Animal emotion Is a difficult and controversial subject. Scientific research Is confirming what humans Intuitively know: that animals have feelings and able to experience diverse types of emotions. Skeptics believe there are no possible ways animals can have emotions. They refuse the idea animals experience happiness or any other type of emotions as anthropomorphism; which occurs when humans project their own characteristics or behaviors to animals. Josh Clark offers an example of this phenomenon: the story of Hack, a dog that lived in Japan.
Every day, this dog and his owner went to the train station. The dog was there every afternoon waiting for his owner to come back, but when his owners died, the loyal Hack spent the rest of his life going back to the train station to wait for his owner. Opponents of animal emotions argue the dog acted by Instinct, he was used to go to the train station every day; this does not mean he was being loyal to his owner.
Animals have not the capacity of thinking or the skills to analyze how a situation makes them feel. But, are animals really showing emotions or are they Just acting Instinctively?
Recently, the study of animal emotions Is an active and developing subject of science; interest in animal emotions is increasing among scientists. With the intention of proving that animals have feelings; Dry. Ajax Pancakes, has been researching animal behavior since 1979. As a professor of Physiology and Neuroscience in Washington State University; he conducted a remarkable investigation with rats. His study consists of placing several sensors that control rough and tumble play in rats. When the volume of those sensors is increased, the lawfulness in the rats is reduced, suggesting that some type of communication occurred among those rats.
Consequently, rats were less willing to play. As a part of this experiment, rats are tickled on a regular basis to record their response. Rats seem to enjoy when they are tickled and look very engaged on this activity. This keeps open the possibility that tickle them creates positive emotions which can be translated into rat laughter (Pancakes, “Laughing rats and the evolutionary antecedents of human job’). In addition to that investigation, Dry. Pancakes realized another study about the brain process which indicates animals are able to feel emotions as well as humans does.
According to this research, all mammals, including humans; have the perceptually gray; an area of the brain responsible for generating emotional effects such as fear, anger, lust, separation distress, and the desire to be nurture. (Pancakes, “Empathy and the Laws of Affect”) Panacea’s findings left no doubt that animals, at least all mammals, have the ability to experience emotions. Recent observations about animals taking care of others or displaying unusual behavior difficult to explain from a human perspective; makes us consider there Is something else other than Instinct Inside those animals’ brains and hearts.
This Is the example of the amazing video on Animal Planet showing the case of a dog tried to cross the highway; one is hit by a car and is seriously injured. The other dog risking his own life went to his rescue, and dragged him to the other side of the highway to save him. How skeptics can refute this amazing case? (Animal Planet) In addition to observations of animal behavior in captive environment, scientists eave performed studies on animals in the wild. A group of researchers in Samba’s, Kenya, including wildlife biologist, Shiva Ball have been observing elephant behavior for several years.
They are able to identify each elephant and to what family each belongs. Elephants form strong bonds with their family members. One of the most surprising aspects of elephants is their capacity to grief. When one of the family members dies, the rest of the group mourns that death. Ball on one of her field dairy reports describes the death of Eleanor, a matriarch elephant from one of the numerous elephants’ families. Eleanor was bitten by a snake, this prevent he from walking from walking and moving at the same pace of the rest of the herd.
When she fell, another matriarch elephant; from a different family tried to lift her several times, this elephant looked distraught, anxious, and worried about Eleanor. Unfortunately, when her attempts to save Eleanor failed, she left and Eleanor died as a consequence of the venomous bite. The following day, Loner’s family as well as other elephants from different families, visited the place where she died. Her family surprisingly continued to visit her carcass often (Ball).
Journalist Roger Hightailed, points out the investigations from a group of researchers from Oxford University, who have been recording the movements of elephants in Kenya with the help from a radio tracking system placed throughout the area. Researchers conclude that elephants demonstrate a special interest in the dead of their own specie, and that elephants are capable of grieving and showing emotions such as compassion. Recent discoveries have demonstrated that mammals have the same structure of the nervous system and neurological composition that are important for feelings. As
Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Colorado Marc Befog explains, “Neuroscience shows that humans are not the sole occupants of the emotional arena. Dogs and many other animals can be happy, sad, and get passed off. They let their tails do the talking. Animals talks to us using a myriad of behavior patterns, postures, gestures, and gaits, along with their mouths, tails, eyes, ears, and noses” (Befog. Despite of scientific evidence that supports and validates that animals have emotions, there are still few that remain skeptical and deny its existence.
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Do Animals Have Emotions. (2018, Feb 04). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/do-animals-have-emotions/