My car was stolen. E-mails were written. 2. Used when: we focus on the action in the past it is not important who did the action but what happened to the subject in the sentence had a very bad day yesterday because I had an important meeting at work and woke up late. I decided to go to work by car because I was in a hurry. I went outside my house but I could ‘t find my car. I looked everywhere and then realized that my carcass stolen.
I don ‘t know who did it. Past Future My car was stolen. Now Am I talking about now or the past? Past Do we know who did the action?
No. Is it more important who stole my car or what happened to my car? It’s more important to know what happened to my car. Positive: Subject + was/ were* past participle Negative: Subject +was/ were + not + past participle Question: was/ were + subject + past participle Passive voice 5.
Subject and auxiliary verb are not contracted. Auxiliary was/ were + not are normally contracted to was ‘ t / were t. Stress typically falls on the past participle rather than the auxiliary was/ were. Weak forms of was/ were occur: /was/, / wall before consonants, [war/ before vowels. 6. i.
X The letter was deliver. X Correction: The letter was delivered We don ‘t use the past simple form with the passive voice but we use the past participle. Ii. X The criminal were caught. X Correction: The criminal was caught. With singular subject, one person, we use was not were. Iii. X House Vass /vs./ built. Cookies veer IVR/ eaten. X Correction: House was /was/ built not Vass /vs./ built. Cookies were ‘war/ eaten not IVR/ eaten. 7. Reference book used: C Oxen, C Lethal-Koenig-” New English File, Pre- Intermediate” PUP 2008 1 . The teacher was angry because nobody had done the homework.
She offered us something to eat but we had already had lunch. We are already talking about the past and want to talk about an earlier past we want to make it clear that something happened before the time we are talking about Peter: Did you enjoy the party last night? John: Oh yes, I did. Was sad because I din’ t see Sally. Peter: Really? But she was there, I saw here. John: When I arrived at the party, Sally had already gone home. When I arrived at the party, Sally had already gone home. Earlier past Past Is John talking about the present or about the past? – The past
Did Sally go home before John arrived at the party? – Yes Which action happened first: Sally went home. John arrived at the party. – Sally went home first. How do we know that Sally had already gone home when John arrived at the sad because he din ‘t see her at the party. Party? – John was 4. Affirmative: subject* had* past participle (aka 3rd form) Negative: subject+ had+ not+ past participle participle Past perfect simple Question: Had* subject+ past 5. Subject and auxiliary are typically contracted (e. G. L’ d, we ‘d… ) Stress typically falls on the past participle rather than auxiliary. We had seen…
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