“Difficulties are not the reasons to give up but an inspiration to move on. ” This dictum I think was on the mind of Dr. Jose P. Rizal when he was in Dapitan. He never gave up serving our country’s cause, even though the Spanish tried to deteriorate his life by threatening. Rizal lived in exile in far-away Dapitan, a remote town in Mindanao which was under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, from 1892 to 1896.
This four-year inter regnum in his life was tediously unexciting, but was abundantly fruitful with varied achievements. He practiced medicine, pursued scientific studies, continued his artistic and literary works, widened his knowledge of languages, established a school for boys, promoted community development projects, invented a wooden machine for making bricks, and engaged in farming and commerce. On July 17, 1892 the day when his exile began in Dapitan where he suffered, harassed and threatened his life by the Spaniards.
This exile also strengthened his nationalism, love for his family, for the people of Dapitan and where his happiness happened. During his exile in Dapitan, Rizal had a long and scholarly debate with Father Pastells on religion which revealed Rizal’s anti-Catholic ideas acquired in Europe and the embitterment at his persecution by bad friars. It is understandable why he was bitter against the friars who committed certain abuses under the cloak of religion.
As he wrote to Blumentritt from Paris on January 20, 1890: “I want to hit the friars, but only friars who utilized religion not only as a shield, but also as a weapon, castle, fortress, armor, etc. ; I was forced to attack their false and superstitious religion in order to fight the enemy who hid himself behind it. ” Rizal also gave medical assistance and free medicines to the poor person which was a very sincere action.
He also operated his mother’s right eye in Dapitan. He became also a farmer, businessman and a scientist and inventor in Dapitan where he became famous. While he was in Dapitan, someone threatened his life and that was Florencio Namanan where Rizal showed his excellence in martial arts. Then he met Josephine Bracken when he was about to cure the father of Josephine who is blind. Then their relationship started and they started to fall in love with