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Acetic Acid and Ink

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Introduction

A.Background of the Study
The group will conduct the study because the group noticed that teabag extract is dark in colour and it can be use to make ink, and also the group noticed that teabags are made from natural resources. Some kinds of teas are made out of a plant known as Camellis Sinensis. This plant is native to mainland China, but it is today cultivated across the world specially in tropical regions. Due to the chlorophylls and other pigments in the leaves, the extract commonly appears with a brown colour.

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B.Statement of the Problem
The group aims to find out the potency of the extract of the leaves from the plant Camellis Sinensis as an ink. Nowadays, the environment is being destructed and one the major causes of destruction is water pollution. These are the objectives of the group’s study: 1.to use the extract as component of ink

2.to use vinegar to strengthen the colour of the ink
3.can cornstarch contribute to achieving the right consistency of the ink C.Significance of the Study
This investigatory project will benefit us by producing an alternative to other inks, specially the materials to be used in the group’s project are common and easy to find. Surely the people in China and Japan will benefit the most because they drink tea as their water, also no chemicals are used in the group’s project.

D.Scope and Limitations
The group is going to make ink out of teabag extract, and this study will be conducted for minutes – 6-8 minutes for boiling and 5 minutes for mixing and preparing. The group’s research and experiment will only be limited in making a simple ink, as a colorant. It will not include inks that will use machines such as printers, copiers, and so on. Also on the product the group’s study will include the effects of vinegar and cornstarch on the product for us to have accurate observations, we will be creating set-ups as an ink with vinegar and cornstarch and one without. E.Definition of Terms

Camellis Sinensis- a species of plant whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce the popular beverage tea. It is of the genus Lamellia (tea flower), a genus of flowering plants in the family. Theaceae, white tea, yellow tea, green tea, oolong, puerah tea, and black tea are all harvested from this specie, but are processed differently to attain different levels of oxidation.

F.Hypothesis
1.Alternative- If teabag extract will be used as an alternative in making ink, then the extract taken from the teabags has the potential component of an ink.

Null- If the teabag extract will be used as an alternative in making ink, then the extract taken from the teabags will not show the potential as a component of an ink.

2.Alternative- if vinegar and cornstarch will be added to the mixture, then the product will have a strong colour and thinker consistency.

Null- if vinegar and cornstarch are added into mixture, then the product won’t have a stronger colour and thicker consistency.

Chapter II
Review of Related Literature and Studies

A.Review of Related Literature
Teabags contain leaves and natural flavour in order to transfer the taste into the water when soaked in hot water. In this experiment we will add cornstarch and vinegar to balance the colour and consistency.

Cornstarch is a thick powder used for cooking and can change the consistency of a liquid into more volatile.

Vinegar is a liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid and water. The acetic acid is produced by the fermentation of ethanol by acetic acid bacteria. Acetic acid is an organic compound, it is colourless liquid that when undiluted is also called glacial acetic acid. Vinegar, naturally has many components like acetic acid and water. Even though it is composed of compounds, it is still environment friendly, and it is not a pollutant to the government, like CFC’s.

Boiling all the components at a very high temperature is required, thus the vinegar’s limit of heat is 118oC for it to boil. Also getting the extract properly is very important because the extract of the teabag has the component Camellis Sinensis.

B.Review of Related Study
There are other investigatory project that tried to use natural products to produce an ink, and some of these are Charcoal as an Alternative Ink, Production of Brown Ink Out of Gmelina Arborea Fruit, and lastly Banana Sap and Rice Stock as Ink Bases of Natural Ink vs. Commercial Ink.

The results are as expected. The project who made ink out of charcoal had an ink as dark as a commercialized ink.

Chapter 3
Methodology

A.Experimental Design
The group’s project we plan to test out which ink will be better, the one with vinegar and cornstarch or without. These are the step in making the ink:

Set-up A:
1.Place 7 teabags in 11/2 cups of boiling water
2.Boil the tea for 6-8 minutes
3.Remove the teabags in the boiling water. Use a strainer and a fork to remove all the extracts. 4.Add a tablespoon of vinegar while stirring the tea
5.While stirring, add as much dissolved cornstarch as you need to have your desired consistency. 6.Remove from heat and let it cool then store the ink in the bottle.

Set-up B:
1.Place 7 teabags in 11/2 cups of boiling water
2.Boil the tea for 6-8 minutes
3.Remove the teabags in the boiling water. Use a strainer and a fork to remove all the extracts. 4.Remove from heat and let it cool then store the ink in the bottle

The experimental variable is set-up A, we added vinegar and cornstarch in the product.

B.Data Gathering Procedure
The group will record the project by checking both set-up and compare it to each other and see what set-up worked better.

C.Data Analysis
The group will analyse the data according to its results of its
effectiveness, colour, and consistency between set-ups A and B.

D.Materials
The group will use some materials and equipment in making the ink in each set-ups. This includes the following: •7teabags
•11/2 cups of water
•cornstarch
•vinegar
•fork
•strainer
•bottle
•stove

Cite this Acetic Acid and Ink

Acetic Acid and Ink. (2016, Oct 04). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/acetic-acid-and-ink/

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