I was a news carrier from 1982-1983. This was my first job as a young teenager. My brother and I would troop through both good and bad weather to deliver newspapers all over my neighborhood in a suburb of NY. We delivered about 50 papers a day during the week and 75 on Saturday. I am actually surprised that I remember delivering the paper so vividly, considering how long ago it was. What I remember most was that we put the newspaper exactly where the customer wanted it. Some customers had boxes. Some wanted us to put it in their screen door. Others wanted the paper under their mat.
We remembered where each paper should go and put it in place. In addition with that we collected our fees from the customers directly, even if it meant stalking some customers who wanted papers, but never seemed to have the funds to pay for them. Delivering the newspaper was a personal experience and out customers appreciated it. Fast forward 26 years and Newspapers as we know it are dying. Many blame the Internet as people can get news fast, and can find and read lifestyle and sports articles on command. While there is some truth in that, I have to wonder if Newspaper companies themselves did not have a hand in their own demise.
I know as a newspaper delivery customer, I had many frustrations that sent me to the Internet for my news. It started around the year 2000. I was living in a New Orleans suburb at the time and subscribed to a newspaper. What you need to understand about New Orleans is that there is a heavy dew and fog every morning at dawn. This mean that newspapers delivered during this time would end up completely wet and soggy. I called. I asked. I cajoled. I did and said everything I could to try and get a newspaper delivered that was actually readable. All I wanted was the same service I had given as an adolescent paper carrier.
Was it too much to ask that the paper be placed inside of my screen door where it would be dry, or even on my sidewalk where it had a better chance of not being soggy from the morning dew? Apparently, it was. You see, newspaper carriers don’t get out of the car. It was much easier for me to read my news on the Internet. After leaving the state of Louisiana, and finding myself in an Atlanta suburb, and once again, I said yes to a newspaper subscription. I once again tried to request porch delivery, and was told that news carriers don’t get out of the car.
It takes to long and can be unsafe. This means that if it rained overnight, my newspaper was wet when I got it the next morning. Even when encased in a plastic bag, if the paper was partially out of the bag, it would conduct water throughout the entire paper making it a soggy mess. To make matters worse, my house was often skipped in newspaper delivery. I found myself calling about once a week for a newspaper deliver. Eventually I gave up. I am now a daily reader of Internet news. So is the Internet really to blame for the decline in the newspaper business?
Sure the Internet news websites were glad to give the frustrated customers a place to read the news without dealing with smelly, germy, wet papers that the print companies refused to rectify. Still, I wonder if they made a move to improve customer service and delivery protocol if newspaper delivery wouldn’t pick up again. I know I have two teenage kids who would be glad to deliver newspapers in my immediate neighborhood and they would even take the extra step to make sure the customers got dry papers. Too bad they don’t allow kids to deliver newspapers anymore. A GOOD newspaper, I suppose, is a nation talking to itself,” mused Arthur Miller in 1961. A decade later, two reporters from theWashington Postwrote a series of articles that brought down President Nixon and the status of print journalism soared. At their best, newspapers hold governments and companies to account. They usually set the news agenda for the rest of the media. But in the rich world newspapers are now an endangered species. The business of selling words to readers and selling readers to advertisers, which has sustained their role in society, is falling apart (see article).
Of all the “old” media, newspapers have the most to lose from the internet. Circulation has been falling in America, western Europe, Latin America, Australia and New Zealand for decades (elsewhere, sales are rising). But in the past few years the web has hastened the decline. In his book “The Vanishing Newspaper”, Philip Meyer calculates that the first quarter of 2043 will be the moment when newsprint dies in America as the last exhausted reader tosses aside the last crumpled edition.
That sort of extrapolation would have produced a harrumph from a Beaverbrook or a Hearst, but even the most cynical news baron could not dismiss the way that ever more young people are getting their news online. Britons aged between 15 and 24 say they spend almost 30% less time reading national newspapers once they start using the web. Up to a podcast, Lord Copper? In this section * Who killed the newspaper? * When the spinning has to stop * Hold your breath * Of property and poverty * What’s that hissing sound? Reprints Related items The newspaper industry: More media, less newsAug 24th 2006 * Compose yourselfApr 20th 2006 * News Corporation: Murdoch’s spaceMar 30th 2006 * News Corporation: Old mogul, new mediaJan 19th 2006 Related topics * United States * Newspapers * Arts, entertainment and media * Media * Journalism Advertising is following readers out of the door. The rush is almost unseemly, largely because the internet is a seductive medium that supposedly matches buyers with sellers and proves to advertisers that their money is well spent. Classified ads, in particular, are quickly shifting online.
Rupert Murdoch, the Beaverbrook of our age, once described them as the industry’s rivers of gold—but, as he said last year, “Sometimes rivers dry up. ” In Switzerland and the Netherlands newspapers have lost half their classified advertising to the internet. Newspapers have not yet started to shut down in large numbers, but it is only a matter of time. Over the next few decades half the rich world’s general papers may fold. Jobs are already disappearing. According to the Newspaper Association of America, the number of people employed in the industry fell by 18% between 1990 and 2004.
Tumbling shares of listed newspaper firms have prompted fury from investors. In 2005 a group of shareholders in Knight Ridder, the owner of several big American dailies, got the firm to sell its papers and thus end a 114-year history. This year Morgan Stanley, an investment bank, attacked the New York Times Company, the most august journalistic institution of all, because its share price had fallen by nearly half in four years. Having ignored reality for years, newspapers are at last doing something. In order to cut costs, they are already spending less on journalism.
Many are also trying to attract younger readers by shifting the mix of their stories towards entertainment, lifestyle and subjects that may seem more relevant to people’s daily lives than international affairs and politics are. They are trying to create new businesses on- and offline. And they are investing in free daily papers, which do not use up any of their meagre editorial resources on uncovering political corruption or corporate fraud. So far, this fit of activity looks unlikely to save many of them. Even if it does, it bodes ill for the public role of the Fourth Estate.
Getting away with murder In future, as newspapers fade and change, will politicians therefore burgle their opponents’ offices with impunity, and corporate villains whoop as they trample over their victims? Journalism schools and think-tanks, especially in America, are worried about the effect of a crumbling Fourth Estate. Are today’s news organisations “up to the task of sustaining the informed citizenry on which democracy depends? ” asked a recent report about newspapers from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, a charitable research foundation. Nobody should relish the demise of once-great titles.
But the decline of newspapers will not be as harmful to society as some fear. Democracy, remember, has already survived the huge television-led decline in circulation since the 1950s. It has survived as readers have shunned papers and papers have shunned what was in stuffier times thought of as serious news. And it will surely survive the decline to come. That is partly because a few titles that invest in the kind of investigative stories which often benefit society the most are in a good position to survive, as long as their owners do a competent job of adjusting to changing circumstances.
Publications like the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal should be able to put up the price of their journalism to compensate for advertising revenues lost to the internet—especially as they cater to a more global readership. As with many industries, it is those in the middle—neither highbrow, nor entertainingly populist—that are likeliest to fall by the wayside. The usefulness of the press goes much wider than investigating abuses or even spreading general news; it lies in holding governments to account—trying them in the court of public opinion. The internet has expanded this court.
Anyone looking for information has never been better equipped. People no longer have to trust a handful of national papers or, worse, their local city paper. News-aggregation sites such as Google News draw together sources from around the world. The website of Britain’s Guardian now has nearly half as many readers in America as it does at home. In addition, a new force of “citizen” journalists and bloggers is itching to hold politicians to account. The web has opened the closed world of professional editors and reporters to anyone with a keyboard and an internet connection.
Several companies have been chastened by amateur postings—of flames erupting from Dell’s laptops or of cable-TVrepairmen asleep on the sofa. Each blogger is capable of bias and slander, but, taken as a group, bloggers offer the searcher after truth boundless material to chew over. Of course, the internet panders to closed minds; but so has much of the press. For hard-news reporting—as opposed to comment—the results of net journalism have admittedly been limited. Most bloggers operate from their armchairs, not the frontline, and citizen journalists tend to stick to local matters.
But it is still early days. New online models will spring up as papers retreat. One non-profit group, NewAssignment. Net, plans to combine the work of amateurs and professionals to produce investigative stories on the internet. Aptly, $10,000 of cash for the project has come from Craig Newmark, of Craigslist, a group of free classified-advertisement websites that has probably done more than anything to destroy newspapers’ income. In future, argues Carnegie, some high-quality journalism will also be backed by non-profit organisations.
Already, a few respected news organisations sustain themselves that way—including the Guardian, the Christian Science Monitor and National Public Radio. An elite group of serious newspapers available everywhere online, independent journalism backed by charities, thousands of fired-up bloggers and well-informed citizen journalists: there is every sign that Arthur Miller’s national conversation will be louder than ever. Internet – The death of Newspaper? A. INTRODUCTION> Attention-Getter Think about it; You have an ePaper with internet facility; then what will you do to know about the latest flooding situation of the country? r To know how many floors of Rangs Vaban are already been demolished? Yes. You will simply logon to www. prothom-alo. com or www. dailystar. com or any other online news site. Yes. You are using the technology as a weapon to destroy the Newspaper. Yes.
This is Internet which is causing the death of Newspaper. If you have the internet facility on your home then you will think that why am I wasting 300X12=3,600 Tk. yearly? I can read the newspaper on the Internet. Then may be you will say good buy to your Newspaper Hawker. Daily newspapers lost 1. million readers in the six months that ended in March down to 45. 5 million. Online newspaper readership grew to 56 million. (Source: www. economist. com) Britons aged between 20 to 22 say he spend almost 30% less time reading national newspapers once he start using the web. For millions of readers like Britons and You, American Newspapers are loosing revenue to a rate of 0%. 2. Bond > Link-to Audience How many of you want to go abroad for study? Please raise your hands. Well. What will you do to keep in touch with your country when you will be in abroad?
I can say with guarantee that You will logon to any Bangladeshi Newspaper site. Because it is impossible to send you a Newspaper regularly from Bangladesh to Australia or UK. 3. “Credentials” of Speaker (Credibility) When I was preparing this speech, I required some data from the Newspaper. But it was hard for me to collect old issues of Newspapers and search data about an uncommon topic like this. But Thanks God that now I have the internet ready for me. You know, to be honest, I had got unlimited information by only One CLICK. Unbelievable? No, you have to believe it if you visit GoogleNews or YahooNews.
So, If I have this kind of option then why will I go to waste my time and dirt my hands by touching old Newspapers? 4. Destination / Objective Sentence Today we are here to draw your attention to this particular issue that Internet is causing the death of Newspaper. 5. Explain my Map to my destination > Preview of Speech What will we look at in the next few minutes? Firstly, a quick look at how the Internet is causing the death of Newspaper. Secondly, What is the future of Newspaper? Transition: Now a days the whole world is heading towards the Internet News.
Online Newspapers are taking the place of Print Media. B. BODY of your Speech 1. Main Point #1 State Point 1 For some unique features Internet is causing the death of Newspaper. State a Reason * Online Newspaper can reach more readers. * It can give any news more instantly than Newspaper. * It provides Hyperlink for more news. * Cost of Newsprint paper is rising. * Free advertising is available in the Internet. * Easy access to Online Archives. * It provides video or audio clip of the news. * Old issues are easily accessible. Nearly four billion trees worldwide are cut down annually for paper alone. So paper is not environment friendly. * Low cost of publication. * You didn’t need printing presses, paper or delivery trucks. You didn’t need a government license. You didn’t even need a staff. Give an Example The San Jose Mercury News was the name of the first newspaper to go online. That was in 1994. This opened a world of endless possibilities for online news. Now a paper could have more content and more focused content available to the masses. This began their transformation from “newspaper companies to information companies”.
Today 63% of internet users claim to read internet news every day. Restate the Point As the Internet Grows Up, the News Industry Is Forever Changed. 2. Main Point #2 State Point 2 What is the future of Newspaper? Can it continue under these circumstances, or is it ruined to death? State a Reason The rate of Newspaper readers are dramatically decreasing. The decline comes as readers, especially young ones, turn increasingly to the Internet for news. Advertisers are rushing to the Internet. Newspapers have not yet started to shut down in large numbers, but it is only a matter of time.
According to the Newspaper Association of America, the number of people employed in the newspaper industry fell by 18% between 1990 and 2004. Philip Meyer calculates in his book “The Vanishing Newspaper” that within the year 2043 newspaper will be vanished from the world. Give an Example We have already been connected with the Fiber Optic Cable. The cost of Internet use is decreasing day by day. We can see new Cyber Cafe’s in the city. You can logon to Internet any time by using your Cell Phone. GrameenPhone is delivering their Internet service to the rural areas. Restate the Point
So, we are heading towards the Internet. The Newspaper companies of Bangladesh are also aware of this fact. They have realized that the only way of their survivable is through the internet. In fine, we can say “Internet is Internet; Newspaper is the substitute of Internet. ” C. CONCLUSION 1. Again state your destination > Restate outcome or thesis: Today we have discussed about the potential benefits of Internet News. We have stated this point clearly that the survival chance of Newspaper is very low in this digital era. New generation is highly dependent on Internet. The use of Internet is increasing day by day.
Online News sites are providing more facilities. Readers are passing more time before the Internet than Newspaper. We can hear the cry of Newspaper for survivable. 2. Restate main points: State Point 1 For its unlimited features Internet is causing the death of Newspaper. State Point 2 The growth of Internet has made the future of Newspaper difficult. The Only way of survivable is by conversion to Digital Ink Media. 3. Call-to-Action: We have given a new name of Online News: Digital Ink Media. Let’s start your day with this new world of Information. Digital Ink Media is ready to surprise you.
Decide to read the Online Version of a Newspaper. 4. Decision-Maker We are so glad to inform you that we have a list of Online News sites addresses for you. It will be handed out now. Keep this list and next time when you use internet please logon to any site. I believe you will not be disheartened. Use this free service at-least one time. It will be enough for you to discover Why Internet is causing the death of Newspaper. The world will go on to its own way. Things will be changed naturally. We have to loose something and also gain something. We will loose Newspaper in near future. We will gain a Digital World with Internet.