Comparison and Contrast of USA and Sweden

Comparison and Contrast of USA and Sweden

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            The United States of America (USA) and Sweden are two of the world’s most highly developed industrial countries. Their economy is just one of the two country’s similarities. There are other similarities as well as differences between USA and Sweden which would be talked about in different sections of this paper. Similarities and differences about the geography, people, and economy would be the focus of the comparisons and contrasts of the two countries.

Geography

            The main difference between the USA and Sweden in terms of physical difference is the size. Compared to the US, Sweden is just a speck, roughly just the size of California, and California is not even the US’s biggest state. Then again, apart from China, Russia, and Canada, there are a few countries that come close to the land area of US. Sweden is just 173,860 square miles compared to the land area of the US which is a massive 3,676,486 square miles (Encyclopædia Britannica, “United States”; Encyclopædia Britannica, “Sweden”).

            The number of countries that surround the US and Sweden are practically the same. The US has Russia in the East, Canada to the North, and Mexico to the South (Encyclopædia Britannica, “United States”). Sweden, on the other hand, has Finland in the Northeast, Denmark in the South, and Norway which lies to the West (Encyclopædia Britannica, “Sweden”).

            The land of the US is so vast that it is composed of anywhere between the Arctic regions and tropics. Its topography meanwhile is composed of lowlands, especially in the mid states, plains, and mountainous areas (Encyclopædia Britannica, “United States”).  Sweden is also composed of lowlands and highlands in the central part of the country belonging to the region of Svealand. The North region known as Norrland is composed of mountainous and forest regions, and lastly, the region known as Gotaland is composed of plains (Encyclopædia Britannica, “Sweden”).

People

            What would be a country without its people? The US has certainly a lot of them. As of 2008, the United States has approximately 305,146,000 residents (Encyclopædia Britannica, “United States”). Sweden, on the other hand, has only 9,214,000 residents based on the same year of survey (Encyclopædia Britannica, “Sweden”). Sweden’s population is just a fraction of that of the US; in fact the US population is more than three times the population of Sweden.

            Both the United States and Sweden have Ethnic minorities and immigrants as part of their population. Sweden used to be homogeneous in terms of ethnic composition, but after the World War II, it experienced a sudden increase in immigration, which mainly involves the people coming from the neighboring countries. At present, Sweden has two minority groups that are indigenous to the country—the Finnish speaking people near the border of Finland and the Sami, an ethnic group scattered all throughout Sweden. (Encyclopædia Britannica, “Sweden”). The US, on the other hand, has the Native American Indians as its indigenous people, while the rest are a variety of ethnic groups that are composed of European-Americans, African-Americans, Latin-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Middle-Easterners (Encyclopædia Britannica, “United States”).

Economy

            The US economy is the world’s strongest in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and with about 5% of the world’s population, the US produces one-fifth of the world’s economic output (Encyclopædia Britannica, “United States”). On the other hand, Sweden is one of the world’s leaders in terms of Gross National Product (GNP). The same can be said when it comes to Sweden’s tax collection because it is also high. Sweden practices free international trade, and is probably the reason why it maintains high living standards (Encyclopædia Britannica, “Sweden”).

Works Cited

Encyclopædia Britannica. “Sweden.” Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. 26 Apr. 2009.

            <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/576478/Sweden>.

—. “United States.” Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2009. 26 Apr. 2009.

<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/616563/United-States>.

 

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