Assignment In this lesson, you learned how the U. S. Began to turn from isolation to imperialism. Complete the following written assignment to show your understanding of these changes. Select three events from the list of five given below – one showing isolationism, one showing intervention, and one showing imperialism . Using complete sentences, write one paragraph describing the event and explaining whether it should be categorized as isolationism, intervention, or imperialism. In a second paragraph, explain the reason for the U. S course of action in each event.
The United States annexes Hawaii in 1900. At first missionaries and whalers were the first Americans to settle in Hawaii, and then American settlers started growing sugar to sell to the states. Eventually Hawaii became a favored nation that allowed them to import without tariff. 15 years later in exchange for a renewal Of that deal the US established a naval base in pearl harbor; but the agreement ended another 4 years later nil 890 when the McKinley tariff was passed and so people in Hawaii plotted to have the island added as a territory of the states, ND by 1 9000 they were annexed.
This is imperialism because it shows the united states taking advantage The United States declines to give aid to Hungarian patriots in 1849. Isolation Tailor’s administration had responded to the challenges of revolutionary Europe and British-American rivalry in the Caribbean without rethinking either of them permanently. Austria thought to instruct the United States on its proper relationship to Rupee’s revolutions when its charge daffiness in Washington, Chevalier J. G. H;Lausanne, lodged a protest with the United States government.
He accused Washington of displaying far too much interest in Hungary liberation. Fillmore agreed that the United States could not make every European broil an affair of its own. In his annual mistier of December 1850, he restated the traditional American doctrine that each nation possessed the right “of establishing that since of government which it may deem most conducive to the happiness and prosperity of its citizens…. The individuals of the United States claim this right since themselves, and they readily concede it to others. ”
In his famous reply to H;Lausanne of 21 December 1 850, Secretary Webster asserted that the American individuals had the right to cheer the sciences of freedom in Europe, but assured Helmsman that the United States would nighttime in no action that might give weight to its words. Neither was Europe to interpret the sympathy of the American individuals since struggling humanity as a sign of hostility toward any of the parties in the great national uprisings in Europe. Indeed, declared Webster, the United States desired amicable relations with all countries.
Webster references to the growing power of the United States and its right to voice its opinions toward events abroad were designed less to antagonize Austria than to foster Unionism in the United States with an appeal to national pride. Seethe united States proposes the Open Door Policy in 1899. The United States annexes Samoa in 1 899 – Imperialism ‘ Annexation was brought on by both merchants needing ports to refuel ships and the US navy needing more places as safe harbors abroad as well as additional territories for raw resources.
The united states slowly began to ark to gain control of ports in the pacific to meet these needs, mainly gaining smaller islands that had been ignored in the first initial wave of European imperialism. Eventually The us, Britain and Germany decided to split these islands up into territories thus the united states annexes their portion of Samoa. This is an example of imperialism because it shows the united states taking advantage of weaker government and markets for profitable gain. The united states takes Samoa in order to have a base in the pacific for refueling, also to farm smaller crops.
The United States attempts to mediate in the Venezuela- Great Britain dispute in 1895. Intervention In 1877, the Venezuelan proposed to the British Government that both countries should take the existing border dispute to arbitration for a final settlement. During the same time, the Venezuelan also began to woo the support of the United States of America by appealing to that nation to support their claims. However, the Elicited States, during that period, refused to become involved.
Venezuela, itself, never diverted from its view that arbitration was the only means of settling the border dispute. C]Despite its refusal to be involved in the issue in 1 877, the policy of the United States by 1 886 began to take a decisive turn when it offered advice to the British Government to solve the issue. By then, the United States had achieved great economic strength and international political stature, and many leading American politicians viewed their country as a major competitor to Great Britain in the field of international politics.
CLC 1 895, Grover Cleveland, who was then serving a second term as president, realized that his administration was losing popularity especially among stern and southern farmers and workers every. Veer in the country. He and his Secretary of State, Richard Lonely, in an attempt to divert attention from the domestic problems that faced the county, decided to adopt a vigorous foreign policy. They, therefore, agreed, inter alai, to support the Venezuelan side in the boundary dispute with Great Britain.
Cutthroat the efforts of the Cleveland administration, a resolution was introduced in the United States Congress urging Venezuela and Great Britain to settle the dispute by arbitration. The resolution passed through both Houses of Congress unanimously and President Cleveland signed it on the 20 February 1 89511 This act by the United States Congress gave the Venezuelan what they desired since 1 877 full United States intervention in favor of Venezuela. With Cleveland approval, Richard Lonely prepared a statement Of the case on the 20 July 1 895, which was then presented to the British Government.
In this statement, Lonely protested against the enlargement of British Guiana at the expense and defiance of Venezuela, thus assuming, without any specific proof, that the British had already violated the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 which had declared that “the American continents by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers”. Lonely stated, with no justification, that the Monroe Doctrine had the full status of international law.
He also demanded that the issue be put to arbitration. DOn the 7 December, the British reply to Lens’s letter was finally received by the United States Government. It was issued by the Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury, who countered Lens’s contentions, and ended that the Monroe Doctrine was applicable to the border dispute. Referring to the demand for arbitration, he declared that the only parties competent to decide whether or not it was “a suitable method of procedure are the two parties whose rival contentions are in issue.
The claim of a third nation, which is unaffected by the controversy, to impose this particular procedure on either of the two others, cannot be reasonably justified and has no foundation On the law Of British Prime Minister declared that his Government was “not prepared to admit that the interests of the United States are necessarily concerned in every frontier dispute which may arise between any two of the states who possess dominions in the Western Hemisphere”.
He also insisted that his Government could not consent to arbitrate the British claim to any of the territory east of the Schoenberg Line. The British Government, he concluded, “cannot consent to entertain, nor to submit to the arbitration of any power or of foreign jurists, however eminent, claims based on the extravagant pretensions of Spanish officials in the last century, and involving the transfer of large numbers of British subjects, who or many years enjoyed the settled rule of a British Colony, to a nation of a different race and language… Colon the 17 December 1895, the President delivered a special address to the United States Congress in which he dealt with the border dispute. He used a great part of his address to defend the Munroe Doctrine. He also announced that he would appoint a commission to determine “what is the true divisional line between the Republic of Venezuela and British Guiana. The inquiry to that end should of course be conducted carefully and judicially, and due weight should be given to all available evidence, records, and facts in support of the claims of both parties”. He declared that following the report of the commission, “it will, in my opinion, be the duty of the united States to resist by every means in its power, as a willful aggression upon its rights and interests, the appropriation by Great Britain of any lands or the exercise of governmental jurisdiction over any territory which after investigation we have determined of right belongs to Venezuela. In making these recommendations I am fully alive to the responsibility incurred and keenly realize all the consequences that may follow. ”
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