Waste Treatment System In Batam Municipality Indonesia T1273021 – Irwan Saputra Waste treatment system reported in this paper is in Batam Municipality. It is an island city in Riau Island Province of Indonesia, which is located east of Sumatera Island and near Singapore. It has a territorial area of 108,265 (ha). During the period from 2000 through 2010, the population increased at an annual average of 7. 57%. Currently, 1,168,741 citizens live in Batam Municipality. Population density has increased from 600 people/km2 in 2009 to 641 people/km2 in 2010.
Waste collecting system is done by three ways.
Firstly waste is immediately brought by each resident to temporary dumping site. Secondly the waste is brought to temporary dumping site under neighborhood coordinator by using garbage cart. Thirdly the waste are collected and transported directly to final disposal site by conveyor company. Interestingly since it is difficult to find site for temporary dumping site in residential place, household waste must to be collected from door to door by conveyor company.
The waste generation from offices, industries, markets also are stored in 1.
Existing Waste Treatment System in Batam their containers/temporary dumping site before Municipality transferred to final disposal site. Solid waste treatment system in Batam Government has conducted a 3R (reduce, reuse Municipality is managed by Dinas Kebersihan dan and recycle of the waste) campaign to community. 2) Pertamanan (DKP) (Waste and Landscape Management Agency).
This institution has been Hereafter we can find several neighborhoods which appointed according to Batam Municipality have done waste source treatment although it is still Regulation No. 12/2007 regarding Establishing on limited because of lack of knowledge and low Organization Structure and Work Arrangement in willingness to implement government campaign. Batam Municipality. Waste transportation in Batam Municipality is held by conveyor company and supported by Storage (individual Controlled Household government transporter.
Temporary /semi communal) Landfill dumping site Conveyor company is Final Storage (individual) Offices responsible for Temporary Waste Picker Disposal transportation of waste dumping site Site Storage (individual Market generation from households, (FDS) /communal) Temporary offices, markets, and Composting dumping site Industry industry. Meanwhile Storage (individual) Temporary government transporter is dumping site Street/Park for park/street and public Storage (communal) facilities.
Currently Batam Municipality deploys 3 Collec Trans Waste Storage FDS conveyor companies ting porting Generation appointed by Waste and Fig. Solid Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality Landscape Management Agency based on auction mechanism. Waste generation comes from households, Waste generation from all the sources finally is offices, markets, industries, and street/park as shown transported to final disposal site (FDS) in Telaga in Fig 1. 1) In the residential place, resident supplies Punggur. It is located on south eastern of Batam container such as small masonry container, plastic Island and 15,8 km from Batam Municipality central drum/thrash bin, and small bracket. Unfortunately office.
It has been operated since 1997 on the area of resident sometimes does not supply the container in 46 ha. Until now the area utilized for waste treatment particular, they just put in their household waste in is about 17 ha. the plastic bag only very cursory and then place it in Several facilities constructed in Telaga Punggur front of their house and then to be collected by FDS such as road, weighbridge (1 unit), office (1 janitors. Moreover resident has not done source unit), heavy vehicle station (1 unit), drainage, basin separation even though there were campaigns from leachate (1 unit).
Currently Telaga Punggur FDS is government. In fact source separation campaign done applying the controlled landfill for the waste by government is limited for wet and dry waste treatment where the waste in FDS is dumped, layered category. Currently there is no regulation for garbage and compacted to finally is covered with soil at least separation in this municipality. each seven days. Various attempts were also made to leachate produced using leachate management system with a touch of technology Fluidized Bed Biofilm Reactor (FBBR).
We can find other activities in Telaga Punggur FDS included waste reducing by attendance around 300 waste pickers and composting activities which is run by Telaga Punggur FDS authority. However several problems cannot be avoid such as fire accident on the landfill site because of excess production of methane gas which has not been collected technologically or leachete which not treated properly contaminated the river and the sea. 2. The Needs on The Existing Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality Waste generation in Batam Municipality has been increasing gradually by the increased population.
Table 1 shows waste generation in Batam municipality for the last seven years. 3) Unfortunately the capacity to transfer the waste to FDS is less than 100%. In 2012 until the month of October there was 127,763 ton of unable transported waste. It means during 2012 there was dumped waste in the city at average 420. 27 ton/day. Hereinafter there will be more complaint from residents to authority until they will dispose their garbage to road side, river, and the sea or they just left behind in the surrounding neighborhood.
The environment will be more polluted and contaminated as well as low public health will occurs since vector of contagious disease is increasing. There are at least 6 needs on existing waste treatment system in Batam Municipality as following: 1. People education to reduce, reuse and recycle the waste in order to reduce waste generation. The rate of increasing waste generation will be equal with rate of population. 2. People education for waste separation and proper individual waste storage in order to reduce bad odor and breeding vector of contagious disease in neighborhood. . Neighborhoods have to supply the site and install healthy temporary dumping site so it can reduce unsightly appearance or causing nuisance and unhygienic conditions.
Government can build health temporary dumping sites as pilot project. 4. Increase capacity transfer of waste to FDS in order to reduce complaints from resident by supplying new fleet of vehicles which designed for reducing nuisance on the way to FDS. 5. Increase capacity treatment of waste in FDS by supplying more heavy vehicles for controlled landfill proportionally toward input of waste volume. 6.
Upgrade new technology in FDS to collect methane gas produced in controlled landfill in order to get benefit from new waste energy resource. Table 1. Waste Generation In Batam Municipality Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 oct 2012 Number of Population 713,960 727,878 899,944 922,371 1,056,701 1. 137. 894 1. 153. 860 TOTAL Generated Transported Waste to Unable transported Waste FDS Waste to FDS Ton/year (ton/year) (%) (to/year) (%) 208,476 165,226 79. 25% 43,251 20. 75% 212,540 195,172 91. 83% 17,369 8. 17% 262,784 178,045 67. 75% 84,740 32. 25% 269,332 190,000 70. 54% 79,332 29. 46% 308,557 208,998 67. 3% 99,559 32. 27% 332,264 217,599 65. 49% 114,665 34. 51% 336,927 209,164 62. 08% 127,763 37. 92% 1,930,880 1,364,204 70. 65% 566,679 29. 35%
Source: DKP Kota Batam 2012 3. New Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality New waste treatment system planned in Batam Municipality will be fundamentally based on the improvement of human resources and the use of advanced eco friendly-technology which has a growing awareness of the community participation. Table 2. New Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality Stage • New System Subject regarding reduce, reuse, recycle the waste generation must be learned in the school.
Sustainable campaign and promoting mass action to decrease unnecessary/excessive packaging and be wiser on using resource. New inventory and data accumulation of waste generation. The Four waste stream separation program which are 1. Empty can and bottles. 2. Plactic, container and packing. 3. Burnable trash/ organic. 4) hazardous/unburnable Applying new rule of labeled plastic trash. Rule for waste separation with reward and punishment. Neighborhood composting program. Trash Bank Hygiene temporary dumping site. Coordinated collecting in neighborhood. Thrash which are not in suggested thrash bag will not be transfer.
Supply sufficiently new fleet vehicles which designed for reducing nuisance on the way to FDS. Fix schedule for categorized waste collecting. Zero resident complaint for waste collecting to FDS Sanitary landfill to change existing controlled landfill. Operate a methane recovery and flaring system and to be used as power plant on existing controlled landfill Advanced Recycling Plant Advanced thermal treatment (incineration) Advanced composting technology Advanced leachate treatment system Waste Generation Source Separation Storage & treatment Collec ting Trans porting FDS • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Table 2 above shows new waste treatment system in Batam Municipality. It explains the stage to do range from originated waste to the waste treatment in FDS. Ultimately, the achievement of significant waste generation reduction depends on public attitudes. Source Separation Storage treatment & Collecting Education is essential in changing public attitude. It is important to teach children to have good behavior earlier to environment. Respective institution also has to campaign continuously to building occupant and resident regarding new waste treatment system in Batam Municipality.
Proper waste deposit in household is one of success key in municipal waste management. Meanwhile using labeled plastic trash will facilitate waste loading to vehicle, transporting and separating the waste in FDS as well as to prevent breeding vector of contagious disease. Local government provide subsidy for trash supply to resident. Transportation using designed vehicles for reducing nuisance of waste should be done regularly to ensure the waste in containers/trolleys and dust bin sites are cleared before they start to overflowing. The frequency of transportation should be arranged accordingly.
Trash which does not put in labeled plastic bag will not be transferred. Waste delivered to FDS should be treated directly. Treatment will be done by three types in following plant: (1) Recycling plant. (2) Incineration and melting plant. (3) Controlled landfill site. (4) Leachete control reservoir. (5) Leachete treatment plant. (6) Operate a methane recovery and flaring system and to be used as power plant on existing controlled land fill. Table 3. Management Aspect in New Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality Item • the city. Complete management aspect in new waste treatment system can be seen in Table 3. . Problem Expected to Arise Accompanying with the Change in the System and Its Solution Implementation of a new concept of waste treatment in Batam Municipality will face several problems expected to arise. Table 4 shows the expected problem and planned solution for new waste treatment system in Batam Municipality. Table 4. Expected Problem and Planned Solution for New Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality Stage Waste Generation • Expected Problem Costs arising for ecofriendly production Cost arising for people education People rejection to supply the labeled plastic trash.
Low rate supply hygienic temporary dumping site by community Low willingness to do composting in community scale Over loaded waste in temporary dumping site Low maintenance of temporary dumping site Can be minimized by using enough fleet of vehicles New zone for new advanced sanitary landfill and other plant for waste treatment. High cost for set up advanced technology FDS • Planned Solution Incentive from government Budgeting Provide reward punishment Incentive from government Continuous campaign Appropriate design, fix schedule transporting Continuous people education and campaign local • • • and local • • • • • • • • • • Finan ce • •
Sufficient budget for New Waste Treatment System. Waste levy charges collection integrated with other public utility fee. Standardized operational procedural Advanced and eco-friendly high technology. FDS Suitability vision and mission with existing condition. Good human resources performance and willingness for high work ethic culture. Stakeholder supporting on integrated waste solid management. Institutional Trans porting Management • • • Integrated existing controlled landfill zone Scheme of Pubic Private Partnership • • • Regulat ion • • • • • New idea regulation to meet with New Waste Treatment System Strict Law enforcement Balanced reward and punishment Continuously people education on new waste treatment system to create wiser social and culture in community. Commitment to instilling the principles, practices and culture of environmental stewardship into all aspects of life The Management of new waste treatment should meet the requirement of different aspects. 4) Local authority must have good plan to be implemented in References: 1.
Bappeda Kota Batam. (2004). RTRW Kota Batam 2004-2014. Batam: Pemerintah Kota Batam. 2. Fitrianto, A. (2007). Prospek 3R dalam Pengelolaan Sampah di Kota Batam. Yogyakarta: UGM. 3. Dinas Kebersihan dan Pertamanan Kota Batam. (2012). Profil Dinas Kebersihan dan Pertamana Kota Batam. Batam: Dinas Kebersihan dan Pertamanan Kota Batam. 4. Subarkah, S. , Margaretha, S. , & Hesti, L. (2012). Analisis Strategi Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Berbasis Masyarakat di Kota Semarang. Journal of Public Policy and Management Review, Vol. 1 No. 1.
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