We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

See Pricing

What's Your Topic?

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

What's Your Deadline?

Choose 3 Hours or More.
Back
2/4 steps

How Many Pages?

Back
3/4 steps

Sign Up and See Pricing

"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Back
Get Offer

Production Of Pen Ink From Pulverized Charcoal Sample

Hire a Professional Writer Now

The input space is limited by 250 symbols

Deadline:2 days left
"You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy"
Write my paper

AbstractionThis survey served as an rating of the authority of powdered wood coal and used cooking oil as alternate natural stuffs for the production of pen ink. The powdery wood coal is the beginning of the ink’s chief pigment while the used cookery oil serves as the ink’s bearer. The cornflour and acetum merely serve as additives to increase the ink’s stableness and consistence.

The methods used in this survey affect the powdering. or in scientific term. powder of wood coal ; cleansing and filtration of used cookery oil ; and in conclusion.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Production Of Pen Ink From Pulverized Charcoal Sample
Just from $13,9/Page
Get custom paper

the add-on of acetum and amylum.

All of the ingredients – powdery wood coal. used cooking oil. amylum and acetum – were assorted with different sums to find which proportion is the best as authorship ink. The qualities of the ink mixtures were tested on paper utilizing empty pen ink cartridges and compared to commercially available pens. The qualities tested were: strength of colour. olfactory property. consistence. opposition to melting.

texture and over-all acceptableness as a authorship ink.

The trial showed that one of the sample proportions yields the best consequences when all of the identified standards were tested. Although by and large. all of the sample ink preparations are inferior to commercial pen ink.

Production OF PEN INK FROM PULVERIZED CHARCOAL AND USED COOKING OIL WITH VINEGAR AND STARCH AS ADDITIVES

IntroductionInk. as defined by Wikipedia. is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to colourise a surface to bring forth an image. text. or design. It can be used for pulling or composing with a pen. coppice. or quill. Ink can be a complex medium. composed of dissolvers. pigments. dyes. rosins. lubricators. solubilizers. wetting agents. particulate affair. fluoresces. and other stuffs. The ink constituents serve many intents. viz. : the ink’s bearer. colorants. and other additives which affect the flow and thickness of the ink and its visual aspect when prohibitionist. Ink formulas vary. but normally involve three basic constituents: colorants. vehicles. and additives. Ancient civilizations around the universe have discovered ink preparations for the intents of authorship and drawing. The first inks produced were said to be Chinese inks. utilized from natural works dyes. animate being and mineral inks based on such stuffs as black lead that were ground with H2O and applied ink coppices.

Meanwhile. wood coal. a soft. toffee. lightweight. black. porous stuff. chiefly dwelling of C. has been used since earliest times for a big scope of intents including art and medical specialty. but by far its most of import usage has been as a metallurgical fuel. It is used in art for pulling and doing unsmooth studies in painting. On the other manus. every kitchen offers a topographic point for cooking oil. an indispensable portion of cookery. Discoveries have known that engine oil can work as an ink’s vehicle. Almost similar and both oils. there is a high possibility that cooking oil can work non merely in frying. but besides in ink production. Alternatively of sing these two ( wood coal and cookery oil ) waste or rubbish after holding served their chief intents. the authority of these ingredients. as alternate natural stuffs in ink production shall be determined.

This investigatory undertaking will profit adult male. particularly pupils and pen users. for bring forthing alternate for commercial inks. Nowadays. these manufactured inks come in rather expensive cost. but since the stuffs to be used in this undertaking are about domestically available. it can be a promising scheme to pass less money for pens. Besides. alternatively of throwing off those fictile pens. replenishing the ink cartridges is an eco-friendly manner of life. Another thing. no risky chemicals will be used in the preparation of this ink. doing it non-toxic. compared to commercially available inks which have high inclinations of harming one’s wellbeing and the environment.

Production OF PEN INK FROM PULVERIZED CHARCOAL AND USED COOKING OIL WITH VINEGAR AND STARCH AS ADDITIVES

This research survey was conducted from November 2014 to March 2015 to: 1 ) examine the potency of wood coal and cookery oil in the production of inks ; 2 ) find the consequence of the additives ( acetum and cornflour ) in accomplishing the consistence and stableness of the coveted ink ; and 3 ) place the best formula or preparation for the ink.

However. this research is merely limited to bring forthing a simple ink as a pen ink. It does non include inks used in machines such as pressmans and inks used in large publication companies.

Review of Related Literature

Different ink preparations were determined and experimented by blending all the ingredients such as wood coal. used engine oil and the oil-miscible dissolver. ( Dela Cruz. et Al. 2008 ) Beginning: Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as Alternative Materials for the production of Whiteboard Marker Ink. 2008

In inks made from teabags. the add-on of acetum and cornflour efficaciously contributed to accomplishing the coveted qualities of the ink in footings of consistence and colour. Beginning: Ink made from Teabags. 2012 ( World Wide Web. slideshare. cyberspace )

Production OF PEN INK FROM PULVERIZED CHARCOAL AND USED COOKING OIL WITH VINEGAR AND STARCH AS ADDITIVES

Conceptual Model

HypothesissPulverized wood coal and used cooking oil can be executable alternate stuffs in pen ink production. The add-on of acetum and cornflour would ensue to a more coveted ink in footings of colour strength. consistence. etc.

Production OF PEN INK FROM PULVERIZED CHARCOAL AND USED COOKING OIL WITH VINEGAR AND STARCH AS ADDITIVES

Methodology

Materialswood coal briquettesused cookery oilacetum ( colorless. if possible )cornflourgrill. or metal fire cavityglass jarglass bowlwire coppiceweighing scale/kitchen graduated tablemensurating cups and spoondProcedureCollection and PreparationA smattering of wood coal briquettes were burnt in a barbeque grill or metal fire cavity until it is turned into ash or pulverized wood coal. Once the ash has cooled wholly. ashes were collected and weighed. A mensural sum of powdered wood coal was placed into a glass bowl and was mixed with a mensural volume of distilled H2O. The charcoal-water mixture was stirred until bunchs of wood coal disappeared. A specific and mensural measure of acetum and cornflour were added. besides. The mixture with all the ingredients completed was stirred and kept in a tightfitting palpebra.












Production OF PEN INK FROM PULVERIZED CHARCOAL AND USED COOKING OIL WITH VINEGAR AND STARCH AS ADDITIVES

The composing of the assorted mixtures of ink preparations are as follows: Table 1. Composition of the Various Mixtures of Ink Formulations with Emphasis on the Amount of Cooking Oil

Cite this Production Of Pen Ink From Pulverized Charcoal Sample

Production Of Pen Ink From Pulverized Charcoal Sample. (2017, Jul 20). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/production-of-pen-ink-from-pulverized-charcoal-essay-sample-1569/

Show less
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Search for essay samples now

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get my paper now

For Only $13.90/page