Referred to the book of Slip and Fall Prevention (2003) by Steven Di Pilla, said that the procedures and controls should be in place together and document key information immediately after the event. Employees should be trained in what their roles will be in their event they must respond to an accident. Employees should be instructed to not make any statements that may imply fault. Failure to act on what is learned from the investigation could expose employees to potetial hazards and expose employers to potential citations and fines. (Robert A Battles)
Steven Di Pilla wrote that there a several theories of liability are put forth in a claim in order to place the moniker of liability upon management. * Failure to Comply with Code – a physical condition such as a stairway or ramp, that does not comply with local building code specifications. * Failure to Correct – the presence of an unabated hazardous condition of which management had received sufficient prior notice. * Failure to Warn – not advising individuals in advance of entry into a hazardous area or exposure to a hazardous condition or giving inadequate warnings. Failure to Inspect or Maintain – an inadequate safety program or non-observance of a materia existing safet program specification. Robert A . Battles wrotes in his journal of The Accidents Investigation: A Study In Prevention; recommended to have in place a basic investigation team that can repondimmediatly and effectively should an accidents occur. The basic team will consist of: 1. A Leader – Choose a leader who keeps the team focused and on task. 2. Experts – The team experts will be determined by the incident, so be prepared to adjust the team as your needs change.
You may not know exactly what you need until the investigation well under way. 3. Document control personnel – Organise and preserve the documentation collcted during the investigation. The team’s underlying documentation and data should be preserved. 4. Legal counsel – Have legal counsel present if the investigation process is going to be considered a priileged, confidential attorney/client work product. Most factual investigation ca scrutinized through the legal process of discovery at a later point in time. (Steven D. Pilla, 2003) It is essential that all factual investigation is as accurate s possible, Tis includes providing specific comments about the critical areas are claimant ad witness information, information about the actual event, condiion and design of the building components involved, stairs, handrails, landings and adequacy of lighting levels. Based on journal of Accident Investigation and Prevention Vol:1 (July 2012) stated that conclusion and judgement of need are key elements of the investigation that need to be developed by the Board. Conclusions are significant deductions derived from the investigation’s analytical results.
They are derived from and need to be supported bt the facts plus the result of testing and various analyses conducted. Conclusion may include consise statements of the causal factors of the accident determined by the analysis of fats, be stateents that alleviate potential confusion on issues that were origanlly suspected causes, address significant concerns arising out of the accident that are unsubstantiated or inconclusive and be used to highlight positive aspects of performance revealed during the investigation where appropriate.
References: Robert A. Battles. (2012) The Accident Investigation: A Study in Prevention. Lane Powell Attorneys & Counselors, Pp. 26 DOE Handbook. (July 2012) Accident Investigation and Prevention Vol:1 Accident Analysis Techniques. U. S. Department of Energy Washington, Pp. 86 Steven Di Pilla (2003) Slip and Fall Prevention: A Practical Handbook. New York: Lewis Publisher