Symptoms and causes Anorexia Nervosa

Table of Content

Nervous in the number of women suffering from it, over the past 20 years. This would show the estimated number of people suffering from this disorder, approximately 90-95 percent are girls and women, and beјen 5 to 20 percent of individuals struggling with Anorexia made by the National Eating Disorder organization website. In addition, it would also show the different types, causes, effects , signs, symptoms, complications and preventions that pertains to Anorexia Nervous. Anorexia Nervous is an eating disorder in which people intentionally starve themselves.

It causes extreme weight loss, which the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, defines as at least 15 percent below the individual’s normal body weight. It is a serious condition that can be life-threatening. By some estimates, it leads to death in 10 percent of cases. Experienced treatment programs can help people of the condition to return to normal weight, but it is common for the disorder to return. On the other hand, this research paper was made so that people can be aware of Anorexia Nervous, which is an eating disorder.

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The consequences of eating disorders, can be severe – 5 percent to 20 percent of asses of Anorexia Nervous leads to death from starvation, cardiac arrest, other medical complications or suicide. Increasing awareness of the dangers of eating disorders-sparked by medical studies and extensive media coverage of the disorder – has led many people to seek help. Nevertheless, some people with eating disorders refuse to admit they have a problem and refuse treatment, most especially women. And with this research, they would be able to know more about Anorexia Nervous and could possibly help them. B.

Statement of the Problem Each year millions Of people in the United States are affected by errors and sometimes life-threatening eating disorder. More than 90 percent of those afflicted and young adult women. It is suggested that the reason women in this age group are particularly vulnerable to eating disorders is their tendency to go on strict diets to achieve an “ideal” figure. Researchers have found that such stringent dieting can play a key role in triggering eating disorders. They also chose this topic to determine the causes of Anorexia Nervous and the different ways on how to prevent this kind of eating disorder.

The main objective of this paper is to show the awareness of the angers of Anorexia Nervous. To further understand the said topic, this paper aims to answer the following questions: 1 . What is Anorexia Nervous? 2. What are the symptoms of Anorexia Nervous? 3. What are the causes and effects of Anorexia Nervous? 4. How do these people acquire Anorexia Nervous? 5. How can Anorexia Nervous be prevented? C. Significance of the Study: Anorexia Nervous can take weeks or even many months to improve. It can take several years for people with Anorexia to become completely better.

Many people found that they still have issues with food, even after treatment, UT they are more in control and can lead happier, more fulfilled lives. Unfortunately, some people with Anorexia die from causes related to Anorexia. Causes of death include infections, dehydration, blood chemical imbalance and even suicide. With this research it might be able to help the people to become aware by giving them an overview of Anorexia Nervous and for recognizing the signs and symptoms early by helping these people reduce the impact of Anorexia Nervous and help the people who are affected with a full recovery.

The specific sectors of society that would benefit from the study re those who are suffering from Anorexia Nervous. Approximately, 90-95% are girls and women, and with this research, this would help the affected to know more about Anorexia Nervous and it would enlighten their minds in knowing more information about their disorder. Another sectors would be the families of the affected person. As for their benefit, the family would be aware of the disorder, as well as, its symptoms and preventions. Lastly, the care providers that are involved with this disorder can also benefit in this study.

Their expertise in different fields Can be improved more and gain more knowledge about this disorder. D. Scope and Limitation: The research about Anorexia Nervous is delivering a closer look on the causes of Anorexia Nervous to show the alarming increase in the number of women suffering from it over the past 20 years. This tackles the definition of Anorexia Nervous, which is a very serious disorder that has a wide range of effects on the body and mind. It will also show the estimated number of people suffering from this kind of disorder.

Like other researches, the research paper also contains the different types, causes and effects Of the said topic, Anorexia Nervous. Moreover, diagnosis, signs and symptoms, Seibel complications, prevention and treatment for Anorexia Nervous will be discussed. E. Definition of Terms: 1 . Compulsive. It is having the capacity to compel. 2. Bloating. It is cause to swell up or inflate, as with liquid or gas. 3. Laxatives. It is a food or drug that stimulates evaluation of the bowels. 4. Arrhythmias. It is a fast, slow or irregular heartbeat. 5. Barricade. It is a slow heartbeat. . Hypertension. It is also known as low blood pressure. 7. Homological. It is a type of blood which mild anemia and leukemia are frequently bound. 8. Gastrointestinal. It occurs to the stomach and intestines ND has a normal movement in intestinal tract but often slows down with very restricted eating and severe weight loss. 9. Stunting. It is how to be able to check the growth or development. 10. Meticulous. It means extremely careful and precise. 11. Intervention. It is to come, appear or lie between two things. 12. Downy. It means resembling down. 13. Cessation.

It means a bringing or coming to an end. 14. Flaky. It is made of resembling flakes. 15. Degenerative. It is of, relating to, causing or characterized by degeneration. 16. Ipecac. It is a low-growing tropical American shrub. 17. Bizarre. It is strikingly conventional and far-fetched in style or appearance. . Collection of Readings A. Definition of Anorexia Nervous Anorexia Nervous, or simply Anorexia, is known to be a life- threatening eating disorder. It usually begins during adolescence; however, it can be developed at any age or stage in life and can either be in male Or in female.

In this case, people who have this kind of disorder tend to starve themselves due to the fear of becoming fat. After self-starvation, extreme weight loss will follow that can either led to dangerous health problems such as malnutrition, dangerous low body weight or even death. The term Anorexia literally means “loss of appetite” but this definition is misleading because it is more of a person who refuses to eat even though that person is hungry. A person with this disorder may be underweight, but still have the intense fear of getting fat and use methods like extreme exercise, use of laxatives, diet, and other methods to avoid weight gain.

According to other research associations, studies are finding that in some people with eating disorders certain brain chemicals that control digestion, appetite and hunger may be unbalanced. Anorexia Nervous is also known as a psychological illness with vegetating physical consequences. Experts believe susceptibility to eating disorders may be partly driven by a person’s genes. In many cases, anorexia nervous, bulimia nervous and other eating disorders have been found to run in families.

In addition, patients having this kind of disorder have not “lost” interest in food, they have intentionally restricted their food intake. A patient with this disorder has a distorted body image. These are more common in females because females are often conscious to their weight than the males. Moreover, the risk of developing or having Anorexia Nervous is gig to those actors or actresses, models, dancers, athletes, wrestlers, gymnasts, and figure skaters. Anorexia Nervous can start with the thoughts about dieting. Wrong or improper dieting can be a big factor on developing Anorexia.

B. Estimated Number of People Suffering from Anorexia Nervous Anorexia Nervous is known to be common in girls or women and less in boys or men. It is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women. The occurrence of anorexia nervous has increased over the past 20 years. In 2012, estimates suggested that over 7,000 of the 25,000 Australians with anorexia nervous were male. According to the National Eating Disorder Organization, the approximate percentage of people who suffers from Anorexia Nervous, as of 201 3, was 90 to 95 percent girls and women between ages 12 to 25.

For the foreign country like America, the estimated number of women who suffers from Anorexia Was between 0. 5 to 1 percent. For the estimated number or percentage of individual that is struggling with this disorder and most likely to lose their lives was between 5 to 20 percent. The probabilities of death cause by Anorexia Nervous increases within that range depending on the length of the condition. James Lock, MD, PhD, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford University Medical School says that anorexia nervous kills approximately 1 in every 10 patients.

This may consider that Anorexia Nervous has one of the highest death rates of any mental health condition. South Carolina Department of Mental Health states that eating disorders have the highest mortality rates of any mental illness. It also quotes a statistic that between 5 to 10 percent of anorexics die within 10 years Of contracting the disease and 18 to 20 percent within 20 years. C. Types of Anorexia Nervous Restricting type. Most commonly known type of Anorexia Nervous. A person who has this type of Anorexia restricts the amount of calories or food taken, especially carbohydrates and fats.

With this type, the person affected won’t vomit when increasing the food intake instead the person affected eat less or doesn’t eat at all and do what people with Anorexia normally do, which is to despise ones weight gain. The person who suffers from Anorexia may also get involve with extreme exercise in attempt to get rid of the fats gained. 2. Binge-eating or purging type. Less recognized type of Anorexia Nervous. A person who has this type Of Anorexia vomits or misuses laxatives. The person suffering from this type will have the tendency to vomit every food intake.

The sufferer will eat but once digested the sufferer will start vomiting to overcome the sense of guilt for the actions and to avoid the weight gain. It appears that most individuals with binge-eating or purging type engage in those behaviors’ at least weekly, but sufficient information is not available to justify the specification of a minimum frequency. D. Causes of Anorexia Nervous Anorexia Nervous has no single cause; it usually begins as innocent dieting behavior, but gradually progresses to extreme and unhealthy weight loss. Anorexia is a complex condition that arises from a combination of many social, emotional, and biological factors.

People who develop Anorexia are more likely to come from families with a history of weight problems, physical illness, and other mental health problems, such as depression or substance abuse. The pressure from society and the media to be thin is thought to play a part. The National Health Service, I-J, says that the majority of experts believe the mental disorder is caused by a combination of illogical, environmental and psychological factors. Some people have personality traits that cause to develop some mental disorders, particularly, Anorexia Nervous.

The following risk factors have been associated with anorexia nervous: Having a tendency towards depression Low self-esteem Feelings of helplessness Having an anxiety disorder as a child Challenged by appropriate problem solving, being too rigid, overly-critical, intrusive, and overprotective Fear of becoming fat Being overly worried about one’s weight and shape Being excessively worried, doubtful and/or scared about the future Being refection’s Having a negative self-image Having eating problems during early childhood or infancy Having had an anxiety disorder during childhood Holding specific cultural/social ideas regarding beauty and health Inhibition – the individual restrains or controls his or her behavior and expression Environmental factors – may include the hormonal changes that occur during puberty, plus feelings of anxiety, stress and low self-esteem. Other environmental factors some experts believe may contribute include physical abuse, sexual abuse, issues with family relationships, being bullied, other school stress (e. G. Exams), bereavement, and a stressful life event, such as the breakdown of a relationship or becoming unemployed. Biological Factors- may include brain hormone most related to stress, decreased levels of serotonin and nor epinephrine, and high levels of cortical.

The major risk factors for Anorexia: Body Dissatisfaction Strict Dieting Low Self-esteem Difficulty Expressing Feelings Perfection ism Troubled Family Relationships History of Physical or Sexual Abuse Family History of Eating Disorder There are many other contributing factors that may lead to the development of Anorexia Nervous including family environment, emotional faculties, low self-esteem, and traumatic experiences that happen or gone through the past. People with Anorexia are often perfectionists and over- achievers but inside the person who suffers with this disorder feel helpless, inadequate, and worthless and as that continue that person will feel a total failure.

For the family and social pressure; however, includes participation in different kind of activity that requires or demands slenderness, such as ballet, gymnastics, or modeling. It may also include the over-controlling personality of the parents and, lastly, the stressful life events. In addition, Anorexia Nervous can also be developed by biological factors. One example for Biological factor is by the genetics. If one has a sibling, parent or a relative that has Anorexia then most likely there’s a possibility that one of them would be able to inherit the disorder. E. Effects of Anorexia Nervous: physical Rooted in the emotional state of the victim, anorexia nervous produces profound physical effects.

The Anorexic person often appears to be skin and bones for the disorder tends to be a serious disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. The state of semi starvation sisters many body systems as it forces the body to conserve energy stores as much as possible. This attempt to conserve energy stores is the cause of most Of the physical effects. Moreover, many complications can be reversed by returning to a healthy weight, provided the duration of the insult has not been too long. The predictable effects caused by hormonal responses and deficient nutrient intakes from semi starvation and you can distinguish it if the victim has: A lowered body temperature and cold intolerance from loss of insulting fat layer.

Slowed metabolic rate, decreased heart rate as metabolism slows, eating to premature fatigue. Fainting and an overwhelming need for sleep. Iron deficiency anemia which leads to further weakness. Rough, dry, scaly and cold skin which may show multiple bruises because of the loss of the protective fat layer normally present under the skin. Low white blood cell count, which increases the risk of infection. Abnormal feeling of fullness or bloating which can last for several hours after eating. Loss of hair and appearance of langue. Constipation, due to deterioration of the gastrointestinal tract and abuse of laxative. Low blood potassium, worsened by potassium losses during omitting and use of some types of diuretics.

Loss of menstrual periods because of low body weight, low body fat content, and the Stress Of the disease. Changes in neurotransmitter function in the brain, which led to depression. Eventual loss of teeth ; and Muscle tears and stress fractures in athletes because of decreased bone and muscle mass. A vast array of physical effects can also serve as warning signs that a problem exists and therefore, professional evaluation is then indicated. Psychological component revolves in fear of gaining weight even that person is nearly or in the phase of what they call “underweight”. Most anorexic person wants to be dead than to be fat. People with anorexia are being insecure when it comes to their weight.

Anorexic person tends to have a distorted image which they see themselves as a fat person contradicting to the reality in which they are thin. Anorexic persons have thoughts that people would respect them if they were not fat. However, with the restriction of food they intake, this psychological problem wouldn’t be possible to eradicate. The typical psychological profile of an anorexic describes a young female who is well behaved, eager to please, and needs no special attention from parents or searchers. Children and adolescents with this disorder are usually described as helpful, kind and pure hearted people. Nevertheless, they are scared in building relationship with other peers for the fact that anorexic person thinks badly about their peers.

Even though these people are good and kind, they tend to have low self-esteem on themselves for these people are bashful about their weight. They care on what other people might say to them. Anorexic people are perfectionists; they expect and do things that they can do to be better. Other psychological symptoms that are common in anorexia includes: depressed mood, irritability, social withdrawal, loss of sexual drive, preoccupation with food, and obsessive thoughts. Behavioral The behavioral component of anorexia is characterized by what Hilled Brunch described as the “relentless pursuit of thinners”. People with anorexia are obsessed with their body weight by checking it repeatedly.

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Symptoms and causes Anorexia Nervosa. (2018, Mar 19). Retrieved from

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