The purpose of this study is to determine the level of perception on factors affecting the performance of BSBA students during On-the-Job Training. The significant difference on the perception level when the respondents are grouped according to profile was also considered.
This study were participated by fifty (50) selected BSBA students from evening and upward mobility program (UMP). Descriptive-comparative type of research was employed in this study. Respondents were selected through purposive sampling technique.
Results have revealed that majority of the respondents is female ages 20-23 years old which comprised about 78% of the total population. It also shows the trainees belong to third year evening and weekend class of Brokenshire College with more than half of the total population (86%). The results further revealed that time availability, personality, and the problem encountered show significant difference in terms of gender.
Majority of respondents strongly agreed that time management (x=4.42), personality (x=4.47), and competence (x=4.66) are the factors affecting performance of the trainees in their OJT. However, they have only agreed that problems encountered the training can affect their performance (x=3.60).
Furthermore, there is no significant difference on the level of perception on the factors affecting OJT performance when grouped according to age, course program, and year level. This implies that the respondents have the same perception level on factors affecting performance on OJT. However, the respondents differ in the perception level on time management, personality, and competence as factors affecting performance in OJT. In the area of problems encountered, respondents do not differ in their perception.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables
List of Figures
Problem and Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Scope and Limitation
Significance of the Study
Definition of Terms
Review of Related Literature:
Tools and Data Analysis
Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data:
Profile of the Respondents
Level of Perception of the Factors Affecting
Performance in OJT when grouped according to
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND:
Education has been regarded as a means toward economic stability and progress. The increases productivity of the workforce is due mainly to the increase in the education and training of the people. The success and development of the country would greatly depend in the productivity of its human resources – which is considered as one of the vital asset of the nation. The rapid change of economic status in Davao City offers competitive opportunities for an existing and rewarding career. This has led colleges and universities to offer business courses. These institutions have responded to this challenge with the comprehensive blend of practical and theoretical courses driven by business. The programs performance based training is increasingly recognized as vital in promoting the standard of excellence required in today’s business world (Roldan, 2007).
Graduates of business course will have a lot of management and technical skills which enable them to immediately be productive in the workplace. Special emphasis will be placed on preparing students for the trends in globalization which will be established in the future (Samuel, 2007).
Measuring the performance of BSBA practicumers is very challenging since student performance is a product of socio-economic, psychological, and environmental factors. This study will help us find out the factors responsible for students elastic behaviour towards study along with those factors that will help the student make a progress in their studies.
On-the-Job Training takes place in a normal working situation, using the actual tools, equipment’s, documents, and materials for trainees to be fully trained. Training has specific goals of improving one’s capacity, capability
The BSBA program integrates theory and practice to provide you with a strong management and service orientation as well as a global perspective of business operations.
The BSBA students have the opportunity to gain practical experience in the workplace as well as a numerous industry related activities scheduled during the school year. The program prides itself on interacting with the industry and building a network which promotes career preparations and development.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the performance of BSBA students during On-the-Job Training.
Specifically it sought to answer the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of:
c) Year level, and
d) Course program
2. What is the level of perceptions of the respondents on the factors affecting OJT performance based on:
a) Time Management
c) Problems encountered, and
3. Is there a significant difference on the factors affecting OJT performance when grouped according to profile?
There is no significant difference on the level of perception on the factors affecting the performance of the BSBA students during OJT when grouped
according to profile. FRAMEWORK
Fig 1. Schematic Diagram of the Study
The independent variables are the profile of the respondents in terms of age, sex, year level, and course program. While the dependent variable are the factors affecting the performance of the BSBA students during OJT.
In this study, the researcher theorized factors affecting the performance of BSBA students during OJT. Kilpatric (1994) makes the point to measure the change in behaviour because this is the learning of practicum students obtain during the OJT. The point of this is to extent of behaviour capability, improvement, implementation, applications as well as the way to increase the performance of student during their OJT. Various motives have different results for students learning and performance. One is the development factor and complex behaviour and performance during their OJT. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SCOPE AND LIMITATION
This study covered the fifty (50) BSBA students from evening and upward mobility program of Brokenshire College. They were selected on the basis of the completion of their OJT during the summer class S.Y. 2012 – 2013.
Meanwhile, this study was only limited on the perception of the respondents on the factors that affect the performance of BSBA students during OJT. These factors include time management, personality, problem encountered, and competence.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
TRAINEES.This study is useful to the students during their OJT. The importance of this study is to evaluate the performance of BSBA practicumers to familiarize them with what to expect in the work site particularly on where they will exert effort of share ideas to be exposed and to learn to adapt to the kind of work they will get after graduation. RESEARCHERS.This study will be more important for us researchers because this will help us to be more responsible while On-the-Job Training and inform us the effect of OJT to daily performance of BSBA student. Furthermore, through this evaluative study the trainee will be more productive in terms of providing services and products in the market. INSTITUTION. This study will be also important to the institution for this would provide insights and recommendations on how to help the practicumers on their on-the-job training effectively and properly managed. FUTURE RESEARCHERS. This study will serve as a guide to the future researchers and will make their research easy. They will get ideas, thoughts, and more knowledge for problems related to this. DEFINITION OF TERMS
Time Management –
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
This chapter presents the conceptual literature, research literature and the synthesis of the study. CONCEPTUAL LITERATURE
Todays, in this world of booming technology industry, courses like Bachelor of Science in Business Administration being upgraded to keep up with the information age. BSBA Department provides innovation in terms of quality of teaching and trainings, research and development, effectiveness and competency. On-the-Job Training is one of the training methods, because it is planned, organized and conducted at the employee’s worksite. OJT will generally be the primary method used for broadening employee skills and increasing productivity (McKenna and Beech, 2002). On-the-Job Training can be an effective training method for skills development because it can cause many problems if the skills and knowledge needed are not provided to the workers (Hall, 1990), he test whether this gap arise because women select workplaces that offer non-pecuniary benefits such as work-life of a part-time workers responsibilities while male have the difficulties in time. Another reason explored is the ability to communicate with others and self-confidence of males compared to females. Business Administration department led on the result of Clarks study it was evident that there was a significant difference on the perception level of the respondents in time management, personality and competence when classified according to sex.
Your attitude in the workplace can be one of the most – if not the most – telling aspect of how others in the company look at you and feel about you as a coworker stated by Mueller (2006). Your attitude therefore will definitely define you. Personality according to psychology is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that make a person unique. In addition to this, personality arises from within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout life. Mendoza as cited by Bahian (2008) asserted that the students level of achievement in significantly related to the on the job training what the students learn from the classroom is what the students apply during OJT. The school provided related instruction and related skills; the role of industries is to sharpen the student’s competencies ad activities. Thus, cooperating industries should provided the student trainees the necessary reserves needed to improve their performance level of proficiency and specific skills and field of specialization. According to Morill (2001), working student reports more procrastination regarding weekly assignments rather than regular students. Rime management and geographical barriers influence of the performance during training. Unfortunately, students generally perceive that limited time does not have the negative effect on their performance.
Kilpatric (1994), makes the point that measures the changes in behaviour of practicum students during OJT especially on the extent of behaviour capability, improvement, behaviour implemented, application and as well as an increase in performance. Various motives have different results for students learning and performance. One is the development factor of complex behaviour and performance during their OJT.
Murphy (2008), in her “Learning for Performance Theory”, claimed that content and appropriate performance based on age of trains can improve knowledge and skills performance. Furthermore, she emphasized the efficiency, relevance, and preparation of learners for job performance during their training. According to Koontz (2007) many opportunities for development can be found on-the-job. Trainees can learn as they contribute to the aims of the enterprise. However, because this approach requires competent higher – level managers who can teach and coach trainees, there are limitations to do on-the-job training.
According to Clark (1997), job satisfaction gender gap remains robust that women are still happier than men at work. Particularly
This study introduces the factors affecting the performance of BSBA student during On-the-Job Training. Their performance will be evaluated during their on the job training. The business industry covers a wide range of organizations offering different types of services and products. In this scenario, business industry offers training to students with related courses to make their carer more challenges.
The business industry is the largest and fastest growing industry in the world. One of the most different professions its diverse as the business industry is, there are some powerful and common dynamics which include the delivery of services and products.
The Business Administration course responds to this challenge which comprehensive.
This chapter presents the methodology and techniques used in this study. It includes research design, statistical treatment of data, respondents of the study, and tools of data analysis. RESEARCH DESIGN
The researchers utilized a descriptive method of research in conducting the study. This method is intended to find existing facts that shall serve as an information process in the study. According to Calmorin (2007) descriptive research are valuable in providing facts on which scientific judgment maybe based; providing practices, behavior, methods and procedures; playing a large part in the development of instruments for the measurement of many things; and formulating policies in the local, national or international level. This study is designed to determine the level of perception on factors affecting the performance of Brokenshire College BSBA students during On-the-Job Training. RESPONDENTS OF THE STUDY
This study was confined to the students under the School of Business Administration major in Marketing Management and Microfinance Management who currently enrolled in their practicum course for academic year 2012-2013. Sampling Plan. The researchers utilized stratified random sampling. In this design the sample was obtained by separating the population units into none over – lapping groups determined by certain characteristics. Then samples were selected within each group by simple random sampling.
TOOLS AND DATA ANALYSIS
The major instrument used to gather data was the survey – questionnaire, unstructured interview, observation and documentary materials were also utilized to supplement information. The survey – questionnaire was designed to seek information in order to determine the level of perception on factors affecting the performance of Brokenshire College BSBA students during On-the-Job Training.
The researchers also employed unstructured interviews to gather first – hand data and information that would be relevant in the study. There was no outline to follow nor fixed questions asked. Selected respondents were interviewed in casual conversation and their answers were delivered directly in the form of comments, opinions and suggestions based on their observations and experiences.
This study makes use of documentary material to provide supplemental facts such as evaluation form and journals.
Lastly, the researchers further make observations; it is one of the earliest methods for acquiring knowledge. In this method the researchers watches closely the next behavior of the subjects under investigations in various natural setting.
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Extent of Factors affecting the performance of BSBA student during OJT 4
A. Time Management
1) Report to office neatly and well-groomed.
2) Report to office properly attired.
3) Posse’s emotional maturity always.
4) Showing self-confidence.
5) Have the knowledge of the job assigned tasks.
C. Problems Encountered
1) Lack of self – confidence.
2) Time conflicts between classes and on-the-job training schedule.
3) The distance of the cooperating firm is too far from school or my home.
4) Inadequate knowledge regarding the task assigned to me.
5) There is a risk of accident in the place.