Basic Education Essay
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9155and IRR R.A.
9155(An act instituting a framework of governance for basic education, establishing authority and accountability, renaming the department of education, culture and sports as the department of education, and for other purposes)“Governance of Basic Education Act of 2001.”to protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality basic education free and compulsory education in the elementary level and free education in the high school level. Alternative Learning System for the out-of-school youth and adult learners To provide them with the skills, knowledge, and valuyes they need to become caring, self-reliant, productive, and patriotic citizens.
The school shall be the heart of the formal education system.
School shall have a single aim for providing the best possible basic education. The State shall encourage local initiatives for improving the quality of basic education. The State shallensure that the values needs, and aspiration of a school community are reflected i the proram of education for the children, out-of-school youth and adult learners.
Schools and learning centers shall be empowered to make decisions on what is best for the learners they servePURPOSES AND OBJECTIVESThe purposes and objectives of this Act are:a) Framework for the governance of basic education;b) To define the roles and responsibilities of, and provide resources to, the field offices which shallimplement educational programs, projects, and services in communities they serve; c) Nationalism and foster love of country;d) Attention and education al program, projects, and services; e) Flexibility to serve the needs of all learners;f) Improvement of schools and learning centers; andg) To establish schools and learning centers as facilities where school children are able to learn a range of core competencies prescribed forelementary and high school education programs.
TERMINOLOGIES:a) Alternative Learning Systemb) Basic Educationc) Cluster of Schoolsd) Formal Educatione) Informal Educationf) Integrated Schoolsg) Learnerh) Learning Centeri) Learning Facilitatorj) Non-Formal Educationk) Quality Educationl) Schoolm) School HeadPRINCIPLES OF SHARED GOVERNANCEShared governanceThe process of democratic consultation shall be observed in the decision-making process at appropriate levels. The principles of accountability and transparency shall be operationalized in the performance of functions and responsibilities at all levelsRENAMING OF DECS into DepEdThe Department of Education, Culture and Sports shall henceforth be called the Department of Education. It shall be vested with authority, accountability and responsibility for ensuring access to, promoting equity in, and improving the quality of basic education. Arts, culture and sports shall be as provided for in Sections 8 and 9 hereof.
POWERS, DUTIES AND FUNCTIONSThe Secretary of the Department of Education shall exercise overall authority and supervision over the operations of the Department. A. National LevelIt is under the powers of the Secretary of Education, wherein the Secretary has the authority, accountability and responsibility for the following: 1. Formulating national educational policies;2.
Formulating a national basic education plan;3. Promulgating national educational standards;4. Monitoring and assessing national learning outcomes;5. Undertaking national educational research and studies;6.
Enhancing the employment status, professional competence, welfare and working conditions of all personnel of the Department; and 7. Enhancing the total development of learners through local and national programs and/or projects. 8. The Secretary shall have the ff.
People:not more than four (4) undersecretaries;Not more than four (4) assistant secretaries whose assignments, duties and responsibilities shall be governed by law. At least one undersecretaryOne assistant secretary who shall be career executive service officers chosen from among the staff of the Department. B. Regional LevelIt is under the power of the director, an assistant director and an office staff in which they has the authority, accountability and responsibility for the following: 1.
Defining a regional educational policy framework2. Developing a regional basic education plan;3. Developing regional educational standards;4. Monitoring, evaluating and assessing regional learning outcomes; 5.
Undertaking research projects and developing and managing regionwide projects; 6. Ensuring strict compliance with prescribed national criteria for the recruitment, selection and training of all staff in the region and divisions; 7. Formulating the budget to support the regional educational plan which shall take into account the educational plans of the divisions and districts; 8. Determining the organization component of the divisions and districts and approving the proposed staffing pattern of all employees in the divisions and districts; 9.
Hiring, placing and evaluating all employees in the regional office; 10. Evaluating all schools division superintendents and assistant division superintendents in the region; 11. Planning and managing the effective and efficient use of all personnel,physical and fiscal resources of the regional office; 12. Managing the database and management information system of the region; 13.
Approving the establishment of public and private elementary and high schools and learning centers; and 14. Performing such other functions as may be assigned by proper authorities C. Division LevelIt is under the power of the assistant schools division superintendent and an office staff wherein has the authority, accountability and responsibility for the following: 1. Developing and implementing division education development plans; 2.
Planning and managing the effective and efficient use of all personnel, physical and fiscal resources of the division; 3. Hiring, placing and evaluating all division supervisors and schools district supervisors, employees in the division, both teaching and non-teaching personnel, including school heads, except for the assistant division superintendent; 4. Monitoring the utilization of funds;5. Ensuring compliance of quality standards for basic education programs and for this purpose strengthening the role of division supervisors as subject area specialists; 6.
Promoting awareness of and adherence by all schools and learning centers to accreditation standards prescribed by the Secretary of Education; 7. Supervising the operations of all public and private elementary, secondary and integrated schools, and learning centers; and 8. Performing such other functions as may be assigned by proper authorities. D.
Schools District LevelIt is under the power of the schools district supervisor and an office staff has the authority, accountability and responsibility for the following: 1. Providing professional and instructional advice and support to the school heads and teachers/facilitators of schools and learning centers in the district or cluster thereof; 2. Curricula supervision; and3. Performing such other functions as may be assigned by proper authorities E.
School Levelschool head for all public elementary schools and public high schools or a cluster thereof. The school head, who may be assisted by an assistantschool head, shall be both an instructional leader and administrative manager. The school head shall form a team with the school teachers/learning facilitators for delivery of quality educational programs, projects and services. A core of non-teaching staff shall handle the school’s administrative, fiscal and auxiliary services.
1. Setting the mission, vision, goals and objectives of the school; 2. Creating an environment within the school that is conducive to teaching and learning; 3. Implementing the school curriculum;4.
Developing the school education program and school improvement plan; 5. Offering educational programs, projects and services;6. Introducing new and innovative modes of instruction to achieve higher learning outcomes; 7. Administering and managing all personnel, physical and fiscal resources of the school; 8.
Recommending the staffing complement of the school based on its needs; 9. Encouraging staff development;10. Establishing school and community networks. Encourages the active participation of teachers organizations, non-academic personnel of public schools, and parents-teachers-community associations; 11.
Such donations or grants must be reported to the appropriate district supervisors and division superintendents; and 12. Performing such other functions as may be assigned by proper authorities. The Secretary of Education shall create a promotions board, at the appropriate levels, which shall formulate and implement a system of promotion for schools division supervisors, schools district supervisors, and school heads. Promotion of school heads shall be based on educational qualification, merit and performance rather than on the number of teachers/learning facilitators and learners in the school.
The qualifications, salary grade, status of employment and welfare and benefits of school heads shall be the same for public elementary, secondary and integrated schools. No appointment to the positions of regional directors, assistant regional directors, schools division superintendents and assistant schools division superintendents shall be made unless the appointee is a career executive service officer who preferably shall have risen from the ranks. CULTURAL AGENCIESThe Komisyon ng Wikang Pilipino, National Historical Institute, Record Management and Archives Office and the National Library shall now be administratively attached to the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and no longer with the Department of Education. ABOLITION OF BPESSAll functions, programs and activities of the Department of Education related to sports competition shall be transferred to the Philippine Sports Commission (PSC).
The program for school sports and physical fitness shall remain part of the basic education curriculum. SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE OF OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIESJointly promulgate the guidelines on the allocation, distribution and utilization of resources provided by the national government for the field offices. Shall ensure that resources appropriated for the field offices are adequate and that resources for school personnel. The Secretary, subject to civil service laws and regulations, shall issue appropriate personnel policy rules and regulations The Commission on Audit, in the issuance of audit rules and regulations that will govern the utilization of all resources.
GOVERNANCE IN THE ARMMThe Regional Education Secretary for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) shall exercise similar governance authority over the divisions, districts, schools and learning centers in the region as may be provided in the Organic Act without prejudice to the provisions of Republic Act No. 9054. RULES AND REGULATIONSThe Secretary of Education shall promulgate the implementing rules and regulations within ninety (90) days after the approval of this Act: Provided, That, the Secretary of Education shall fully implement the principle of shared governance within two (2) years after the approval of this Act. SEPARABILITY CLAUSEIf for any reason, any portion or provision of this Act shall be declared unconstitutional, other parts or provisions hereof which are not affectedthereby shall continue to be in full force and effect.
REPEALING CLAUSEAll laws, decrees, executive orders, rules and regulations, part or parts thereof, inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. EFFECTIVITY CLAUSEThis Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days following its publication in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.