The Anatomy of the Heart and Stomach

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Anatomy &  Physiology for Health and Social Care Function of Tissues of the HeartThe bosom organ is an component that forms the cardiovascular or besides known as the circulatory system. The bosom is located in the center of one’s thorax, between the lungs, with apex lying to the left and is the size of a closed fist. The bosom organ is a muscular pump that forces blood along a system of blood vass ( consists of arterias, venas and capillaries ) .Major maps:

  • Chief conveyance of stuffs to and from cells
  • Issues heat around the organic structure and AIDSs to command temperature
  • Defense mechanism of the organic structure
  • Water ordinance

The bosom organ consists of a figure of tissues and each tissue is formed from a specific type of cell.

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The bosom contains:Simple squamous epithelialcells enable stuffs to be transferred though by the procedure of diffusion and osmosis. These types of cells are located in the walls of the bosom. Adipose tissueis basically fatty tissue and is a fluctuation of areolate tissue, whereby the fatso cells have multiplied to befog other fibers and cells. When mature the adipose cell as a consequence is loaded with so much fat that the karyon is pushed to one side, the cell challenges a typical ‘signet ring’ expression.

The fatty tissue is under the tegument and surrounds the bosom organ.It aids to insulate one’s organic structure against alterations in outside temperature. Therefore, the adipose tissue acts as a ‘hydraulic daze absorber’ every bit good as a ‘high energy storage depot’ to protect against the hazard of hurt. Cardiac Muscle( nonvoluntary ) is located in the wall of one’s bosom ( the four Chamberss atria and ventricles ) .

The cardiac musculus is known to be myogenic as it rhythmically contract without having nervous stimulations. The musculus cells of the cardiac musculus subdivision invariably to organize a web, where the contractions spread immensely.Besides, each cell has a cardinal karyon that is horizontally and vertically striated/striped. The division’s mediate the cells are referred to as intercalated phonograph record that are specifically adapted for urges to be transmitted.

The cardiac musculus under healthy fortunes can non contract myogenically, as the upper modifier ( atria ) consists of a different rate of contraction to the lower chamber ( ventricular ) . As a consequence will take to uncoordinated and uneffective bosom action within an person.Therefore, the autonomic nervous system ( responsibility of commanding one’s internal variety meats ) regulates the contraction rate by the nervousnesss to guarantee the blood flow adapts harmonizing to the precise circumstance i. e.

exercising and remainder etc. The bosom organ has it single blood supply that is provided by the coronary bosom arterias and venas. The muscular walls of the atria are really thin in comparing to the ventricular walls, as the blood flow is helped by gravitation and the distance travelled is strictly from the atria to the ventricle walls.The ventricle walls differentiate from one another, due to the right ventral wall being one-third of the thickness of the left ventricles wall.

This is because this must coerce oxygenated blood around the organic structure that is opposed to the force of gravitation. While the right ventricle pumps blood to short distances such as to the lungs. The bosom act as a dual force, due to the atrium ( muscular upper chamber ) and the ventricle ( lower chamber ) . The right side of the bosom pumps deoxygenatedbloodfrom the venas to the lung variety meats for oxygenation.

Whereas, the left side pumps oxygenated blood from the lungs to the organic structure. Both the left and right sides are separated by a septum. The blood passes though the bosom twice in one rhythm and is normally referred to as a ‘double circulation’ . Within the bosom each of the four Chamberss a chief blood vas enters and foliages.

Veins enter the atria, while the arterias leave the ventricles. Pneumonic circulation refers to the circulation to and from the lungs, while systemic circulation refers to the circulation around the organic structure. Arteries and blood vass exit the bosom organ, as the venas take blood to the bosom.The cardinal arteria known as the aorta leaves the left ventricle to the organic structure and the vein cava thrusts blood back to the bosom and from the organic structure enters the right atrium.

The vein cava consists of two subdivisions, the first being the superior vein cava which returns blood from the caput and cervix and the 2nd being the inferior vein cava which returns blood from the remainder of the organic structure. Furthermore, it is indispensable that the blood flows in one way merely throughout the bosom, the valves will do certain this occurs.Two sets of valves appear to be present between the atria and ventricles ( one on each side ) . They can besides be referred to as atrio- ventricular valves, the bicuspid/mitral ( the left side ) and tricuspid ( right side ) valves.

These nomenclatures refer to the sum of cusps ( flaps ) , which make up the valve. The left side has two cusps and the right side has three cusps. The cusps are thin which stops them from turning inside out with the pump of the blood flow by. They have sinewy cords attached on to their free terminals and are secured to the bosom smooth musculuss of the ventricles by bantam papillose musculuss.

The papillose musculuss basically tense beforehand the force of the musculuss contract, where by the sinewy cords Acts of the Apostless by keeping the valves in topographic point. The pneumonic and aorta arterias ( known as pneumonic valves and aortal valves ) have issues guarded by the valves and these are known as semi-lunar valleies. Semi-lunar valves are required when the blood demands to be forced into the arterias by the ventricular musculus contractions and non fall back to the ventricle musculuss as they relax.Function of Tissues of the Stomach The tummy organ is an component that helps to organize the digestive system of one’s organic structure. The tummy is an abdominal organ located below one’s stop on the left side.Major maps:

  • Reduces complex nutrient molecules to simple substances able of being absorbed and delivered to cells
  • Eliminates undigested waste at intervals

The tummy organ consists of a figure of tissues and each tissue is formed from a specific type of cell.

The tummy contains ;

  • Smooth muscular tissue which enables the tummy walls to churn nutrient and any other contents and pour on secernments from stomachic secretory organs, where chyme ( a paste stuff ) is produced as an result. The tummy organ clears the chyme in flushs into the duodenum across the pyloric sphincter ( which is a thick ring of musculus that contracts and relaxes ) .
  • Glandular tissue enables the tummy to bring forth digestive juices, besides bring forthing acid and enzymes. Gastric juices ( that work on proteins ) contain peptidase and hydrochloric acid.

    For illustration, in babes rennin ( an enzyme ) solidifies and digests milk protein.

  • Epithelial tissue enables the inner and outer surface of the tummy organ to be covered. As the epithelial liner consists of goblet cells, this produces thick mucous secretion and protects the epithelial liner from acerb eroding. This is required as the tummy is extremely acidic, with a PH of 1-2.

    Besides, the acid destroys any bacteriums within natural nutrient.


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