Many factors generate crime. That ‘inner morality’ necessary to resist the temptation to rape, rob, or kill weakens in an environment of broken homes, systemic poverty, ethical relativism, religious decline. Poverty ’causes’ crime in general in the same way that pornography causes sex crimes and television violence causes violence by children: it is a predispositive condition. If the family life could be strengthened, raise the living standard, instill character values this could have an impact on lowering the crime rate.
In my research on crime in urban areas versus crime in the suburban areas; I predict that people who live in urban areas will have a much higher crime rate than those living in suburban areas.
Poverty is crime’s chief messenger in the United States. Studies have found that poverty, not race, is responsible for high crime rates in urban communities. This was revealed in a study completed by an Ohio State University research team that reviewed data collected from neighborhoods in Columbus, Ohio (Michigan Chronicle, 1997).
One of the key bits of information gathered revealed that the rates of violent crime in extremely poor white neighborhoods were very much like those in comparable minority neighborhoods. Urban poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. The urban poor live with many deprivations. Their daily challenges may include; •limited access to employment opportunities and income •inadequate and insecure housing and services •violent and unhealthy environments •little or no social protection mechanisms limited access to adequate health and education opportunities The causes of crime in urban areas have been studied many times. Such issues as unemployment, lack of education, and poverty are those most mentioned. There is an interaction among these factors, and they cannot be viewed as isolated phenomena. When a person is undereducated, the possibility of being unemployed is greatly increased. Quite naturally, unemployment leads to poverty. Deteriorating neighborhoods in the cities of Michigan and the United States are breeding grounds for crime.
Crime evolves from the varying kinds of discrimination that most affect the poverty stricken population. Urban crime is entwined with the socioeconomic situation that exists in our country. When people have no jobs, they do what they feel they have to do in order to survive. Often this means committing crimes. This is not an attempt to offer justification, but simply to indicate that crime is related to unemployment, lack of education and poverty. A critical point is that the poverty-stricken populations are at the bottom of the economic ladder.
The kinds of jobs held by many of these individuals are those most affected by negative economic swings. These are the so-called service-related jobs. In these kinds of jobs, the work force tends not to be unionized and is subject to more layoffs when business slows. Unfortunately, this population often fall victim to the sequence of last hired, first fired. This means that those that are living at or below the poverty level are often faced with the fact that the possibility of employment does not exist.
Environment has a great deal to do with an individual’s life chances. In the areas of employment, education and income, the poverty population are at a deficit when compared to their middle – upper-class counterparts. These factors are interrelated and must be viewed in this context. A poor education leads to limited employment possibilities and limited income. Unemployment is a way of life for the undereducated people living below the poverty level. This leads one to look at the relationship between crime and economic factors.
Petersilla (1983:75) found in interviews of black and white offenders that a greater percentage of black respondents indicated that losing their jobs, being unable to get a job, or needing money for self-support were very important in causing them to turn to crime. White offenders were more likely to report that their crimes resulted from taking drugs or alcohol, or from trying to get money for drugs. Many times individuals act in a desperate manner when they view their situation as being desperate.
People living at or below poverty level feel that their chances of getting jobs and pulling themselves out of poverty has a minimal rate of success. Often times these people have less than a high school education, and this means that the only kind of job, if any, that can be secured is entry level. When the economic situation is not good, even this kind of job is hard to find. According to the FBI’s final crime statistics for 2006, see chart below, violent crime is up for the second consecutive year, the first time that’s happened in over 10 years. Until 2005, violent crime had steadily dropped over 15 years.
The new rise in violence is gradual, not a tidal wave. However, it is still sobering for law enforcement agencies that now realize they have been overconfident. In an article in the Detroit News, Sunday, August 15, 2004 it stated that from January 2004 to August 2004 there were more than 800 people that were shot in Detroit a 70 percent jump in gun violence that experts and police blame on a variety of factors, from upheaval and scarce resources in the police department to high unemployment rates among young males and a hip-hop culture that condones gunfire to solve disputes.
According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report “National Crime Victimization Survey” (October 2000), it was reported that in 1998 urban residents experienced overall violent crime, rape and sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault, and personal theft at higher rates than suburban or rural residents. Urban households also sustained overall property crime, burglary, motor vehicle theft, and theft at higher rates than suburban or rural households did. Based on a trend report from 1976 to 2005 conducted by the U. S. Department of Justice it shows that: ? ver half of the homicides occurred in cities with a population of 100,000 or more ? almost one-quarter of the homicides occurred in cities with a population of over 1 million. Certain homicide types vary by size of place for the years 1976-2005 combined, large cities are ? much more commonly the site of drug-related and gang-related killings ? relatively less likely to be the location of family-related and work-related homicides. Conventional wisdom has held that poverty causes crime. Warring on poverty, inadequate housing, and unemployment is warring on crime.
As explained in the Wilkipedia encyclopedia, The War on Poverty is the name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address on January 8, 1964. Poverty and neighborhood degradation often result from crime. Places where crime and disorder increases, results in an utter of desolation, making these neighborhoods no longer recognizable. Populations are rapidly expanding and there is increasing immigration and migration to urban areas. There are now increasing disparities between rich and poor and greater concentration of poverty.
Children and young people have been especially affected by these changes, and unemployment, homelessness, substance abuse and crime have increased. These developments have already had a significant impact on safety and security in many cities and countries, and are likely to continue. There is now increasing knowledge about the links between poverty and social disadvantage, crime and victimization. The factors which put children and families at risk of crime and victimization (or which protect them) are now well known.
They make it clear that many agencies need to work together to prevent crime and victimization. The residents of high crime communities often lack the skills and resources to effectively get them out of their current state. They are poor, not educated and many are single parents struggling with family responsibilities. As such, they often face problems in socializing their children against crime and providing them with a stake in conformity, like the skills to do well in school or the connections to secure a good job.
They typically do not own their own homes, which lowers their investment in the community. They may hope to move to a more desirable community as soon as they are able, which also lowers their investment in the community. They are less likely to intervene in neighborhood affairs—like monitoring the behavior of neighborhood residents and sanctioning crime. People who are disposed to crime generally commit more crime than those who are not. But even the most predisposed people do not commit crime all of the time.
In fact, they obey the law in most situations. Several theories argue that predisposed individuals are more likely to engage in crime in some types of situations than others. These theories specify the types of situations most conducive to crime. Such theories usually argue that crime is most likely in those types of situations where the benefits of crime are seen as high and the costs as low, an argument very compatible with social learning theory. At the conclusion of my research, I discovered that my overall prediction was correct.
There is an increasingly higher rate of crime in urban areas compared to suburban areas. Crime is more likely in communities that are economically deprived, large in size, and less educated. . References: Poverty is crime’s chief messenger in the U. S. (Michigan Chronicle, June 24, 1997). U. S. Department of Justice. Homicide trends in the U. S. Trends by city size. Retrieved December 8, 2007, from http://www. ojp. usdoj. gov/bjs/homicide/city. htm. Petersilia, Joan. Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System.
Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1983, pp. 75. Shootings in Detroit soar in ’04 (Detroit News, August 15, 2004) Urban, Suburban, and Rural Victimization, 1993-98. Retrieved December 8, 2007, from http://www. ojp. usdoj. gov/bjs/pub/pdf/usrv98. pdf. Federal Bureau of Investigations, CRIME IN THE U. S. 2006 All the Statistics Now Online. Retrieved December 8, 2007, from htttp://www. fbi. gov/page2/sept07/cius092407. htm Wilkepedia Encyclopedia, War on Poverty, Retrieved December 8, 2007 from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/War_on_Poverty
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Crime in Urban Areas. (2018, Feb 24). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/crime-in-urban-areas/