Jean Piaget’s Theorist Research Paper
Piaget was born in Switzerland August 9, 1896; was a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children. His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called “genetic epistemology”. Wikipedia He received his Ph. D. in Zoology from the University of Neuchatel 1918 Also the University of Zurich, Piaget study children as well as learning different things by observing his own 3 kids Jacqueline, Laurent, Lucienne Piaget He had already started his career for himself at the very young age of 11.
While working he became intrigued with the reasons children gave for their wrong answers on the questions that required logical thinking. Piaget’s Fulfilling Career Jean Piaget was the first theorist to study children in a scientific way; he focused on how the kids learned His work has been labeled an interactionist as well as a constructivist. His interest in cognitive development came from his training in the natural sciences and his interest in epistemology. He saw cognitive growth as an extension of biological growth and as being governed by the same laws and principles.
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He argued that intellectual development controlled every other aspect of development – emotional, social, and moral. John was employed at the Binet Institute in the 1920’s , he was the developer of the French Versions questions for English intelligence test , this is what made him become more intrigued with why kids gave the wrong answers to such easy questions . This led him to deeper thoughts that children and adults comprehending were totally different than most realized. Piaget being the first psychologist to make systematic experiment with the cognitive development is how people started realizing the different stages.
In Piaget’s mind, the cognitive development was a progressive reorganization of mental process as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience. In lament terms basically that as a child begins to grow and discover new surroundings their basically being able to teach themselves and inmation is like their biggest thing or assumption this is why kids end up giving the wrong answers when asked a simple question, make a common mistake as to identify an object wrong even though they have seen it a million times, I will further explain this topic throughout Piaget Theory Piaget’s Theory Piaget has four stages of development.
Which are you may ask? Sensorimotor Stage 0-2, consist of child being able to interact with the environment Preoperational Stage 2-6 or 7, consist of child being able to represent the world symbolically Concrete stage 7-11 or 12; consist of child being able to concentration rules Formal stage 12- adulthood, the adolescent can transcend the concrete situation and starts to think about the future Well according to Piaget children were born with a very basic mental structure (genetically inherited and evolved) each child goes through every stage and not one can be missed, although some individuals may know attain every the later stages.
Piaget never put a specific age on his stages of development, because individuals increase at their own speeds of learning. He believed that his stages are universal no matter what culture or anything this applies to all.
Piaget observed infants and children to get different opinions, to come up with the key ideas to his theory which are: Children active and motivated learners ‘, those children organize what they learn from their experiences Basically those children redo things that are already taught to them as if their learning to do, the goal of this theory was to explain the mechanisms and processes by which the infant, and then the child, develops into an individual who can reason and think.
The schema such as example, ordering food in a restaurant it’s obvious that you would be seated, look at the menu and place your order, and then enjoy your food, and then pay tab possibly leave a tip. This is more like a rehearsed script, Piaget theory states that this is what the mind does follow a routine that is programed in your brain as young as a newborn infant it’s all due to your surroundings.
They are different types of schemas First is the Initial Schema child begins to develop an understanding of what a dog looks like from looking at a picture, Piaget believed that newborns had such innate schemas even before being birthed into the world . He called these schemas neonatal they are the underlying innate reflexes, which are generally programed into us.
Babies have a sucking reflex due to something touch their lips; the reflex is just automatically programed into at birth due to babies being able to be breastfeed and or bottle right after delivery The way Piaget viewed intellectual growth as a process of adaption (adjusting) to the world. This happens through: Assimilation is the process of responding to a new event in way that is consistent with an existing scheme; Accommodation is the process of responding to a new thing , and Equilibration which Piaget said is force that , moves development along this process wasn’t a steady pace due that life has lips and bounds .
Piaget says that children learn through the process of assimilation and accommodation Example of Assimilation A 2 year old child sees a man who is bald at the top of his head with a long frizzy beard, which makes is the child scared because he thinks he is a child. (Sigler et al. , 2003) Example of Accommodation He explained that the man wasn’t a clown just because of his crazy hair; he didn’t have on the bright clown clothes.
Piaget’s work is the common assumption in psychology was that children are merely less competent thinkers than adults, he didn’t specifically tie his theory into education but later on people discovered you can use his stages of development as a teaching model for your class rooms. Piaget felt that standardizing task was dull, and he would never even finish them. So with his theory you can easily tell that he assumes children learn due to their environment and basic everyday imitation, or illustrations that’s why you read picture books to your child so they can identify that particular object.
It was very clear that Piaget thought childish reasoning wasn’t very far from adult reasoning (Wadsworth 1996), from there on Piaget dedicated himself to answer the question “how does knowledge grow” Acknowledgments and Publications •The origins of intelligence in children New York W. W. Norton & Company , Inc. (1936,1963) •Intellectual evolution from adolescence to adulthood. Human Development (1972) •The publication Plowmen Report of (1967) was a result of the UK government in 1966 was direct result of Piaget’s Theory. Piaget published his first biology paper at age of 10 (on the albino sparrow )(1907) •Founder, School of Sciences , University of Geneva (1956) Piaget also had many more accomplishments that were just as important , he has some very famous quotes such as “ I could not think without writing” – Jean Piaget this quote is basically saying without the form of writing and being able to express yourself you basically be a controlled person all your life “Play is the answer to how anything new comes about” – Jean Piaget this is self – explanatory in order to discover new things you have to get out and discover your environment.