Business Research Methods

First line supervisor is a concept that can either be defined as “a person in first-line management who monitors and regulates employees in their performance of assigned or delegated tasks” or as a manager that reports to middle management. (http://www. businessdictionary. com, 2013) Employee morale is a construct that is known as either a “description of the emotions, attitude, satisfaction, and overall outlook of employees during their time in a workplace environment. (http://www. businessdictionary. om, 2013) or “fuel that drives an organization forward or the fuel that feeds the fires of employee discontent, poor performance, and absenteeism. (Ewton, Z. , 2007) Assembly line is a concept, described as a(robotic or human)worker is assigned one very specific task, which he or she simply repeats, and then the process moves to the next worker who does his or her task, until the task is completed and the product is made. (http://www. businessdictionary. com, 2013). Also as devises “that are only economical for manufacturers to use at high outputs.

However, large production runs increase the chances for manufacturing mistakes that produce defective products a manufacturer can’t sell. Big production outputs also may leave manufacturers stuck with a large number of products that can’t be sold due to a drop in consumer demand. “(Burks, 2013, Assembly Line vs. Batch Process) Overdue accounts is a concept, defined as loans, bills of exchange, and other obligations remaining unpaid past their due (or maturity) date. (http://www. businessdictionary. com, 2013) Likewise known as “a normal expense category account whose balance increases with a debit transaction.

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The other account, Allowance for doubtful accounts is an asset category account” However, “Writing off the debt this way, incidentally, does not relieve the debtor of the obligation to pay. The seller undertakes the write off in the interest of accounting accuracy, but the customer is still liable for the debt. The seller retains every right to pursue payment by other legal means, such s engaging a collection service or filing a law suit. “(Encyclopedia of Business Terms and Methods, 2013, http://www. business-case-analysis. com)

Line manager is a concept, explained as a “manager who heads a revenue-generating department and is responsible for achieving an organization’s main objectives by executing functions such as policy making, target setting, decision making. ” (http://www. businessdictionary. com, 2013) Similarly known as a manager that reports to senior management and works in conjunction with human resources to address subordinate matters; often seen as the “doer” by employees seeking change Leadership is a construct which can be defined as either “the activity of leading a group of people or an organization or the ability to do this. http://www. businessdictionary. com, 2013) or “a process of social influence, which maximizes the efforts of others, towards the achievement of a goal. ”(Kruse,2013, What is Leadership? )

Union Demoracy is a construct described as “a form of government where the powers of the sovereignty are delegated to a body of men, elected from time to time, who exercise them for the benefit of the whole nation. ” (Bouvier, 1856, A Law Dictionary) Also known as “a ‘”free labor movement” in the United States’ that “defend the workers’ standard of living, their safety on the job, their working conditions, and their dignity as employees. (Noyes and Szekely, http://www. aud2. uniondemocracy. org/) Ethical Standards are constructs, explained as “principles that when followed, promote values such as trust, good behavior, fairness, and/or kindness. ” (http://www. businessdictionary. com, 2013) They can also be described as “standards of conduct defining the kind of behavior an ethical person should and should not engage in. ” (Josephson, 2010, 12 Ethical Principles for Business Executives)

References:
assembly line. Definition. 2013. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/assembly-line.html#ixzz2YmoJZoav

Bouvier, J. 1856. A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Representative+democracy

Burks, F. 2013. Assembly Line vs. Batch Process. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/assembly-line-vs-batch-process-39317.html

ethical standards. definition. 2013. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/ethical-standards.html#ixzz2Ymwh9fOj

employee morale. Definition. 2013. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/employee-morale.html#ixzz2YmncsoYy

first line supervisor. Definition. 2013. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/supervisor.html#ixzz2YmmTEb00

Josephson, M. 2010. 12 Ethical Principles for Business Executives. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://josephsoninstitute.org/business/blog/2010/12/12-ethical-principles-for-business-executives/

Kruse, K. 2013. What Is Leadership? Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kevinkruse/2013/04/09/what-is-leadership/ leadership. definition. 2013. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/leadership.html#ixzz2YmrJhtJv

line manager. Definition. 2013. Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/line-manager.html#ixzz2YmqaY31P

Noyes and Szekely. 2011. What is union democracy? Retrieved 7/11/13 from http://www.aud2.uniondemocracy.org/legalrights/rights%2526organizing/what-union-democracy-0

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