Immune System and Infection Control Staff Essay

1 it is the employees responsibility and role in relation to the prevention and control of infection by: • Ensure personal hygiene is kept to a maximum, hands are continuously washed and are done so before assisting an individual and after assisting an individual and are also sanitised after washing each time. • PPE is worn at all times when dealing with personal hygine matters and bodily fluids. • Soiled materials and any bodily fluids are disposed of in the correct methods and in the correct bins provided.

To report any issues requarding infections to the manager or senior in charge, for example any cases of sickness and diahhrea or rashes. 1. 2Employers responsibilities and roles are to: • Ensure staff have infection control awareness and adequate training. • Hand washing facilities are available throughout the building. • PPE equiptment is available at all times for staff to use. • Correct facilities are available for staff to dispose of soiled and contaminated materials or objects. Report and outbreaks or diseases which cause a risk to the public and other individuals to the health protection unit and RIDDOR.

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• Isolate individuals who may be infectous and a danger of spreading infection and arrange for the approapiate treatment to be given by G. P. 2. 1 Current legislation and regulatory body standards which are relevant to the prevention and control of infection include: • Health and safety at work act 1974 • Coshh 2002 • RIDDOR 1995 • Enviomental protection act 1990 • Care standards act PPE regulations 2002 Local and organisational policiesrelevant to the prevention and control of infection include: • All staff must have the approapite training in infection control • Staff must be aware of measures to take in controlling and outbreak of infection.

• All infections which cause risk of outbreak to public must be reported to DOH and RIDDOR • Staff must use the approapiate PPE equiptment supplied and sufficient stock should be kept at all time to ensure this is available at all times. Staff are to report to the manager or senior any risk of infection to themselfs and others • Staff must report if they have a infection themselves which can cause an outbreak or danger to others, to their manager or senior. • All approapiate measures are to be taken to ensure the infection is kept minimum and eliminated. 3. 1 procedures and systems relevent to the prevention of infections include: • Washing hands regularly and applying a sanitiser after. Ensure food hygine standards are met by ensuring all work surfaces are kept clean and free of debree, food is stored correctle and prepared on suitable surfaces ( colour coded chopping boards) to prevent the risk of cross contamination. • Care staff do not enter a food preparation area at all times • If an individual has an ifection which is contagous then isolating that individual until the infection is no longer contagous. • Ensuring visitors sanitise hands before entering the home and when leaving. 3. if an outbreak of infection was to break out in the home the impact on the individual would leave them feeling isolated and lonely as they would not be able to have contact with any relative until they was clear of an infection. The impact on the home would also be dramatic as the home would have to close to all visitors and also incoming residents, they would have to prosone all admissions to the home until the outbreak was resolved, a public notice could go out warning of the infection which then could worry people about letting their loved ones go into the home .

Staff would also have to remain in the home to stop the risk of the outbreak reaching the public and recieve the adequate medical assistance in the home. Risk means that a person is highly likely to catch or be diagnosed with something for example an individual with no or very low immune system due to possibly chemotherapy will most likely catch a cold from somebody who enters their room and has a cold. Potential risks of infection within the workplace include: • Poor personal hygine from staff. • Dirty surfaces and equipment. • Poor infection control. A member of staff with an infection and still continuing to work without reporting it to the manager, for example sickness and diaorehha. • Contaminated food work surfaces • Food incorrectly stored. The process of carrying out a risk assessment involves first writing what the potential risk or hazard is, for example betty is at high risk of potentually catching airborne illness and infections and also skin contact infections, then the reason for this which would be, due to bettys immune system is severly low due to chemotherapy treatment for a terminal illness.

Then you would have to write what are the measure to take to control and prevent the risk or hazard from happeneing, this could be ensuring that hand sanising facilities are in that individuals room, all visitors are to use these before approaching the individual, all signs of colds from staff or visitors must be reported as this would prevent them from seeing that individual until their cold had gone. 5. 1 to wear PPE equiptment correctly to prevent the spead of infection as far as possible. 5. 2 different types of PPE include: Gloves – to be worn to protect the hands and passing of infection through touch. • Aprons – to protect the skin and clothes from infections from splashes of bodily fluids or skin contact with and infected person. • Goggles – to protect the eyes from any splashes of bodily fluids. • Masks and respirators – to protect the mouth and face and respirators to protect inhaling any airborne infections. 5. 3 the reason for using PPE is to reduce the spread of infections to both yourself and other individuals. . 4 employees are responsible for wearing PPE as shown and instructed by manager. Managers responsibility is all staff who are handling any hazzardous substances are properly trained to do so. Managers responsibility is to provide a safe clean working envioment. 5. 5 staff should ensure they use PPE approapiately and as been train to do so. They should first cheak the PPE for any damage and report any damage or concerns to the manager.

Attend training organised by employer on infection control and prevention. PPE is work correctly PPE is disposed of correctly. 5. 6 Employers should ensure that all PPE is available to use at all times and in correct condition and not faulty. Staff dealing with hazardous substances should ensure that they wear the correct PPE and the manager should again ensure this is available and not faulty. Provide adequate training on PPE for staff. Ensure staff are fully trained with COSHH regulations. 5. 7

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