskopp and Sharon Silverstein authors of Straight jobs and gay lives) Homosexuality is acceptable, however, , in other countries they believe that that any person who is gay will act upon their sexual preferences, which automatically becomes sexual conduct, and that is unacceptable. Workplace discrimination continues to happen in IB because people around the world are not use to open homosexuality in the workplace.
Those who work in IB are afraid of being openly gay because every country’s culture is different from the culture in the United States. Because many people around the world have a negative tolerance to LGBT. Working in private International business is one of the most common industries where most gays are closeted. . Because in private international business they have their own laws that are in place due to their own ethics and religion. Conclusion Review of Main Points: About 42 to 43. 14 percent of industries in the United States prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
The FBI offers more protection now in the workplace against LGBT discrimination than before. There are still closeted gays in the International Business industy. Restate Thesis: In each state people are afraid of coming out in the workplace of different industrials because the chance of get fired or harassed. . (Throughout the US, those who are LGBT do not come out in their industries due to fear of harassment or getting fired. ) Closure: I hope that my speech on discrimination against those who are LGBT in the workplace has inspired you all today to stand up against any types of discrimination.
It is up to our generation to take action now, so that the future will be better for the LGBT community and for other communities as well. Works Cited Are There Really Any Gay Male Athletes? An Empirical Survey Brian Garner and Richard W. Smith The Journal of Sex Research Vol. 13, No. 1 (Feb. , 1977), pp. 22-34 Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: http://www. jstor. org/stable/3811966 Burns, Crosby, Nan D. Hunter, Jeff Krehely, Christy Mallory, Brad Sears, and Lee Badgett. “An Executive Order to Prevent Discrimination Against LGBT Workers. ” Center for American Progress. N. p. , 19 Feb. 2013. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. CRAMER, JOHN D. “Ex-FBI Agent, Fired for Being Gay, Fights to Get Back Job. ” Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 30 Aug. 1990. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. . Collins, Andrew. New Orleans. Emeryville, CA: Avalon Travel, 2007. Print. “Employment Non-Discrimination Act. ” Human Rights Campaign. N. p. , 3 Jan. 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. . “Facts about Discrimination in Federal Government Employment Based on Marital Status, Political Affiliation, Status as a Parent, Sexual Orientation, or Transgender (Gender Identity) Status. ” Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation, Status as a Parent, Marital Status and Political Affiliation.
N. p. , n. d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. . “Federal Bureau of Investigation. ” Federal Bureau of Investigation. N. p. , n. d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. . “Federal Bureau of Investigation. ” Federal Bureau of Investigation. N. p. , n. d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. . “Frank Buttino. ” Frank Buttino. Lambda Archives, n. d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. . Friskopp, Annette, and Sharon Silverstein. Straight Jobs, Gay Lives: Gay and Lesbian Professionals, the Harvard Business School, and the American Workplace. New York: Scribner, 1995. Print. Molotsky,, Irvin. “GAY WORKERS GAIN BIAS RULE AT F. B. I. ” The New York Times.
The New York Times, 03 Dec. 1993. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. . McCormack, Mark. The Declining Significance of Homophobia: How Teenage Boys Are Redefining Masculinity and Heterosexuality. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2012. Print. Opening the Classroom Closet: Sexual Orientation and Self-Disclosure Katherine R. Allen Family Relations Vol. 44, No. 2 (Apr. , 1995), pp. 136-141 Published by: National Council on Family Relations Stable URL: http://www. jstor. org/stable/584799 “OPM. gov. ” U. S. Office of Personnel Management. N. p. , n. d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. . “Overview. ” About the EEOC:. N. p. , n. d. Web. 21 Feb. 2013. .
Tahmincioglu, Eve. “Job Discrimination Claims Rise to Record Levels. ” Msnbc. com. NBCNews, 9 Mar. 2009. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. . Sexual orientation harassment in the workplace: When do observers intervene? ANN MARIE RYAN and JENNIFER LEAH WESSEL Journal of Organizational Behavior Vol. 33, No. 4 (MAY 2012), pp. 488-511 Published by: Wiley Stable URL: http://www. jstor. org/stable/41416293 Tahmincioglu, Eve. “Job Discrimination Claims Rise to Record Levels. ” Msnbc. com. NBCNews, 9 Mar. 2009. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. . Wong, Venessa. “Lifestyle. ” Businessweek. com. Bloomberg, 29 July 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. .
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