Peer Group Influence in Relation to the Academic Performance Sample Essay
Man is a societal being who derives satisfaction from belonging to a group. it creates a feeling of general wellbeing in single. Students cluster together inside the campus this informal group is regarded as “peer groups” . Peer influence on behaviour bit by bit becomes more dominant. Harris ( 1998. 2002 ) and Rowe ( 1994 ) maintained that equal groups have an even stronger influence than that of parents. although that utmost place has been refuted by other research workers ( Berk. 2005 ) .
Harmonizing to Castrogiovanni ( 2002 ) . a equal group is defined as a little group of likewise aged.
reasonably close friends. sharing the same activities. In general. equal groups or coteries have two to twelve members. with an norm of five or six. Peer groups supply a sense of security and they help striplings to construct a sense of individuality.
Hurlock ( 11975:180 ) the influence of a group is intensified by the person’s desire to be an recognized member of the equal group. To accomplish this desire he tries to conform in mundane to the forms approved by the group.
When group members are attached to their groups. they are motivated to act in conformity with the wants of the group and in ways which would do them accepted. this motive is attributes to peer group influence.
In school the equal group possibly a dominant factor to see in academic accomplishment. Credence by the group depends on conformance. Most instruction takes topographic point in group state of affairss the group’s impacts and influence on its members is so strong that it takes the group as a whole to back up the acquisition procedure.
A equal group is a larning group most instruction takes topographic point in group state of affairss the group impact and influence on its members is so strong that it pushes the group as a whole to back up a acquisition procedure. In malice of this recognized impact of the group influence on acquisition. there seem to be really few surveies and researches done to bespeak how powerful a group influences an person.
Peer group may ensue either positively or negatively for illustration. both high and low academic accomplishments are closely linked to peer influence. Several surveies confirm research findings that value of the equal group with whom the pupils spends most clip are stronger factor in pupils degree of academic success than the values. attitudes. and support provided by the household compared to others who started with the same classs. pupils whose households were non particularly supported. but who spent clip with academically oriented equal group go better classs. Peer groups provide a topographic point where an single feels accepted. themselves. and where their self-pride is enhanced.
It is hoped. hence. that this survey will cast visible radiation of some unreciprocated inquiries about peer influence on academic public presentation and at the same clip contribute to the apprehension and formation of healthy attitude towards equal and school in general.
I. Statement of the Problem
The survey is designed to mensurate the positive and negative effects of equal influence to the selected pupils of Marketing and Advertising Management of De La Salle University – Dasmarinas. It chiefly focuses on how peer influence relates to their academic public presentations. These will help parents and counsellors to understand the form of equal influence and ways to control the negative and positive effects of the latter.
The intent of the survey is to reply the undermentioned inquiries:
1. What is the construct and nature of equal group?
2. What are the positive and negative effects of equal influence to the selected pupils?
3. What do peer groups supply for the pupils ( in general ) ?
4. Does peer influence affect the academic public presentation of the selectedpupils? In what manner ( s ) ?
5. How does it act upon the selected students’ motive and battle at school?
Scope and Restriction
The survey determines the effects of equal influence in the academic public presentation O f the selected selling pupils in DLSU_D. The range of the survey are the marketing pupil of all twelvemonth degrees who are enrolled in first semester of school twelvemonth 2012-2013. The restrictions of this research are merely the pupils who have a regular capable burden for a given semester. The survey will besides be limited merely on the engagement of undergraduate nursing pupils.
Significance of the Study
This survey is conducted for the intent of finding the influence of the equals in individual’s academic public presentation. This survey will be utile to the school specific to the counsel centre and to the professors. It will do available to them the information which could turn out helpful in reding Sessionss. particularly freshers in seting to college life. The counsellor will hold a better position of the effects of equal group on the person in his academic accomplishment.
Future research workers will happen it easier to carry on the research since the instruments already formulated. All they have to make is to administrate the questionnaire and table the consequences utilizing different statistical design learned from their Elementary Statisticss.
II. Research Methodology
Quantitative research is all about quantifying relationships between variables. Variables are things like weight. public presentation. clip. and intervention. You measure variables on a sample of topics. You express the relationship between variable utilizing statistics. such as correlativities. comparative frequences. or differences between agencies.
Population and SamplingThe research workers used non-probability trying strategies. which includes voluntary response sampling. Each research worker surveyed 50 respondents which sums to 300.
A study was used as their research instrument. The research workers constructed a set of inquiries on the topic under the survey. The points will reply the specific aims of the research paper viz. :
– To find how much clip they spend with their equals
– To find if the selected selling pupils are influenced by their equal groups and in what countries of their life influenced them.
– To separate whether a equal group has a good influence or bad influence
– To cognize if a equal group aid in academic accomplishment of the pupils.
Respondents of the Study
The respondents of this survey are three 100 pupils ( 300 ) pupils from the selected Selling and Ad pupils at De La Salle University – Dasmarinas who engaged themselves in equal groups.
Data Gathering Procedure
The research workers conducted a study to DLSU-D pupils on September. 2012 in De La Salle University – Dasmarinas located at DBB-B Dasmarinas. Cavite. Philippines. The following were observed in carry oning the study: 1. The study sheet was distributed to respondents one by one ; 2. Each respondents filled out the needed information from them ; 3. After the respondents have done replying the inquiries in the study sheet. the research workers made certain that no inquiry was left unreciprocated so presentation and analysis of information was done following.
Statistical Treatment of DataThe research workers used the expression of per centum to see easy the ratio of the pupils with their specific replies to the study provided. Besides. this expression was used to match the tonss of the responses of the respondents which is: Percentage = ( specific figure of respondents / entire figure of respondents ) x 100
III. Presentation. Analysis and Interpretation
1. Make you belong to a barkada?
100 % of the respondents belong to a group of friends.
2. This barkada you are mentioning to. is it the one you have in school_______ or outside school______
76 % of the respondents have barkadas in school while 24 % of them are outside.
3. How much clip make you pass with them?
0. 55 % of the respondents spend five to ten hours with friends while the 37 %pass one to four hours and the 8 % spend more than 10 hours with their friends.
4. What do you make after school?
51 % of the respondents hang out with their friends after category while 49 % of them go place and 10 % proceed to library
5. Make your barkada aid you in your surveies?
87 % says that barkada helped them in surveies while 13 % have negative feedback.
6. ) Do you hold study groups? If yes. how frequently do you analyze together?
60 % of the respondents have study groups while 40 % of them does non hold ; when asked how frequently do they analyze the common replies countries frequently as needed. seldom. and during exam hebdomad.
7. ) Do you experience that your barkada can act upon you? ( Like decision-making. sentiment giving. studies. ) [ pic ]
Most of the respondent says that they are influenced ( by their friends ) in sentiment giving ( 0. 40 % ) and others are less influenced in surveies ( 35 % ) and decision-making ( 25 % ) .
8. ) How would you depict your group?
Most of their friends are thrill searcher ( 48 % ) others are lakwatchero ( 45 % ) and the least are pedants ( 7 % ) . 9. ) Do your barkadaaffect your classs? In whatmanner?
86 % of the respondents say their barkada havepositive effects in their academic public presentation while the 14 % of the them says their barkada have a negative consequence.
10. ) If you have a category and your barkada asked you to watch a film ( or travel out with them ) which one will you take?A big per centum ( 82 % ) of respondents say they will travel to category while the staying says they will travel with their friends. It merely means that their friends in footings of decision-making do non easy act upon most of them. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter presents the informations gathered from the three hundred 50s ( 350 ) respondents through a questionnaire that was used as informations garnering instrument. The sets of informations are furthered analyzed. Harmonizing to the informations gathered by the research workers. the respondents are less influenced by equal groups in footings of decision-making ; they are more likely influenced by giving sentiments and thoughts. The respondents say their group of friends has a good influence specifically to their academic public presentation because as a prosaic most of them were carry oning group surveies peculiarly during concluding scrutinies to assist each other. To mensurate if they are easy influenced by their equals. the research workers give a state of affairs where they have to take ; the research workers asked the respondents what will they make if they have a category and their friends ask for them to watch a movie—most of them says they will travel to category instead than watch a film.
This is an indicant that a larger per centum of respondents are non negatively influenced by their group of friends. peculiarly in their academic public presentation. Much influence from equal groups is positive as the study says. Peer groups are non ever bad. For illustration. positive influence can be used to promote “bullies” in executing better towards each other. Peers can act upon each other on making “what is right” . Most of them agree on the exact sum of influence equal groups have of teen’s behaviour. they do hold that teens are so influenced by equal groups. both positive and negative. Despite all the treatments about equal groups and bad influences. the individual most of import influence on a adolescent are still his or her parents.
IV. SUMMARY. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The intent of this survey demonstrates the important consequence of equal groups toward academic accomplishment to 4th twelvemonth Selling and Advertising Management pupils of De La Salle University – Dasmarinas. It is clear from the research that peers do. in fact. hold a comparatively strong influence over the day-to-day operation of adolescent respondents.
A critical analysis of the survey includes waies for future research and pattern.
All equals develop some sort of form of perceiving of thought. similar manner of communicating and common attitude there had been some indicants that single members of the group does non truly depend on their groups but there is to a certain grade of in dependance bing among persons.
This survey. nevertheless. inherently has several restrictions. While research workers attempted to be thorough in reexamining and analysing all the literature and gathered informations available on equal influence in relation to academic public presentation and socialisation. some research may hold been overlooked. Therefore. this may stand for a colored position sing equal influence. Further. other countries that may act upon adolescents’ academic public presentation and socialisation were non discussed. such as the media. athleticss heroes. or political leaders within the society.
Throughout the survey. the research workers found out the different influences involved in peer groupings like decision-making. survey wonts. beliefs. and other sorts of activities. The research workers believe that influence to the group to the person to his or her groups come in different signifiers and manners.
Overall. equal groups provide a strong sense of security that allows an stripling to construct a sense of individuality. For better or for worse. striplings spend much of their structured and unstructured clip with equals. In shutting. this research worker would wish to farther emphasis the point that non all equal influence is negative. Peer groups are. in kernel. necessary for adolescent growing and development. As such. pedagogues should praise the positive picks that pupils make in respects to equals and work to battle the negative 1s. It is obvious that equal groups are non a craze or a tendency. they are around to remain. For this ground. equal influence is a phenomenon that will be studied throughout clip.
Further research is needed sing the types of equal influence that exist and the different contexts in which equal influence occurs. Specific contexts for farther survey may include the place scene and school extracurricular activities. including athletic squads. Since equal influence is invariably germinating. research workers need to be watchful to both the subtleand non so elusive alterations that occur within each new coevals.
Research has shown that equal influence has some wide similarities from old ages past. but there are besides some of import fluctuations that need to be taken into consideration. Interacting with pupils on a regular footing and inquiring inquiries are effectual ways to remain current on equal group working. Other countries for farther survey may include looking at research on pupils in relation to peer influence. ethnicity and equal groups. the effects of broken households on equal dealingss. young person packs. or research related to peer influence on pre-marital sex and drug use. There is an copiousness of literature available on these subjects. while the research workers chose to restrict the range of research to countries of academic public presentation and socialisation among striplings. As a consequence. the above-named subjects were non covered in deepness in the present survey.
Parents can hold some influence in how that clip is spent if they encourage activities they approve of without being over-bearing. Based on research. the bottom line is that it is of import for parents to be actively involved in their adolescent’s life. They should inquire inquiries and be able to acquire a sense of how their boy or girl is passing his or her clip. Parents need to be accessible and maintain communicating lines open in order for this to go on.
Finally. more research is needed to find the possible causes and effects of negative equal influence. Knowing the causes of negative equal influence can be helpful for developing bar tactics. Knowing the effects of negative equal influence on striplings can assist an pedagogue farther understand a pupil sing negative equal influence. While complete turning away of negative equal influence is virtually impossible. pedagogues should be receptive to prevention techniques that decrease the negative effects of equal influence in schools.
Future research worker who might desire to go on this survey. the following are recommended:
a. The following research workers may utilize the questionnaire for farther betterments.
B. The respondents should reply the questionnaire independently. A throughout supervising is extremely recommended when the questionnaire is administered to avoid act uponing the replies of a respondent.
c. May administrate the questionnaire to the whole equal group sampled indiscriminately ( population will be all equal groups ) to compare the consequences for cogency.
d. The research workers should non overlook the literature and informations gathered to restrict the range of the survey.