Francisco Dagohoy was a Filipino revolutionary leader in Bohol who holds the distinction of spearheading the longest armed revolution in the history of the Philippines, the Dagohoy rebellion which lasted roughly 85 years, from 1744-1829. The famed leader of the Bohol revolt, Dagohoy was born Francisco Sendrijas in Inabanga, Bohol. Hence, apart from the fact that Dagohoy was a cabeza de barangay, little accounts of his life were recorded. According to Visayan folklore, the term “Dagohoy” came from the words Dagon and Hayohoy meaning amulet and wind respectively.
During those times, Boholanos believe that Francisco had an amulet that enables him to fly. Likewise, the term “Dagon sa Hayohoy” (amulet of the wind) was coined. Consequently, it was shortened to “Dagohoy. ” The 85-year Dagohoy rebellion was insinuated by the abusive treatment Spanish authorities inflict upon the native Boholanos, specifically the polo y servicios or forced labor and the vandalla – an excessive taxation policy of tyrannical government officials.
Nevertheless, the last straw perhaps was when Dagohoy’s dead brother was deprived of a Christian burial because the latter died in a duel – an act which is banned and criticized by the Roman Catholic Church.
The incident angered Dagohoy thus, he called a meeting with Boholano leaders and planned an uprising against Spain. The 85-year revolt started in January 24, 1744 with the murder of Giuseppe Lamberti, an Italian Jesuit priest and the parish priest of Jagna.
Shortly, the news of the armed conflict spread all over the province. Eventually, Dagohoy himself killed Gaspar Morales, the same priest who refused a Christian burial for his brother. Dagohoy’s popularity grew tenfold resulting into the increased of his followers. By the time that the Spanish authorities in Manila took charge of the situation, Dagohoy had already established an independent Boholano government in the mountainous peaks and valleys of Bohol. In addition, Dagohoy had already a strong army of 20,000 men.
Dagohoy won skirmish after skirmish and crushed each and every Spanish military expedition who enter their territory in the mountains and valleys. Moreover, 20 Spanish-governor generals tried to exterminate the Dagohoy rebellion but to no avail, each one failed. During the mid part of the Dagohoy rebellion, the great leader himself died but his men continued to fight for the cause of freedom and equality until their eventual downfall in 1829 under the reign of Governor-General Mariano Ricafort. Hence, 19,240 surviving revolutionist were pardoned, signaling the end of the Dagohoy rebellion.
Cite this Biography of Francisco Dagohoy
Biography of Francisco Dagohoy. (2017, Jan 23). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/biography-of-francisco-dagohoy/