One of the most effective policing strategies used In law enforcement is community policing. Two experts In this strategy are Robert Transaction and Bonnie Becquerel. They have done research and wrote many articles on the topic. Transaction worked for Michigan State university and has recently passed away. Becquerel was a volt of domestic violence and has added Ideas In this area for community policing. Over many years community policing has become one effective method used by law enforcement to help serve the communities better.
The concept was to develop a partnership between the police and the community. People in the community need to be able to have trust in the police officers patrolling their streets, not having to be afraid to talk to them if they needed too. Community policing is geared at trying to find solutions to issues that may exist in the community. Police and members of the community need to work together to create a safe environment for them and their families. In community policing the idea is for the police to develop a connection with the people In the community.
Officers do not Just drive around in their cars and never get out. In the community policing plan the officers develop relationships with people, especially In the specific areas they patrol. They talk to these people on a regular basis, try to get to know them on a personal level, and hope to gain their trust. So if an issue does arise they can look to the community for help to resolve the issue fast and efficient. Many people have a negative view about police officers so they respond to them based on realistic impressions inscribed into their minds in room past experiences .
Community policing helps the community see police officers not only as the police but also as normal people Just like them. Police are not Just patrolling the streets looking for crime they are patrolling to keep the area as safe as possible for the citizen of the community. They are traveling around the neighborhood to have a presence and to talk to members of the community and address any concern. Community policing has a deferent view on crime Investigation, especially In cases dealing with domestic violence.
Sir Robert Peel established the nine principles of law enforcement also know as the Appellant Principles In 1982 under the base of patrol function defined as deterring crime, enhancing the feeling of public safety, and making law enforcement officer available for service, Police departments today use these nine principles as a foundation of maintaining positive relationships with citizen and their community. These nine principles are: The basic mission for which police exist is to prevent crime and disorder as an alternative to the repression of crime and disorder by military force and severity of legal enmeshment.
The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police existence, actions, behavior and the ability of the police to secure and maintain public respect. The police must secure the willing cooperation of the public In voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and malting public respect. The degree of cooperation of the public that can be secured diminishes, proportionately, to the necessity for the use of physical force and compulsion in achieving police objectives.
The police seek and preserve public favor, impartial service to the law, in complete independence of policy, and without regard to the Justice or injustice of the substance of individual laws; by ready offering of individual service and friendship to all members of society without regard to their race or social standing, by ready exercise of courtesy and friendly good humor; and by ready offering of individual sacrifice in protecting and preserving life.
The police should use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to e insufficient to achieve police objectives; and police should use only the minimum degree of physical force which is necessary on any particular occasion for achieving a police objective.
The police at all times should maintain a relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police are the only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the intent of the community welfare. The police should always direct their actions toward their unction’s and never appear to usurp the powers of the Judiciary by avenging individuals or the state, or authoritatively Judging guilt or punishing the guilty.
The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with them. As we approach the 21st century, new technologies are changing the face of training and education. These new technologies include live satellite presentations, interactive video conferences and satellite downlinks, Web-based courses, Internet-based “chat rooms,” videotape and audiotape courses, and archives of taped presentations accessible through a central Web site or as a video library.
Make crime mapping tools supported and developed by the Department of Justice and other federal agencies widely available to law enforcement agencies and communities and the continued work in wide range of private sector vendors and making use of cooperative research and development agreements to stimulate the development of off the shelf crime mapping applications that meet the needs of the criminal Justice community.