I have read the CAP Student Plagiarism and Academic Misconduct Policy and understand its implications. Also declare, if this is a practical skills assessment, that a Client/eliminative Consent Form has been read and signed by both parties, and where applicable parental consent has been obtained. Bipolar disorder (sometimes referred to as manic depression) is a long term psychological that the mind goes through different changes of thought, also known as mood swings (Charged and Numerous, 2001). Bipolar disorder usually develops in the teenage years and, for numerous consumers, the disruption engineers throughout the individual’s lifespan.
People with bipolar disorder will either alternate between mania and depression or will experience them simultaneously in various episodes (Charged and Numerous, 2001). Bipolar disorder is commonly subdivided into three categories: bipolar I which comprises of phases of severe mood episodes from mania to depression; Bipolar II is a milder form of mood altitude, including minor episodes of hypotonic that substitute with stages of major depression; and cyclonic defines periods of hypotonic with passing periods of depression that are not as extensive or long- assisting as seen in full depressive episodes.
What do you know about bipolar disorder? In this presentation I will demonstrate the prevalence of bipolar disorder in Australia and explaining the symptoms of the manic and hypotonic stages of bipolar as well as depression. I will discuss the treatment which will include medications, psychotherapy and other means of treatment including electronegative therapy and transcriptional magnetic stimulation. Throughout the presentation I’ll take you on a journey through lives experiences of consumers living with bipolar disorder sharing consumer’s thoughts, and feelings of their disorder.
Bipolar disorder affects approximately three per cent of Australia’s population Compared to the one and a half per cent worldwide (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013). It is estimated that 1 in 200 Australians experience an episode of bipolar disorder 0. 7% of males and 1. 0% of females aged 18-24 have had bipolar disorder in any 12 month period (Mitchell, Salad et al. 2004), and that life time prevalence is between 1% and 5% Odd, Sisal et al 2002).
Bipolar I disorder is estimated to be experienced by up to 1% Australians over their lifetime (there being no gender difference), 5% for Bipolar II disorder (with rates Geiger in women) (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013) Do you know someone who suffers from bipolar disorder?. Individuals with bipolar disorder experience extraordinarily intense emotional states that transpire in distinctive periods called mood episodes (Colon & Vita 2006). There are four kinds of mood episodes for those who suffer from bipolar disorder they include mania, hypotonic, depression, and mixed episodes (Scott 2010).
Each episode has a distinctive set of symptoms. In the manic period of bipolar disorder, creativeness, spirits of amplified energy and ecstasy are common. Consumer’s experiencing a manic episode often talk faster, have very little sleep, and are agitated or hyperactive (Mitchell, Mali & Ball 2004). They may also feel like they’re all-powerful, invincible, or destined for greatness. Fast (2008) describes how she knows she is in a manic phase” I begin to think extremely reckless, talk really fast, and think that the people around me appear sluggish and unwise.
I feel like I’m amazingly superior and on top of the world until I start to get exceedingly exasperated with those around me. ” Hypotonic is a more controlled form of mania. Consumers in a hypotonic state feel joyful, spirited, and yeoman, nevertheless they are able to continue with their day-to-day lives without losing touch with reality (Charged & Numerous 2001). Symptoms for bipolar depression include feelings of guilt and restlessness, irritability and erratic mood swings (Judd & Skill 2002). Consumers with bipolar depression also tend to move and speak slowly, sleep a lot, and gain weight.
Fry (2013) A consumer experiencing depression states “l don’t want to be here anymore. I lie on my bed with the curtains drawn and nothingness washing over me like a sluggish wave. Whatever is happening to me is my own fault. These feelings are rowing me. I am inadequate and stupid, without worth. I might as well be dead. ” A mixed episode of bipolar disorder exhibits symptoms from mania or hypotonic and depression (Lewis 2005). Common signs of a mixed episode include depression combined with agitation, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, destructibility, and racing thoughts.
Studies have shown the mixture of high energy and low moods increases the risk of suicide or other forms of personal harm (Beer, Dodd & Mali 2005). What do you think it would be like if you suffered from some or all of these symptoms? Treatments for mental illnesses specially bipolar disorder are as varied and diverse as the illnesses themselves. However, treatments for bipolar disorder fall into two categories which include psychical treatments and psychological therapies (Billionaires, Tendon & Hence 2003). Medications are used widely in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
Generally speaking the most common medication used is antidepressants, antispasmodics and mood stabilizers (Goldberg & Ernest 2002). If patients take medication, it’s important they know why they are taking it and they that they take it as prescribed. The professional working with one with bipolar disorder deeds to engage with the patient and provide education and the importance of taking the medication. A common medication used in bipolar disorder is Palpitate, Protozoa and Responding (Lewis 2005). Psychological therapies also play a major role in the recovery process.
COB (cognitive behavioral therapy is used so the patient can see the links between their moods and thinking. In addition to his, it gets the client to think in ways that are more positive (Scott 2010). Interpersonal therapy (PIT) aims to help the patient identify current life factors that are leading them to having a mental illness. Therefore, it is used o strengthen the vulnerable parts of the patient’s personality (Scott 2010). Other physical treatments may include Mild brain stimulation (MBPS) which is a series of very weak currents being applied to the brain while the patient is awake and alert (Billionaires, Tendon, & Hence 2003).
Transcriptional magnetic stimulation (TM’S) which is a coil being held near ones head and a magnetic field is applied to stimulate relevant parts of the brain (Mitchell Mali & Ball 2004). Electronegative therapy (ACT) is electrodes being placed on ones temples and an electric current is applied through the brain (Colon & Vita 2006). In conclusion, there are many different elements to Bipolar disorder than just feeling depressed or euphoric it affects sleep patterns, appetite, sexuality, judgment, energy level etc. And can last for many weeks or months.
There have been significant advances in the management of bipolar disorder in recent years with the combination of medications and psychological therapies. Even too there is no cure for bipolar disorder it can be controlled but needs to be monitored constantly as this condition is very much changeable from a manic to depressive phases.