I. Highlights about the Writer Francisco Sionil Jose born on December 3 1924 in Rosales, Pangasinan He is the son of Antonio Jose an Aglipayan minister, and Sofia Sionil. He is married to Maria Teresa Jovellanos, father of seven children. He helped support his family at a young age raising hogs and working as a farmer. He studied at the Rosales Elementary School, Far Eastern University High School, Manila College of Pharmacy and Dentistry and the University of Santo Tomas (UST). He took literal arts in UST and became an editor in chief of “The Varsitarian” and “Commonwealth”.
He became inspired because of the works of Dr. Jose Rizal. He has great insights about the daily lives of the Filipinos. Living in the time where the Philippines is beginning to rise without help from foreign countries, this made Jose to create numerous short novels that reflects to the heart of the Filipino mind and soul, to the strengths and weaknesses of its men, women, and culture.
He based his works through keen observations that can be seen in the present time. He is known for his anti-elite views and authentic Filipino English style.
Jose developed great skills in making short stories and novels. His novels and short stories showed the class struggles and colonialism in Filipino society. WORKS: •Po-on (Dusk) (1984) •The Pretenders (1962) •My Brother, My Executioner (1973) •Mass (December 31, 1974) •Tree (1978) •Gagamba (The Spider Man) (1991) •Viajero (1993) •Sin (1994) •Ben Singkol (2001) •Ermita •Vibora! (2007) AWARDS: •Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature for the short stories, “The God Stealer,” 1959; “Waywaya,” 1979; and “Arbol de Fuego” (Firetree), 1980 • CCP Literary contests for the novel Tree , 1979 Fernando Ma. Guerrero Memorial Foundation Award for Literature from UST, the Republic Cultural Heritage Award for Tree •Ramon Magsaysay Award for Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts, 1980 •Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres, France, 2000 •Cultural Center of the Philippines Centennial Award, 1999 •The Order of Sacred Treasure, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon, Japan, 2001 •National Artist for Literature, Philippines, 2001 •Pablo Neruda Centennial Award, Chile, 2004 II. Synopsis The setting of the story took place in MH del Pilar Street in Ermita, July 15 1990.
The main character was Tranquilino Penoy otherwise called “Gagamba”. He is a cripples man selling sweepstakes tickets and also an valet in Camarin, a famous restaurant in Ermita. He had made a living there by the tips given to him by guarding the customer’s car. The story showed the daily struggles of Gagamba, by illustrating the image of his physical aspects. This made the dominant conflict for him, being born like a real spider, his struggles is much harder to overcome. That deformities in him was the antagonist of the story. The miracle that happened to him made the story interesting.
His story made connections into other characters in the story, like a web. A web with different characters that are of different classes and different stories represent the different kinds of people you can see in the Philippines. Each story is different from another, but each life is connected to another. Every events that happened was based on Gagamba’s point of view. That deformities in him was the antagonist of the story, but with his determination to live as a normal person, this made overcome his greatest hurdles in his life. III.
Justification of the Thesis A. MH del Pilar St. In Ermita, Manila illustrates the classic Filipino setting. It pictures the common lives of the Filipinos chasing their dreams in the metropolis. People migrating here are dreaming that one time they could get a big shot and make a living. It proves here that living in the Metro is not easy, great effort and lasting patience will be in need in order to survive this urban jungle. B. Gagamba and the rest of the characters showed the different types of people that expecting a good life by migrating into the Metro.
Same stories that can be applied in real life, the reader can relate to the stories. Every character here embodies the people with same stories in the novel. They represent the different cultures in our society. C. Camarin, it symbolizes poverty and tells a story of a day-to-day struggle. Eduardo Dantes and Senator Reyes, whose story represents prestige, power and corruption. Earthquake, symbolizes Great Flood in the bible. It killed the people who forgotten their values and religion. D. Dialogue that captured the thesis of the story. Was the quake then, as God’s act, a form of punishment? But he knew of so many sinful people who lived forever, who where inhuman and who cussed through all their waking hours and perhaps even in their dreams, men in the highest offices who were killer-not to that they did the killing with their own hands; they always had lackeys to hire, to order around, to do the foul deed for them. ” Pg. 120-121 IV. Personal Insights This novel that i read was a mind-opening one. At first i thought it was a boring one, but as the story goes deeper i got interested in it.
F. Sionil Jose accurately predicted the condition of the Philippines. It made me think that did F. Sionil Jose really observed that clearly? It made me realized that this novel was really an illustration of the Philippine society; discrimination between classes, the Filipino politicians, the elite, the businessmen, the beggars, the workers, and the cripple sweepstake ticket vendor. This was really a great novel, an insight of writer that will enlighten the reader’s about our society.
Cite this Writer Francisco Sionil Jose
Writer Francisco Sionil Jose. (2017, Jul 19). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/gagamba-35278/