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Essays on Utilitarianism

We found 31 free papers on Utilitarianism

Deontology and Utilitarianism


Words: 1329 (6 pages)

Describe the main principles of the two normative ethical theories of deontology and utilitarianism. Compare and contrast the two theories, bringing out any problems or limitations you see in each. INTRODUCTION:- Bioethicists ask these questions in the context of modern medicine and draw on a plurality of traditions, both secular and religious, to help society…

Act Utilitarianism Is Associated With Jeremy Bentham


Words: 401 (2 pages)

The basic foundation answering what is considered good, would lead to a consequentialist answer that is anything producing a net amount of pleasure or happiness. All people seek happiness so this is the ideal mechanism that determines morality. Utilitarianism is a perspective wherein the fulfillment of the best number of people in the overall population…

Utilitarian Arguments



Words: 1687 (7 pages)

I have always been one to side with a utilitarian’s point of view, such as Mill and Bentham. The greatest happiness of the greatest number, or as cold as it may be, sacrificing the few for the good of the many. Utilitarian moral theories evaluate the moral worth of action on the basis of happiness…

Objections to Utilitarianism



Words: 1438 (6 pages)

OBJECTIONS TO UTIILITARIANISM SECTION (1) INTRODUCTION We noted, last week, that UTILITARIANISM is a version of CONSEQUENTIALISM in that it holds that the RIGHT action (in any given situation) is the action WHICH HAS THE WHICH HAS THE BEST CONSEQUENCES; CONSEQUENTIALIST ethical theories may be contrasted with DEONTOLOGICAL – or DUTY-BASED theories (such as Kant’s)…

Utilitarianism: Pros and Cons


Words: 663 (3 pages)

Antoine James September 29, 2010 Justice & Legal Theory Utilitarianism: Pros and Cons Random House Dictionary defines utilitarianism as “the ethical doctrine that virtue is based on utility, and that conduct should be directed toward promoting the greatest happiness of the greatest number of persons. The father of utilitarianism, Jeremy Beneath believed that all human…

Empress Luxury Lines Case Analysis

applied ethics



social institutions


Words: 1976 (8 pages)

To provide background regarding the Empress Luxury Lines case, in the case Kevin Pfeiffer, a computer technician initially told Antonio Melendez that it appeared that top management found a way to fund the computer system upgrade that he requested two years prior. The beginning of this originated from problems incurred with the computer system when…

Compare and Contrast Five Ethical Models







Words: 3099 (13 pages)

Ethics play an integral and necessary part in our lives. An individual’s course of action is dictated by which ethical model they adhere to. Ethics answers the question, “What do I do? ” It is the study of right and wrong. “At a more fundamental level, it is the method by which we categorize our…

Definition of Utilitarianism


Words: 1062 (5 pages)

Given that all sound moral theories are multifaceted outlines for the best methods of action for humanity, we all have our opinions as to which of these theories are valid and which are not. Moreover, given that the innate nature of ethics is subjective, no matter what theory we choose to employ, there will always…

Utilitarianism and Deontology


Words: 506 (3 pages)

Utilitarianism and Deontology Kambua Medical Consultants Ltd, a firm which offers medical consultations is the Company of focus. The doctors in this firm are faced with several ethical issues which will be judged whether they are morally right or wrong based on the two theories. In a typical business environment, all services offered must be…

Explain Benthams Utilitarianism


Words: 589 (3 pages)

Explain Benthams Utiliarianism (30 marks) The theory of utilitarianism was put forward entierly by Jeremy Bentham, who wrote about Ethics and Politics. He was a social reformer keen to improve the lives of the working class. Many of the improvements made in the treatments of criminals in the 18th and 19th centuries were the results…

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Everything you need to know to write a perfect Essay on Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a family of normative ethical theories that prescribe actions that maximize happiness and well-being for all affected individuals.

Principles: 1) The basic principle of Mill’s Utilitarianism is the greatest happiness principle (PU): an action is right insofar as it maximizes general utility, which Mill identifies with happiness.,

Father: Jeremy Bentham was a philosopher, economist, jurist, and legal reformer and the founder of modern utilitarianism, an ethical theory holding that actions are morally right if they tend to promote happiness or pleasure (and morally wrong if they tend to promote unhappiness or pain) among all those affected by them.,

Origin: The origins of Utilitarianism are often traced back to the Epicureanism of the followers of the Greek philosopher Epicurus. It can be argued that David Hume and Edmund Burke were proto-Utilitarians. But as a specific school of thought, it is generally credited to the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham.,

Purpose: Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).,

Frequently Asked Questions

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What are the basic principles of utilitarian ethics?
1) Mill's Utilitarianism (the basic principle) is the greatest happiness principle. An action is right insofar that it maximizes overall utility. Mill also associates happiness with this principle.
What is utilitarianism theory?
Utilitarianism describes a theory on morality that supports actions that create happiness and disapproves of actions that cause it. Utilitarianism promotes the "greatest amount of good for as many people as possible."
What is the main idea of utilitarianism?
Utilitarianism can be described as one of moral theories that is most widely known and influential. Similar to other forms, Utilitarianism's core idea states that actions can be morally right or wrong depending on how they are influenced. Particularly, the only relevant consequences of actions are the good and the bad results they produce.

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