Nurses over the old ages have studied diligently assorted documents particularly different theories that would impact and order how they will pull off their clients. In order for one to be more familiar with these theories. I will compare 4 expansive theoreticians as to types identified by Afaf Ibrahim Meleis. Dr. Meleis is a professor of Nursing and Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania and has published legion scholarly documents and books that dealt with nursing theories. She has established four types or school of ideas of theories: Needs. Interaction. Outcomes and Caring/Becoming. These four school of ideas will be the footing of my comparing.
Comparison of Grand Theorist Harmonizing to Types Identified by Meleis In these paper four expansive theoreticians were selected and compared harmonizing to their educational background. doctrine of nursing. definition of nursing and end or intent of theory. Table 1 will demo how each theoretician differ from each other and every bit good as their similarities. Table 1.
Comparison of Grand Theorists Harmonizing to Types Identified by Meleis:
Needs theoreticianInteraction theoreticianOutcome theoreticianCaring/becoming theoreticianName of theoreticianDorothea OremHildegard Peplau
Myra LevineJean WatsonEducational Background& gt ; 1931. Seton High School. Baltimore. Maryland ( Dorothea Orem Collection. n. d. ) & gt ; 1934. Diploma. Providence Hospital School of Nursing( Dorothea Orem Collection. n. d. ) & gt ; 1939. Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Catholic University ( Dorothea Orem Collection. n. vitamin D ) & gt ; 1945. Masters of Science in Nursing Education ( Dorothea Orem Collection. n. d. ) & gt ; 1931. Bachelor of Science in Nursing Pottstown. Pennsylvania School of Nursing ( Wayne. 2014 ) & gt ; 1943. Bachelor of Science in Interpersonal Psychology. Bennington College. VT ( Wayne. 2014 ) & gt ; 1947. Master’s and Doctoral grades. Teachers College. Columbia University ( Wayne. 2014 )
& gt ; 1944. Cook County School of Nursing ( Myra Estrin Levine –Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1948. BS in Nursing. University of Chicago ( Myra Estrin Levine –Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1962. MS in Nursing. Wayne State University ( Myra Estrin Levine –Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1992. Honorary Doctorate. Loyola University ( Myra Estrin Levine –Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1961. Lewis Gale School of Nursing ( Jean Watson-Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1964. BS in Nursing. University of Colorado in Boulder ( Jean Watson-Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1966. MS in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing ( Jean Watson-Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) & gt ; 1973. PhD in educational psychological science and guidance ( Jean Watson-Nursing Theorist. 2013 )
Doctrine of nursingDorothea Orem’s nursing theory is based upon the doctrine that “patients wish to care for themselves. ” They can retrieve more rapidly and holistically if they are allowed to execute their ain self-care to the best of their ability ( N207. n. d. ) “Significant. curative. interpersonal procedure. ”
( Wayne. 2014 )Every person has a alone scope of adaptative responses.( Myra Estrin Levine –Nursing Theorist. 2013 )Experiential doctrine and rules of equity in relationship ( Jean Watson-Nursing Theorist. 2013 ) Definition of nursingSelf-Care bureau to run into individual’s demand for ego –care action in order to prolong life and wellness. recover from disease or hurt. and header with the effectsMeleis. 2012 ) Therapeutic interpersonal. consecutive. end oriented procedure ; A wellness focused human relationship ( Meleis. 2012 )
Patient protagonism. devotedness to humanity and dignity of patient. perceptual experience and support for personal and individualised demands. compassion. committedness and protection ( Meleis. 2012 )
Nursing is a human scientific discipline consisting of cognition. thought. values. doctrine. committedness and action with passion in human attention minutess. ( Meleis. 2012 )
Goals/purpose of theoryEliminate shortage between self-care capablenesss and demand ( Meleis. 2012 )Develop personality. doing illness an eventful experience ; Forward motion of personality and other ongoing human procedures in the way of originative. constructive. productive personal community life ( Meleis. 2012 )
Conservation of energy and unities ( personal. structural. societal ) Restoration of wellbeing and independent activity ; Nursing is preservation of energy and unities. ( Meleis. 2012 )Mental and religious growing for human existences ( nurses and clients ) happening significance in one’s ain being and experience ( Meleis. 2012 )
Decision and ContemplationAs seen in Table 1. it clearly shows that these theoreticians are the same in the educational background. All four of them continued to higher surveies after completing their bachelor’s grade. Although one would state that their primary end would be towards supplying the best attention for clients. they all differ in their definition and doctrine of nursing every bit good as the intent of their theory.
Dorothea Orem’s doctrine in nursing is consistent with my ain personaldoctrine. Knowing your ain capableness and bounds predicts about ever the concluding consequence. One must work towards their ain accomplishments and ability in order to accomplish their ain ends. Care for each patient must be individualize and personalise. I frequently observed that those patients who choose to pay more attending to their demands and execute their ain undertakings are more satisfied and often reach their marks faster.
Dorothea Orem Collection ( n. d. ) . In Alan Chesney Medical Archives of the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions online. Retrieved fromhypertext transfer protocol: //www. medicalarchives. jhmi. edu/papers/orem. hypertext markup languageDorothea Orem-Nursing Theorist ( 2013 ) . In Nursing Theory online. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //nursing-theory. org/nursing-theorists/Dorothea-E-Orem. php Jean Watson-Nursing Theorist ( 2013 ) . In Nursing Theory online. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //nursing-theory. org/nursing-theorists/Jean-Watson. php Meleis. A. I. ( 2012 ) . Theoretical nursing: Development and advancement. ( fifth erectile dysfunction. ) . Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. Lippincott Williams & A ; Wilkins
Myra Estrin Levine- Nursing Theorist ( 2013 ) . In Nursing Theory online. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //nursing-theory. org/nursing-theorists/Myra-Estrine-Levine. php N207 ( n. d. ) . In Dorothea Elizabeth and Her Philosophy of Self-Care online. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //n207grpfsuccessorsoforem. blogspot. com/p/introduction. hypertext markup language Wayne ( 2014 ) . In Nurseslabs online.
Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //nurseslabs. com/hildegard-peplau/