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Pablo Neruda Biography and Works

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    erudaMajor Works of Pablo Neruda Biographical Information Pablo Neruda did not come from a high standing or politically involved background, being that his father was a railway employee and his mother a teacher, but he still was able to provide great service to his country. Key Ideas of Noble Prize Acceptance Speech Pablo Neruda’s most famous, and common works are “Viente Poemas de Amor y una Cancion de desperada,” “Residencia en la Tierra,” Espana en el Corazon,” and Canto General.

    Biography, Contribution to Country, Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, Major Works, and Contribution to 20th Century Literature Pablo Neruda’s Journey to a Noble Prize Pablo Neruda was born on July 12, 1904 in town of Parral in Chile , but spent most of his childhood years in Temuco, where he was raised by a single father. At a young age Neruda got to know Gabriela Mistral, the head of the girls’ secondary school, and a poet who became famous for her work. Gabriela Mistral was the first person to expose Neruda to poetry and literature.

    At the age of 13 Neruda began to contribute some articles to the daily newspaper, “La Manana,” and in 1920 he became a regular contributor to the literal journal, “Selva Austral” under the pen name Pablo Neruda. Pablo Neruda’s first published book was in 1923 entitled, “Crepusculario. ” In the following year (1924) he published, “Veinte Poemas de Amor y una Cancion Desesperda,” which became one of his most popular and famous poems. Neruda studied French and pedagogy at the University of Chile in Santiago, while making his literature.

    Pablo Neruda’s Position in Chile Between 1927 and 1935, the Chilean government put Pablo Neruda in charge of a number of honorary consulships, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, and Madrid In 1939, Neruda was appointed consul for the Spanish emigration, residing in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, Consul General in Mexico In 1945, he was elected Senator of the Republic of Chile. His works such as Espana en el Corazon, Residencia en la Tierra, Canto General de Chile were well known and famous among the Chilean people, and all resided with the politics of Chile.

    Analysis of Noble Prize Lecture Contribution to 20th Century Literature Pablo Neruda is known around in the world, and his poetry has been translated into many different languages. But he is most praised in his home country because some of his poems deal specifically to the politics of Chile, and the South American continent. Pablo Neruda’s poems still remain famous today despite his death in 1973 because of the impact and meaning they held, such as the strong themes of love, passion, and happiness.

    But his writing will stay famous for the coming generations because Neruda was able to easily change his writing throughout his lifetime, changing the style and specifically the subjects he wrote about, which is not common among earlier poets. Neruda was able to switch from writing poems about the love and passion he shared between himself and his wives, to the harsh subject of Chilean politics , and all the while he continued to keep strong pieces and popularity among the people.

    His poems such as “Veinte Poemas de Amor,” can be described as tender, emotional, and passionate. His work “Residencia en la tierra,” which he created during his time as a diplomat can be described as depressing, and dark because he discussed the harsh realities of what the people of Chile were going through, especially the conditions of the poor. Pablo Neruda brought diversity to 20th century literature. Pablo Neruda’s poems did not all share one specific theme because the poems changed as his life did.

    The themes range from Love, Isolation/solitude, politics, and individual beliefs. Each poem was unique and different from the last which helped make them so popular among people from all around the world. Neruda believed that it wasn’t right for him to explain a process on how to write poetry because he never had one, and people should find their own inspiration that will drive them to make great and understood pieces. Everyone needs to go through certain difficult life experiences to become aware that we are all human, and all believe in a common destiny.

    The hard life experiences will teach you lessons that will help you in your life, and give you the necessary tools to succeed. In the speech a major point was the role of poets and how they should view themselves, which is not as “little gods,” but as part of the community whose job is to make their poems and pieces understood by the public. The best poets are the one’s who consider themselves part of the community and the public not superior. “Viente Poemas de Amor y una Cancion Desperada,” this piece displays the theme of the importance and meaning of love as well as happiness in one’s life. Recidencia en la Tierra,” includes themes of societal decay and personal seclusion, “Canto General” is a poem about the North and South America that includes themes such as politics and individual beliefs, and was influenced by Walt Whitman (“Themes”).

    Key points that Neruda displayed in his speech were that it was not a poet’s job to create a recipe for making poems that future poets will learn from because that is not how he acquired his knowledge and skill. I did not learn from books any recipe for writing a poem, and I, in my turn, will avoid giving any advice on mode or style which might give the new poets even a drop of supposed insight”(Neruda 4). Neruda emphasizes that a poet and everyone else must take the inspiration given and displayed in the environment around them as personal inspiration because his life always supplied the components he needed to write a poem. “In the course of my life I have always found somewhere the necessary support, the formula which had been waiting for me not in order to be petrified in my words but in order to explain me to myself,” (Neruda 4).

    During this long journey I found the necessary components for the making of the poem. There I received contributions from the earth and from the soul,” (Neruda 4). Poets are not privileged individuals but part of the community whose role is to make their pieces heard and understood by their peers. “The poet is not a “little god”. No, he is not a “little god”. He is not picked out by a mystical destiny in preference to those who follow other crafts and professions. I have often maintained that the best poet is he who prepares our daily bread: the nearest baker who does not imagine himself to be a god” (Neruda 5).

    By Shelby Winch, Conner, And Haley. Overall thesis of lecture is that everyone needs to go through similar struggles in life no matter who you are or where you are, and as long as you stay on the right path they will bring everyone to a common destiny and a common understanding. “Lastly, I wish to say to the people of good will, to the workers, to the poets, that the whole future has been expressed in this line by Rimbaud: only with a burning patience can we conquer the splendid City which will give light, justice and dignity to all mankind” (Neruda 7)

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    Pablo Neruda Biography and Works. (2016, Oct 19). Retrieved from

    Frequently Asked Questions

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    What are Pablo Neruda's achievements?
    During this time, Neruda received numerous prestigious awards, including the International Peace Prize in 1950, the Lenin Peace Prize and the Stalin Peace Prize in 1953, and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
    What is the famous work of Pablo Neruda?
    While in Santiago, Neruda completed one of his most critically acclaimed and original works, the cycle of love poems titled Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada—published in English translation as Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair. This work quickly marked Neruda as an important Chilean poet.

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