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Chapter 7 Skeleton System

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    1. Red bone marrow functions in the formation of _______
    red and white blood cells and platelets.
    2. Which type of joint is the pubis symphysis?
    Cartilaginous
    3. ________ are the cells that form bone tissue by depositing bony matrix around themselves.
    Osteoblasts
    4. __________ is the process of blood cell formation.
    Hematopoiesis
    5. The movement of a limb away from the midline is ______.
    Abduction
    6. A meniscus functions to cushion articulating surfaces of bones.
    True
    7. Most people have 24 ribs
    True
    8. Cervical vertebrae can be distinguished from other types by the presence of
    transverse foramina.
    9. The appendicular skeleton consists of the parts that support and protect the head, neck, and trunk.
    False
    10. Which of the following describes the female pelvis compared to that of the male?
    The distance between the female ischial spines is greater
    11. The femur _______
    extends from the hip to the knee.
    has a large rounded head.
    articulates with the patella.
    is the longest bone in the body.
    *is all of these.*
    12. The cells responsible for removing excess bone tissue after the fracture repair process are _______
    osteoclasts.
    13. The joints between the vertebrae of the backbone are best described as _______
    slightly movable.
    14. The tarsal bones form the wrist.
    False
    15. What is the role or function of yellow marrow in the bone tissue?
    It is a site for storage of fat
    16. What type of joint allows the most movement between bones?
    Synovial joints
    17. The importance of fontanels in the infant’s skull is to permit some movement of bones, thereby enabling the infant to pass more easily though the birth canal.
    True
    18. The parietal bones meet the frontal bone along the sagittal suture.
    False
    19. The presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates that _______
    the bone is lengthening.
    20. Which of the following is the best definition of hematopoiesis?
    The process of blood cell formation
    21. The basic parts of a(an) __________ include a rod, fulcrum, weight, and force.
    lever
    22. The bones of the wrist together form the _________
    carpus
    23. The microscopic bony chambers that house mature bone cells are called _______
    lacunae.
    24. Which of the following bones has an acromion process?
    Scapula
    25. Osteoclasts are large cells that cause the breakdown of osseous tissue.
    True
    26. The xiphoid process is part of the _________________
    sternum
    27. Sinuses are found within all of the following bones except the _______
    zygomatic bones.
    28. Bone that develops within sheetlike layers of connective tissue is called _______
    intramembranous bone.
    29. Which type of joint has limited movement and is comprised mostly of hyaline cartilage?
    Cartilaginous joints
    30. The humerus has an olecranon fossa.
    True
    31. Which of the following is NOT included in the appendicular skeleton?
    Vertebral column
    32. Which of the following increase the risk of developing osteoporosis?
    Low intake of dietary calcium
    Lack of physical exercise
    Smoking
    Low intake of vitamin D
    *all of these*
    33. A long bone grows in thickness as bone tissue is deposited beneath its ___________
    Periosteum
    34. Which of the following terms and descriptions is correctly paired?
    Pronation-turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly (in anatomical position)
    35. Which of the following is not a function of bone?
    To provide nervous communication from bone to muscle
    36. Articular cartilage is _______
    hyaline cartilage
    37. Synovial fluid moistens and lubricates the cartilaginous surfaces within a joint.
    True
    38. Which of the following is part of the facial skeleton?
    Maxillary bone
    39. Which of the following is an example of a fibrous joint?
    Sutures in the skull
    40. The ___________ is the thin layer of cells that lines the medullary cavity within a long bone.
    Endosteum
    41. A bone includes _______
    dense connective tissue.
    blood.
    bone tissue.
    cartilage.
    *all of these*
    42. Which of the following bones is NOT included within the lower limb?
    ulna
    43. The zygomatic arch is composed of processes of the _______
    zygomatic and temporal bones.
    44. An osteocyte is a _______
    bone cell surrounded by matrix
    45. The salts that are abundant in the extracellular matrix of bone tissue consist largely of ______
    calcium phosphate.
    46. Which of the following is a function of bone which is the result of a relationship with skeletal muscle?
    movement of limbs
    47. The degenerative joint disease osteoarthritis may develop as a result of damage to the _______
    articular cartilage.
    48. Which of the following is included in the pectoral girdle?
    Scapula
    49. A cleft palate results from incomplete development of the _______
    maxillae.
    50. The cartilaginous parts that separate the vertebrae are called _________
    intervertebral discs
    51. The joint created by the two pubic bones is the _________
    Pubic Symphysis.
    52. The hip joint is a pivot joint.
    false
    53. Which of the following structures are protected by bones in the axial skeleton?
    the heart
    54. A hip bone includes a (an) _______
    ilium.
    ischium.
    pubis.
    acetabulum.
    *all of these.*
    55. Which type of joint is comprised mainly of dense connective tissue?
    Fibrous joints
    56. Vitamin D is needed for the proper absorption of calcium in the small intestine.
    true
    57. Which of the following is NOT a step in the formation of endochondral bone?
    Hyaline cartilage changes to adipose tissue.
    58. The zygomatic bone is an example of a (an) _______
    irregular bone

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