Welfare Reform Essay, Research Paper
To Be … Or Not To Be
Expression at our state! We have industrial engineering, an instruction system, advanced wellness attention, a banking system, plentifulness of nutrient available and so much more that is easy accessible. If all this is available to everyone, why are at that place people that don ’ Ts have topographic points to kip and things to eat? The fact that the United States is a rich state is the cardinal ground why people, that are willing, will ne’er hunger or travel without holding shelter.
The biggest expostulation that people have with assisting others is that much of the needy does non seek to better themselves and that they take a free drive through life. One really controversial plan provided by the United States Government is public assistance. The public assistance system can be utile in society but there are besides effects to the system that must be addressed.
Social welfare refers to a host of policies and plans designed to better the well- being of the United States population.
Defined it is a province of well- being holding prosperity, comfort and wellness. Dating back to the mid 1930 ’ s, President Roosevelt established a plan to assist the public assistance of the hapless call the Works Progress Administration or WPA. Under this attempted solution, which lasted until 1943, public occupations were provided to the able-bodied hapless in exchange for aid. When WPA began, it ’ s donees totaled a half million people ( Cozic, 12 ) . Since the terminal of this plan others have been established. The most common is the Aid for Families of Dependent Children or AFDC, which is a plan for single individual female parents and their kids. In 1995, AFDC had a line up of 14 million Americans with two- tierces being kids. Since the start of the War on Poverty in 1965, the United States has spent more than 3.5 trillion dollars seeking to diminish the lower class. The Numberss from 1935 to 1995 rose well, which had America looking for better ways to work out the job of the hapless.
There are many statements brought up among partizan political relations. Like every other subject faced in this state, the Conservatives and Liberals merely can non look to wholly hold. The chief end that both Conservatives and Liberals portion about public assistance is the desire to travel public assistance receivers off the public assistance axial rotation and into occupations. That is logical but so far out of range. Peoples are ever looking for the easy manner through life such as free aid from the authorities.
While the desirable result is common, the grounds for failure of the system differ. Conservatives believe that many public assistance receivers spend long periods of clip roll uping authorities assistance because the ample aid that they are having is more attractive than traveling to work. The fact that public assistance provides the basic necessities without necessitating work, receivers have no enterprise to go self-supporting and happen a occupation ( Rector, Internet ) . Conservatives acknowledge the lone manner to promote the dependent hapless to acquire occupations, is to stop the public assistance system ( Cozic,13 ) . By stoping the public assistance system, the working-aged individual would hold nil else to turn to but the occupation market, household members, friends, and public or private locally funded services ( Cozic,36 ) . The lone manner to forestall new people from come ining the failed system is to stop the plan that protects them organize the effects of their actions.
On the other manus, Liberals are welfare advocators. Liberals believe that those in demand are trapped in poorness because neither the system nor the low pay work available to them enables them to get the better of poorness ( Cozic,14 ) . Liberals argue that if the federal authorities continues its traditional pattern of offering free press releases, kids would be better off, and the societal conditions of the lower class Americans will worsen or vanish. Under the system, these ideals have been tried and they have failed. Children on public assistance compared to those whose households are hapless but non on public assistance, do less good in school and earn less ( Rector, Internet ) .
Possibly one of the biggest concerns covering with the public assistance system is the factor of dependence. Imagine yourself a individual adult female with three kids populating in a lodging development with no money, and no occupation. Where do you turn? Well, like 5 million other individual mas in the AFDC plan you rely on the authorities to assist you until you get back up on your pess. While on public assistance, your rent is paid, there are wellness benefits for your kids and you even acquire money to pass on necessities. At the same clip your having nutrient casts for nutrient and your kids are acquiring free tiffin at school. What a great life! While the childs are at school your acquiring paid to maintain up with Jerry Springer. Sounds good, huh? Unfortunately, it sounded good for many of the public assistance receivers. Who could fault them? Many people, 70 per centum in some provinces, do really acquire off the plan but end up re-enrolling because of the revenue enhancement load of low pay occupations, kid attention costs, and wellness attention costs ( Cozic,26 ) . Womans are traveling out and acquiring occupations happening that they are merely working to pay for child care costs. Welfare assistance is revenue enhancement free unlike holding a occupation where a significant sum is taken out for revenue enhancements. Finally when a adult females finds a occupation she is asked to give up her kids ’ s wellness benefits and is left paying on her ain which can be dearly-won. Welfare has created a universe in which grownups have abandoned their hopes for today and have found the easy manner out.
After many de
bates and after blackballing two old versions of public assistance reform, President Clinton eventually signed the congressional reform measure into jurisprudence. The new jurisprudence still abides by the same construction as the old one but so reformed in four major ways. First, the Reformed jurisprudence would extinguish improper fiscal inducements for province authoritiess. Under the old legislative assembly, AFDC was funded consequently to the figure of individuals enrolled in each province. If a province enrolls more they get more or if they decrease the figure they get less. In kernel the provinces that cut down the figure of receivers are penalized and the provinces with an addition in figure are rewarded. Under the reform jurisprudence, a new support system was established. Each province will be given a fixed dollar sum which will be increased bit by bit from twelvemonth to twelvemonth and if a province reduces its figure of donees, it’s federal grant will non be cut. The province keeps any excess of the grant and can so use the financess to other aid plans to assist the hapless. Conversely, any province that has an addition of receivers will hold to bear the added cost. Second, the reform slows the growing of public assistance disbursement. The reform statute law will decelerate the rate of growing to around 35 per centum from 50 per centum over the following seven old ages to allow future common province disbursement in plans such as AFDC, Food Stamps, Supplemental Social Security Income, kid nutrition plans, Foster Care, Social Services Block Grant and Earned Income Tax Credit, to spread out faster than the rate of rising prices. The 3rd promotion will supply inducements to cut down bastardy. With the prostration of matrimony, the figure of babes born out of marriage is about at tierce of all American kids. The reform measure combats bastardy in three ways. 1 ) The reform measure requires each province authorities to put a numerical end for cut downing the figure of babes born out of marriage over the following 10 old ages. 2 ) The measure offers an inducement of fillip support to the province if it decreases the figure of illicit births without the abortion rates increasing. 3 ) The jurisprudence financess a 50 million-dollar plan to educate abstention to youth. Finally, the 4th major manner of reform is that the jurisprudence will set up work demands. Remember the chief end of public assistance is to cut down the figure of people having assistance by seting them into occupations. Under the new jurisprudence, AFDC receivers will be required to take private-sector occupations. If there are non plenty private-sector occupations, receivers will be placed in community service and will non be paid until the service has been accomplished. If an person fails to work the assigned figure of hours, his public assistance benefits will be reduced ( Rector, Internet ) . Although the new reform statute law is non traveling to bring around all the jobs with the system it is a start.
Another reform, the Welfare Reform Act of 1997, was passed by and large keeping the old system ’ s particular demands and besides has four key differences, as did the 1996 reform act. The first being the receivers being required to be in workfare for more hours being calculated utilizing minimal pay alternatively of the set pay of public assistance. Second, more arrangements of babies and yearlings in twenty-four hours attention will assist ease the costs and advance more work ethic. Third is the usage of non-cash assistance alternatively of hard currency to be certain of necessity use. Finally, the old regulations exempted those with kids less than three old ages old and the new regulations exempt merely those caring for a kid less than 1 twelvemonth old and merely for a upper limit of 3 months ( Rector, Internet ) . With careful consideration, the public assistance system will go on to better every bit long as there are people in demand.
Many people are huffy at the authorities because they feel that they are victims of the system. In personal sentiment, everyone is a victim. Taxpayers are victims because they have to pick up the measure for failed plans. Largely, are the hapless themselves. They are trapped in a system that destroys their dreams and the hope for their kids. The fact that public assistance is such a degrading system, many people are ashamed to step frontward and claim the aid they need. One illustration is the homeless. The handiness of public assistance must be combined with active outreach by social workers ( Roleff, 195 ) . Equally degrading as public aid is, it is less degrading than people imploring, stealing and hungering on the streets.
Poverty appears to depend on economic growing. It is necessary to make good paying occupations and to better the economic factors that cause poorness to assist the needy. Since the formation of the public assistance policy, we have seen that economic growing in itself will non extinguish poorness, but it may diminish it ( Roleff,194 ) . Congress needs to reconstruct America ’ s interior metropoliss, and encourage concern chances and occupation creative activity in the poorest communities. There is no ground why in the land of the plentifulness we should hold such a high figure of people populating in poorness. Once the jobs of public assistance are addressed, it will function its intent to the meriting needy of our state. When it comes down to the merely of the job, it is up to the person to take control of his or her life. Where there ’ s a will there is decidedly a manner.
Cozic, Charles P. & A ; Winters, Paul A. ( Ed. ) . ( 1997 ) . Social welfare: Opposing Point of views. San Diego, CA, Greenhaven Press Inc.
Roleff, Tamara L. ( Ed. ) . ( 1996 ) . The Homeless: Opposing Point of views. San Diego, CA, Greenhaven Press Inc.
How Congress Reformed the Welfare System. ( 1996 ) .
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